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GRE - 1000 elementary words

GRE - 1000 elementary words

Last update 

1000 elementary GRE words

Items (1000)

  • abacus

    frame with balls for calculating

  • abate

    to lessen to subside

  • abdication

    giving up control authority

  • aberration

    straying away from what is normal

  • abet

    help/encourage smb (in doing wrong)

  • abeyance

    suspended action

  • abhor

    to hate to detest

  • abide

    be faithful to endure

  • abjure

    promise or swear to give up

  • abraded

    rubbed off worn away by friction

  • abrogate

    repeal or annul by authority

  • abscond

    to go away suddenly (to avoid arrest)

  • abstruse

    difficult to comprehend obscure

  • abut

    border on

  • abysmal

    bottomless extreme

  • acarpous

    effete no longer fertile worn out

  • acclaimed

    welcomed with shouts and approval

  • accolade

    praise approval

  • accretion

    the growing of separate things into one

  • adamant

    kind of stone inflexible

  • admonitory

    containing warning

  • adorn

    add beauty decorate

  • adulteration

    making unpure poorer in quality

  • affable

    polite and friendly

  • affinity

    close connection relationship

  • aggravate

    make worse irritate

  • agile

    active quick-moving

  • agog


  • ail

    trouble be ill

  • alacrity

    eager and cheerful readiness

  • alcove

    recess/partially enclosed place

  • allegiance

    duty support loyalty

  • alleviate

    make (pain) easier to bear

  • alloy

    to debase by mixing with something inferior

  • aloof

    reserved indifferent

  • amalgamate

    mix combine unite societies

  • ambidextrous

    able to use the left hand or the right equally well

  • ambiguous

    doubtful uncertain

  • ambivalent

    having both of two contrary meanings

  • ameliorate

    improve make better

  • amortize

    end (a debt) by setting aside money

  • anguish

    severe suffering

  • animosity

    strong dislike

  • antidote

    medicine used against a poison or a disease

  • antithetical

    direct opposing

  • apartheid

    brutal racial discrimination

  • aplomb


  • apostate

    one who abandons long-held religious or political convictions

  • apotheosis

    deification glorification to godliness

  • appease

    make quiet or calm

  • apprehensive

    grasping understanding fear unhappy feeling about future

  • apprise

    give notice to inform

  • approbation


  • apropos

    appropriate to the situation apt

  • apt

    well-suited quick-witted

  • arabesque

    a complex ornate design

  • arboreal

    of connected with trees

  • ardor


  • arduous

    steep difficult ascent laborious

  • argot

    jargon slang

  • arrant

    in the highest degree

  • arrogance

    proud superior manner of behaviour

  • articulate

    speak distinctly connect by joints

  • ascend

    go or come up

  • ascertain

    get to know

  • ascetic

    practicing self-denial austere stark

  • ascribe

    consider to be the origin of or belonging to

  • aseptic

    surgically clean

  • asperity

    roughness harshness ill temper irritability

  • aspersion


  • assail

    with attack violently

  • assiduous

    diligent hard-working sedulous

  • assuage

    make smth (pain desire) less

  • asterisk

    the mark * (e.g.. omitted letters)

  • astringent

    substance that shrinks

  • astute

    clever quick at seeing to get an advantage

  • atonement

    repayment death of Jesus

  • attenuate

    make thin. weaken enervate

  • attune

    bring into harmony

  • audacious

    daring foolishly bold impudent

  • augury

    omen sign

  • august

    majestic venerable

  • auspicious

    favorable successful prosperous

  • austere

    severely moral and strict simple and plain

  • auxiliary

    helping supporting

  • aver

    affirm assert prove justify

  • aversion

    strong dislike

  • avid

    eager greedy

  • avow

    admit. Declare openly

  • baleful

    harmful ominous causing evil

  • balk

    obstacle purposely to get on the way of

  • baneful

    causing harm or ruin pernicious destructive

  • barrage

    artificial obstacle built across a river

  • barren

    not good enough unable to have young ones without value

  • bask

    in enjoy warmth and light

  • beatify

    to bless make happy or ascribe a virtue to

  • bedizen

    to adorn especially in a cheap showy manner

  • belabor

    beat hard

  • bellicose

    belligerent pugnacious warlike

  • belligerent

    (person nation) waging war

  • benefactor

    person who has given help

  • benevolence

    wish or activity in doing good

  • benign

    kind and gentle mild (climate)

  • bequest

    arrangement to give smth at death

  • berate

    scold sharply

  • bereft

    rob or dispossess of smth (material)

  • bewilder

    puzzle confuse

  • bigot

    stubborn narrow-minded person

  • bilge

    bulge the protuberance of a cask

  • blandishment

    flattery coaxing

  • blandness

    polite manner comforting uninteresting

  • blatant

    noisy and rough

  • blithe

    cheerful casual carefree

  • bogus

    sham counterfeit not genuine

  • boisterous

    loud noisy rough lacking restraint

  • bolster

    give greatly needed support

  • boorish

    crude offensive rude

  • brash

    hasty rush cheeky saucy

  • brass

    yellow metal (mixing copper and zinc)

  • brazen

    made of brass

  • breach

    opening broken place breaking

  • brittle

    easily broken

  • broach

    bring up announce begin to talk about

  • brook

    to tolerate endure

  • buoyant

    able to float light-hearted

  • burgeon

    grow forth send out buds

  • burnish

    to polish rub to a shine

  • cabal

    a scheme or plot a group of plotters

  • cadge

    to beg to get by begging

  • cajole

    use flattery or deceit to persuade

  • calipers

    metal supports attached to the legs measuring instrument

  • calumny

    slander aspersion

  • candid

    frank straight-forward

  • cant

    insincere talk/jargon

  • cantankerous


  • canvass

    discuss thoroughly sort of touting

  • castigate

    to chastise correct by punishing

  • castigation

    severe punishment

  • catalyst

    substance that causes speeding up

  • caustic

    biting sarcastic

  • censure

    expression of blame or disapproval a rebuke

  • centurion

    leader of a unit of 100 soldiers

  • chary

    cautious wary

  • chastened

    corrected punished

  • chastisement


  • chauvinist

    a blindly devoted patriot

  • chicanery

    legal trickery/false argument

  • chisel

    steel tool for shaping materials

  • churl

    bad-tempered person

  • clamor

    shout complain with a lot of noise

  • clientele


  • clinch

    come to grips/settle conclusively

  • cling

    to resist separation

  • clot

    half-solid lump formed from liquid

  • cloture

    closing device (in Parliament) to end a debate by voting

  • coagulation

    change to a thick and solid state

  • coalescing

    coming together and uniting into one substance

  • coax

    get smb to do smth by kindness

  • coda

    passage that completes a piece of music

  • coddle

    treat with care and tenderness

  • coerce

    compel to force to make obedient

  • coeval

    of the same period coexisting

  • cogent

    strong convincing

  • cogitate

    think deeply mediate

  • cognizant

    being fully aware of

  • colander

    bowl-shaped vessel with many holes used to drain off water

  • collusion

    secret agreement for a deceitful purpose

  • combustion

    process of burning

  • commemorate

    keep the memory of

  • commodious

    having plenty of space for what is needed

  • commuter

    person who travels regularly

  • complaisance

    tending to comply obliging willingness to please

  • compunction

    feeling of regret for one's action

  • conceal

    hide keep secret

  • conceit

    over-high opinion of too much pride

  • conciliatory

    reconciling soothing comforting mollifying

  • concord

    agreement or harmony

  • concur

    agree in opinion happen together

  • condense

    increase in density strength make laconic

  • condone


  • congeal

    make or become stiff and solid

  • conjoin

    to join together

  • connoisseur

    a person with good judgement (e.g.. in art)

  • connotation

    suggestion in addition to

  • consequential

    pompous self important

  • console

    give comfort or sympathy to

  • conspicuous

    easily seen remarkable

  • consternation

    surprise and fear dismay

  • constrain


  • constrict

    make tight or smaller

  • consume

    get to the end of

  • consummate

    perfect/make perfect/complete

  • contemn

    to scorn or despise

  • contentious

    argumentative pugnacious combative quarrelsome

  • contiguous

    touching neighboring near

  • contrite

    filled with deep sorrow for wrongdoing

  • contumacious

    insubordinate rebellious

  • conundrum

    a riddle dilemma enigma

  • conviction

    convincing firm belief

  • convoke

    call together summon

  • convoluted

    complicated coiled twisted

  • cordial

    warm and sincere

  • cordon

    line (of police acting as a guard)

  • cornucopia

    abundant supply

  • corporeal

    physical of or for the body

  • correlate

    have a mutual relation

  • corroboration

    additional strengthening evidence

  • countenance

    to favor or approve of

  • counterfeit


  • countervail


  • covert


  • covetous

    eagerly desirous

  • cower

    crouch shrink back

  • coy

    shy/modest (esp of a girl)

  • crass

    very great (es. stupidity)

  • cravat

    piece of linen worn as a necktie

  • craven


  • crease

    line made by crushing white line on the ground in cricket

  • credulity

    too great a readiness to believe things

  • credulous

    ready to believe things

  • crush

    press lose shape subdue overwhelm

  • cryptic

    secret with a hidden meaning

  • cumbersome

    burdensome heavy and awkward to carry

  • curmudgeon

    bad-tempered person

  • curriculum

    course of study

  • cursory

    quick hurried

  • curtail

    make shorter then was planned

  • dainty

    pretty/delicate(food)/difficult to please

  • daunt

    intimidate make fearful

  • dawdler

    person who is slow waste of time

  • dearth


  • debacle

    a breakup overthrow sudden disaster

  • decorum

    propriety properness

  • decree

    order given by authority

  • decry

    disapprove of

  • defer

    postpone give way (to show respect)

  • deferential

    showing respect

  • defiance

    open disobedience or resistance

  • delineate

    to portray depict sketch out

  • deluge

    great flood heavy rush of water

  • demagogue

    person appealing not to reasons

  • demur

    to hesitate raise objections

  • denigrate

    blacken belittle sully defame

  • denouement

    an outcome or solution the unraveling of a plot

  • deplete

    use until none remains

  • deposition

    dethronement depositing

  • deprave

    make morally bad corrupt

  • deprecate

    protest against express disapproval of

  • dereliction

    deserting and leaving to fall into ruins

  • derision

    ridicule mockery deriding

  • derivative

    unoriginal obtained from another source

  • derogatory

    insulting tending to damage

  • descry

    catch sight of see smth in the distance

  • desiccant

    substance used to absorb moisture

  • desuetude

    cessation of use disuse

  • desultory

    aimless haphazard digressing at random

  • deter

    discourage hinder

  • detraction

    slandering verbal attack aspersion

  • detumescence

    diminishing or lessening of swelling

  • deviance

    being different in moral standards (from normal)

  • dexterity

    skill (esp. in handling)

  • diaphanous

    transparent gauzy

  • diatribe

    bitter and violent attack in words

  • diffidence


  • dilate

    speak comprehensively become wider large

  • disallow

    refuse to allow or accept as a correct

  • discern

    see with an effort but clearly

  • discomfit

    confuse embarrass

  • disconcert

    upset the self-possession of

  • discountenance

    refuse to approve of

  • discourse

    speech lecture

  • discredit

    refuse to believe

  • discreet


  • discrete

    individually distinct

  • disdain

    look on with contempt

  • disencumber

    free from encumbrance

  • disheveled


  • disingenuous

    sophisticated artful trying to deceive cunning

  • disinter

    dig up from the earth

  • dislodge

    move force from the place occupied

  • dismal

    sad gloomy miserable

  • disparate

    essentially different

  • disproof

    proof to the contrary

  • dissemble

    speak or behave so as to hide smth (in mind)

  • disseminate

    distribute (esp. ideas)

  • dissent

    have a different opinion refuse to assent

  • dissolution

    disintegration looseness in morals

  • distraught

    distracted violently upset in mind

  • divergence

    getting farther apart from a point

  • divestiture

    taking off getting rid of giving up

  • divulge

    make known smth secret

  • doggerel

    trivial poorly constructed verse

  • dogmatic

    positive certain arbitrary without room for discussion

  • dolt

    stupid fellow

  • dormant

    in a state of inactivity but awaiting development

  • dote

    show much fondness center one's attention

  • drawl

    slow way of speaking

  • droll


  • drone

    male bee person who isn't self-employed

  • drowsiness

    feeling sleepy half asleep

  • dubious

    feeling doubt

  • dud

    no use person smth that fails

  • dulcet

    melodious harmonious

  • dupe

    cheat make a fool of

  • duplicity

    deliberate deception

  • duress

    threats to compel smb

  • dwarf

    person or smb much below the usual size

  • dynamo

    a generator something that produces electric current

  • earthenware

    dishes made of baked clay

  • ebullience

    exuberance outburst of feeling

  • ebullient

    overflowing with enthusiasm showing excitement

  • ecumenical

    representing the whole Christian world

  • edacious

    voracious devouring

  • eddy

    circular or spiral movement (e.g.. of wind)

  • edible

    fit to be eaten/not poisonous

  • effete

    infertile worn out weak

  • efficacy

    production of a desired result

  • effluvia

    outflow in a stream of particles a noxious odor or vapor

  • effrontery

    boldness impudence arrogance

  • egress

    way out exit

  • elaborate

    worked out with much care in great detail

  • elegy

    a lament a melancholy composition

  • elicit

    draw out

  • eloquence

    fluent speaking skillful use of language

  • emaciate

    make thin and weak

  • embellish

    make beautiful

  • embezzle

    use in a wrong way for one's own benefit

  • emote

    stir up excite

  • empirical

    relying on experiment

  • encapsulate

    enclose in capsule

  • encomium

    warm or glowing praise eulogy panegyric

  • encumbrance

    burden things that get on the way of

  • endearing

    making dear or liked

  • endemic


  • endorse

    write one's name on the back of

  • enduring


  • enervate

    weaken deprive of strength attenuate

  • engender

    cause produce give rise to

  • engrave

    impress deeply

  • engrossing

    taken up all the time or attention writing in large or formal

  • engulf

    swallow up

  • enigma

    smth that is puzzling

  • enmity

    hatred being an enemy

  • ensign


  • entangle

    put into difficulties

  • enthral

    please greatly/enslave (fig)

  • entice

    tempt or persuade

  • entreat

    ask earnestly

  • enunciate

    pronounce (words)/express a theory

  • enzyme


  • epicurean

    devoted to pleasure (sensuous enjoyment)

  • epistle


  • epithet


  • epitome

    brief summary representative example a typical model

  • equable

    steady regular

  • equanimity

    calmness of temperament

  • equilibrium

    state of being balanced

  • equipoise

    equal distribution of weight equilibrium

  • equivocal

    having a double or doubtful meaning suspicious

  • equivocate

    try to deceive by equivocal language

  • eradicate

    get rid of pull up by the roots

  • erratic

    irregular in behaviour or opinion

  • erudite

    learned scholarly

  • eschew


  • esoteric

    abstruse intended only for a small circle of

  • espouse

    marry give one's support to

  • eulogy

    formal praise panegyric

  • euphoria

    elation state of pleasant excitement

  • euthanasia

    easy and painless death

  • evasive

    tending to evade

  • evince

    to show clearly to indicate

  • evoke

    call up bring out

  • excoriation

    severe criticism

  • exculpate

    to clear from a charge of guilt

  • exhaustive

    complete thorough

  • exigency

    emergency an urgent situation

  • exoneration

    set smb clear free (e.g.. from blame)

  • exorbitant

    much too high or great

  • expatiate

    to roam wander freely

  • expedient

    likely to be useful for a purpose

  • expiation

    ending expiring

  • exploit

    brilliant achievement develop use selfishly

  • expostulate

    argue earnestly to dissuade correct or protest

  • expurgate

    to remove obscenity purify censor

  • exscind

    to cut out cut away

  • extant

    still in existence

  • extempore

    without previous thought or preparation

  • extenuate

    reduce the strength of lessen seriousness partially excuse

  • extinct

    no longer active

  • extinguish

    end the existence of/wipe or put out

  • extirpate

    to destroy exterminate cut out exscind

  • extol

    praise highly

  • extort

    obtain by threats violence

  • extralegal

    outside the law

  • extricable

    that can be freed

  • extrovert

    cheerful person

  • exuberance

    state of growing vigorously being full of life

  • facetious

    humorous funny jocular

  • facile

    easily done

  • fallacious

    based on error

  • falter

    waver/move in an uncertain manner

  • fatuous

    without sense foolish self-satisfaction

  • fawn

    young deer try to win smb's favor

  • feckless

    lacking purpose or vitality ineffective careless

  • fecund


  • feint


  • felicitous

    apt suitably expressed well chosen apropos

  • felon

    person guilty of murder

  • ferment

    substance become excited

  • ferocity

    savage cruelty

  • ferret

    discover by searching search

  • fervid

    showing earnest feeling

  • fervor

    warmth of feelings earnestness

  • fetid


  • fetter

    to shackle put in chains

  • feud

    bitter quarrel over a long period of time

  • fidelity

    loyalty accuracy

  • fidget

    move restlessly make nervous

  • figurehead

    carved image on the prow of a ship

  • finesse

    delicate way of dealing with a situation

  • finical

    too fussy about food clothing etc.

  • finicky


  • fission

    splitting or division (esp. of cells)

  • fixate

    stare at

  • flak

    criticism/anti-aircraft guns

  • flamboyant

    brightly colored florid

  • flaunting

    show off complacently

  • flax

    pale yellow (hair) a plant

  • fledged

    able to fly trained experienced

  • fleet

    number of ships quick-moving

  • flinch

    draw move back wince

  • flop

    fail/move/fall clumsily

  • florid

    very much ornamented naturally red (e.g.. of face)

  • flout

    reject mock to go against (as in going against tradition)

  • fluke

    lucky stroke

  • fluster

    make nervous or confused

  • foible

    defect of character (a person is wrongly proud)

  • foil

    prevent from carrying out contrast

  • foment

    put smth warm (to lessen the pain)

  • foolproof

    incapable of failure or error

  • foppish

    like a man who pays too much attention to his clothes

  • forage

    food for horses and cattle

  • forbear

    refrain from be patient ancestor

  • forbearance

    patience willingness to wait

  • ford

    shallow place in a river (to cross)

  • forestall

    prevent by taking action in advance preempt

  • forfeit

    suffer the loss of smth

  • forge

    workshop for the shaping of metal to shape metal lead

  • forgery


  • forswear

    renounce disallow repudiate

  • foster

    nurture care for

  • fracas

    noisy quarrel

  • fragile

    easily injured broken or destroyed

  • fragrant


  • frantic

    wildly excited with joy pain anxiety

  • frenetic

    frantic frenzied

  • fret

    worry irritation wear away

  • fringe

    edge ornamental border part of hair over the forehead

  • froward

    intractable not willing to yield or comply stubborn

  • frugal

    careful economical

  • fulmination

    bitter protest

  • fulsome

    disgusting offensive due to excessiveness

  • gainsay

    to deny to oppose

  • garble

    make unfair selection from facts

  • garment

    article of clothing

  • garner

    to gather and save to store up

  • garrulity


  • garrulous

    too talkative

  • gaucherie

    socially awkward tactless behavior

  • germane

    relevant pertinent to

  • gist

    the point general sense

  • glean

    gather facts in small quantities

  • glib

    ready and smooth but not sincere

  • glimmer

    weak/unsteady light

  • gloat

    over look at with selfish delight

  • glut

    supply to much fill to excess

  • gnaw

    waste away bite steadily

  • goad

    smth urging a person to action

  • gorge

    eat greedily/narrow opening with a stream

  • gossamer

    soft light delicate material

  • gouge

    tool for cutting grooves in wood

  • grandiloquent

    using pompous words

  • grave

    serious requiring consideration

  • graze

    touch or scrape lightly in passing

  • gregarious

    living in societies liking the company

  • grievous

    causing grief or pain serious dire grave

  • grovel

    crawl humble oneself

  • guile

    deceit cunning

  • gullible

    easily gulled

  • gush

    burst out suddenly/talk ardently

  • gust

    outburst of feeling sudden rain wind fire etc.

  • hack

    cut roughly hired horse

  • halcyon

    calm and peaceful

  • hallow

    to make holy consecrate

  • harangue

    a long passionate speech

  • harbinger

    smth or smb that foretells the coming of

  • harrow

    to distress create stress or torment

  • haughty

    arrogant conceited

  • heed

    attention/give notice to

  • heinous

    odious (of crime)

  • heresy

    belief contrary to what is generally accepted

  • hermetic

    sealed by fusion

  • heterogeneous

    made up of different kinds

  • hew

    make by hard work cut (by striking)

  • highbrow

    (person) with superior tastes

  • hirsute

    hairy shaggy

  • hoax

    mischievous trick played on smb for a joke

  • hoi

    polloi the masses the rabble

  • hollow

    not soled with hole

  • holster

    leather case for a pistol

  • homiletics

    act of preaching

  • hone

    stone used for sharpening tools

  • hoodwink

    trick mislead

  • hospitable

    liking to give hospitality

  • hubris

    arrogant pride

  • hush

    make or become silent

  • husk

    worthless outside part of anything

  • hypocrisy

    falsely making oneself appear to be good

  • iconoclast

    person who attacks popular beliefs

  • idiosyncrasy

    personal mannerism

  • idolatry

    excessive admiration of

  • idyll

    a carefree episode or experience

  • ignoble

    dishonorable common undignified

  • ignominious

    shameful dishonorable undignified disgraceful

  • illicit

    unlawful forbidden

  • imbroglio

    complicated and embarrassing situation

  • immaculate

    pure faultless

  • imminent

    likely to come or happen soon

  • immutable

    that cannot be changed

  • impair

    worsen diminish in value

  • impassive

    unmoved feeling no sign of passion

  • impecunious

    having little or no money

  • impede

    hinder get in the way of

  • impediment

    smth that hinders (e.g. stammer)

  • impending

    imminent being about to happen expected

  • imperative

    urgent essential

  • imperious

    commanding haughty arrogant

  • impermeable

    that cannot be permeated

  • imperturbable

    calm not capable of being excited

  • impervious

    not allowing to pass through (of materials)

  • imperviousness

    haughty arrogant commanding

  • impetuous

    having sudden energy impulsive thrusting ahead forceful

  • impiety

    lack of reverence or dutifulness

  • implacable

    incapable of being placated unpleasable

  • implicate

    show that smb has a share

  • implicit

    implied though not plainly expressed

  • implosion

    collapse bursting inward

  • importune

    beg urgently solicit (of a prostitute)

  • imprecation

    an invocation of evil a curse

  • impromptu

    without preparation

  • impudent

    rash indiscreet

  • impugned

    challenged to be doubted

  • impute

    to attribute to a cause or source ascribe

  • inadvertent

    not paying proper attention

  • inane

    silly senseless

  • inasmuch

    since because

  • incense

    make angry

  • incessant

    often repeated continual

  • inchoate

    not yet fully formed rudimentary elementary

  • incipient


  • incise

    engrave make a cut in

  • incite

    stir up rouse

  • inclined

    directing the mind in a certain direction

  • incongruous

    out of place not in harmony or agreement

  • incorrigibility

    cannot be cured or corrected

  • incredulous

    skeptical unwilling to believe

  • inculcate

    fix firmly by repetition

  • incumbents

    official duties

  • incursion

    a raid a sudden attack

  • indefatigability

    not easily exhaustible tirelessness

  • indelible

    that cannot be rubbed out

  • indigence


  • indigenous


  • indistinct

    not easily heard seen clearly marked

  • indolence


  • indomitable

    not easily discouraged or subdued

  • indulge

    gratify give way to satisfy allow oneself

  • indulgent

    inclined to indulge

  • ineffable

    to great to be described in words

  • ineluctable

    certain inevitable

  • inept

    unskillful said or done at the wrong time

  • ineptitude

    quality of being unskillful

  • inferno


  • infuriate

    fill with fury or rage

  • infuse

    put pour fill

  • ingenuous

    naive young artless frank honest sincere

  • ingest

    take in by swallowing

  • inimical

    harmful or friendly

  • inimitable

    defying imitation unmatchable

  • innocuous

    causing no harm

  • inscrutable

    incapable of being discovered or understood

  • insensible

    unconscious unresponsive unaffected

  • insinuate

    suggest unpleasantly make a way for smth gently

  • insipid

    without taste or flavor

  • insouciant

    unconcerned carefree

  • insularity

    narrow-mindedness isolated

  • insurrection

    rising of people to open resistance to

  • interdict

    prohibit forbid

  • interim

    as an installment

  • intersperse

    place here and there

  • intransigence

    unwillingness to compromise stubbornness intractability

  • intransigent


  • intrepid

    fearless brave undaunted

  • introspection

    examining one's own thoughts and feelings

  • inundate

    flood cover by overflowing

  • inured

    accustomed to adapted

  • invective

    abusive language curses

  • inveigh

    to attack verbally denounce deprecate

  • inveterate

    deep-rooted. long-established

  • invincible

    too strong to be defeated

  • involute


  • irascible

    irritable easily angered

  • irate


  • ire


  • irksome


  • irresolute

    hesitating undecided

  • irrevocable

    final and unalterable

  • itinerate

    to travel from place to place to peregrinate

  • jabber

    talk excitedly utter rapidly

  • jibe

    gibe make fun of

  • jocular

    meant as a joke

  • judicious

    sound in judgment wise

  • knit

    draw together unite firmly

  • labyrinthine

    to entangle the state of affairs

  • lachrymose

    causing tears tearful

  • lackluster

    (of eyes) dull

  • lament

    show feel great sorrow

  • lassitude

    weariness tiredness

  • latent

    present but not yet active developed or visible

  • laudatory

    expressing or giving praise

  • lavish

    giving or producing freely liberally or generously

  • legacy

    smth handed down from ancestors

  • levee

    formal reception/embankment

  • levity

    lack of seriousness

  • libel

    statement that damages reputation

  • liberality

    free giving generosity

  • libertine

    immoral person

  • lien

    legal claim until a debt on it is repaid

  • limn

    paint portray

  • limp

    lacking strength walking unevenly

  • lionize

    treat as a famous person

  • lithe

    bending twisting

  • loll

    rest to sit or stand in a lazy way hang (dog's tongue)

  • lope

    move along with long strides

  • loquacious

    talkative garrulous

  • lucubrate

    write in scholarly fashion

  • luculent

    easily understood lucid clear

  • lugubrious

    mournful excessively sad

  • lull

    become quiet or less active

  • lumber

    move in a clumsy/noisy way

  • luminary

    star light-giving body

  • lurk

    be out of view ready to attack

  • lustrous

    being bright polished

  • macabre

    gruesome suggesting death

  • macerate

    make or become soft by soaking in water

  • machination

    plot scheme (esp. evil)

  • maladroit

    tactless clumsy

  • malapropism

    misuse of a word (for one that resembles it)

  • malevolence

    wishing to do evil

  • malign

    injurious speak ill of smb tell lie

  • malinger

    to fake illness or injury in order to shirk a duty

  • malleable

    yielding easily shaped moldable adapting

  • manacle

    chains for the hands or feet

  • massacre

    cruel killing of a large number of people

  • matriculation

    be admitted enter a university as a student

  • maudlin

    sentimental in a silly or tearful way

  • maul

    hurt by rough handling

  • maverick

    rebel nonconformist

  • mellifluous

    sweetly flowing

  • mendacity


  • mendicant

    a beggar

  • mercurial

    quick changeable in character fleeting

  • meretricious

    attractive on the surface but of little value

  • mesmerize


  • meticulous

    giving great attention to details

  • mettle

    quality of endurance or courage

  • mettlesome

    courageous high-spirited

  • middling

    fairly good but not very good

  • minatory

    menacing threatening

  • mince

    pronounce or speak affectedly euphemize

  • misanthrope

    person who hates mankind

  • mischievous

    harmful causing mischief

  • miser

    person who loves wealth and spends little

  • misogynist

    one who hates women/females

  • moderation

    quality of being limited not extreme

  • mollify

    make calmer or quieter

  • molt

    moult lose hair feathers before new growing

  • morbid

    diseased unhealthy (e.g.. about ideas)

  • morose

    ill-tempered unsocial

  • muffler

    cloth worn round the neck/silencer

  • multifarious

    varied motley greatly diversified

  • mundane

    worldly as opposed to spiritual commonplace everyday

  • myriad

    very great number

  • nadir

    lowest weakest point

  • nascent

    coming into existence emerging

  • nebulous

    cloud-like hazy vague indistinct

  • negligent

    taking too little care

  • neophyte

    person who has been converted to a belief

  • nexus

    a connection tie or link

  • nibble

    show some inclination to accept (an offer)

  • noisome

    offensive disgusting (smell)

  • nonchalant

    not having interest

  • nonplused

    greatly surprised

  • nostrum

    a quack remedy an untested cure

  • noxious


  • nugatory


  • obdurate

    hardened and unrepenting stubborn inflexible

  • obfuscate

    to darken make obscure muddle

  • oblivious

    unaware having no memory

  • obloquy

    abusively detractive language sharp criticism vituperation

  • obsequious

    too eager to obey or serve

  • obstreperous

    noisy loud

  • obtain

    to be established accepted or customary

  • obtrusive

    projecting prominent undesirably noticeable

  • obtuse


  • obviate

    to make unnecessary get rid of

  • occluded

    blocked up

  • odious

    repulsive hateful

  • odium

    contempt dislike aversion

  • odor

    smell favor reputation

  • officious

    too eager or ready to help offer advice

  • ominous


  • onerous

    needing effort burdensome

  • opaqueness

    dullness/not allowing light to pass through

  • opprobrious

    showing scorn or reproach

  • ossify

    to turn to bone to settle rigidly into an idea

  • ostensible

    seeming appearing as such professed

  • ostentation

    display to obtain admiration or envy

  • ostracism

    shut out from society refuse to meet talk

  • overhaul

    examine thoroughly to learn about the condition

  • overweening

    presumptuously arrogant overbearing immoderate being a jerk

  • paean

    song of praise or triumph

  • palate

    roof of the mouth sense of taste

  • palatial


  • palliate

    lessen the severity of

  • palpability

    can be felt touched understood

  • palpitate

    tremble beat rapidly and irregularly

  • panegyric

    formal praise eulogy

  • paradigm

    a model example or pattern

  • parenthesis

    sentence within another one smth separated

  • pariah

    an outcast a rejected and despised person

  • parsimonious

    too economical miserly

  • partisan

    one-sided committed to a party biased or prejudiced

  • patron

    regular customer person who gives support

  • paucity

    scarcity a lacking of

  • peccadillo

    small sin small weakness in one's character

  • pedantic

    bookish showing off learning

  • pedestrian

    commonplace trite unremarkable

  • pellucid

    transparent easy to understand

  • penchant

    strong inclination a liking

  • penitent

    feeling or showing regret

  • penurious


  • penury

    extreme poverty

  • peregrination

    traveling about wandering

  • peremptory

    urgent imperative unchallengeable ending debate

  • perfidious

    treacherous faithless

  • perfidy

    treachery breaking of faith

  • perfunctory

    done as a duty without care

  • perilous


  • peripatetic


  • perish

    be destroyed decay

  • perjury

    willful FALSE statement unlawful act

  • permeate

    spread into every part of

  • pernicious

    harmful injurious

  • perpetrate

    be guilty commit (a crime)

  • personable

    pleasing in appearance attractive

  • perspicacity

    quick judging and understanding

  • pertain

    belong as a part have reference

  • pest

    destructive thing or a person who is nuisance

  • petrified

    taken away power (to think feel act)

  • petrify

    to make hard rocklike

  • petrous

    like a rock hard stony

  • petulant

    unreasonably impatient

  • philistine

    a smug ignorant person one who lacks knowledge

  • phlegmatic

    calm sluggish temperament unemotional

  • picaresque

    involving clever rogues or adventurers

  • pied

    of mixed colors

  • pinch

    be too tight take between the thumb and finger

  • pine

    waste away through sorrow or illness

  • pious

    dutiful to parents devoted to religion

  • piquant

    agreeably pungent stimulating

  • pique

    hurt the pride or self-respect stir (curiosity)

  • pitfall

    covered hole as a trap unsuspected danger

  • pith

    essential part force soft liquid substance

  • pivotal

    of great importance (others depend on it)

  • placate

    soothe pacify calm

  • plaintive

    mournful melancholy sorrowful

  • plaque

    flat metal on a wall as a memorial

  • platitude

    a trite or banal statement unoriginality

  • plea


  • plead

    address a court of law as an advocate

  • plethora


  • pliant

    pliable easily bent shaped or twisted

  • plod

    continue doing smth without resting

  • pluck

    pull the feathers off pick (e.g.. flowers)

  • plumb

    get to the root of

  • plummet

    fall plunge steeply

  • plunge

    move quickly suddenly and with force

  • poignant

    deeply moving keen

  • poncho

    large piece of cloth

  • ponderous

    heavy bulky dull

  • portent

    omen marvelous threatening

  • precarious

    uncertain risky dangerous

  • precepts

    rules establishing standards of conduct

  • preclude

    prevent make impossible

  • precursory

    preliminary anticipating

  • predilection

    special liking mental preference

  • predominate

    have more power than others

  • preen

    tidy/show self-satisfaction

  • premature

    doing or happening smth before the right time

  • preponderance

    greatness in number strength weight

  • presage

    warning sign

  • presumption


  • preternatural

    not normal or usual

  • prevalent


  • prevaricate

    to equivocate to stray from the truth

  • prim

    neat formal

  • pristine

    primitive unspoiled pure as in earlier times unadulterated

  • probity

    uprightness incorruptibility principle

  • proclivity


  • procrastination

    keeping on putting off

  • prodigal

    wasteful reckless with money

  • prodigious

    enormous wonderful

  • profane

    worldly having contempt for God

  • profligacy

    shameless immorality

  • profligate

    wasteful prodigal licentious extravagant

  • profundity


  • profuse


  • proliferate

    grow reproduce by rapid multification

  • prolix

    tiring because too long

  • prone

    prostrate inclined to (undesirable things)

  • propagation

    increasing the number spreading extending

  • propinquity

    nearness in time or place affinity of nature

  • propitiatory

    conciliatory appeasing mitigating

  • propitious

    auspicious presenting favorable circumstances

  • prosaic

    everyday mundane commonplace trite pedestrian

  • proscribe

    denounce as dangerous

  • protracted


  • provident

    frugal looking to the future

  • provisional

    of the present time only

  • provoke

    make angry vax

  • prudence

    careful forethought

  • prudish

    easily shocked excessively modest

  • prune

    dried plum silly person

  • pry

    get smth inquire too curiously

  • pucker


  • pugnacious

    fond of in the habit of fighting

  • puissance


  • punctilious

    precise paying attention to trivialities

  • pundit

    pedant authority on a subject

  • pungency

    sharpness stinging quality

  • purvey

    provide supply

  • pusillanimous

    cowardly craven

  • putrefaction

    becoming rotten

  • pyre

    large pile of wood for burning

  • quack

    person dishonestly claiming to smth

  • quaff

    drink deeply

  • quail

    lose courage turn frightened

  • qualm

    feeling of doubt temporary feeling of sickness

  • quandary

    state of doubt or perplexity

  • quell

    suppress subdue

  • quibble

    try to avoid by sophistication

  • quiescence

    state of being passive/motionless

  • quiescent

    at rest dormant torpid

  • quirk

    habit or action peculiar to smb or smth

  • quixotic

    generous unselfish

  • quotidian

    banal everyday

  • rabble

    mob crowd the lower classes of populace

  • raconteur

    person who tells anecdotes

  • raffish

    low vulgar base tawdry

  • ramify

    to be divided or subdivided to branch out

  • rancorous

    feeling bitterness spitefulness

  • rant

    use extravagant language

  • rapacious

    greedy (esp for money)

  • rarefy

    to make thin to make less dense to purify or refine

  • rave

    act with excessive enthusiasm

  • reactionary

    opposing progress

  • rebuff


  • recalcitrant


  • recant

    take back as being FALSE give up

  • recast

    cast or fashion anew

  • recidivism

    relapse into antisocial or criminal behavior

  • reciprocity

    granting of privileges in return for similar

  • recitals

    a number of performance of music

  • recluse

    person who lives alone and avoids people

  • recompense

    make payment to reward punish

  • reconcile

    settle a quarrel restore peace

  • recondite

    little known abstruse

  • recreancy

    cowardice a cowardly giving up

  • recuperate

    become strong after illness loss exhaustion

  • redeem

    get back by payment compensate

  • redoubtable

    formidable causing fear

  • refine

    make or become pure cultural

  • refractory

    stubborn unmanageable untractable

  • refulgent

    shining brilliant

  • regale

    to delight or entertain to feast

  • regicide

    crime of killing a king

  • reiterate

    say or do again several times

  • rejuvenation

    becoming young in nature or appearance

  • relapse

    fall back again

  • remonstrate

    to protest object

  • render

    deliver provide represent

  • renovate

    restore smth to better condition

  • renowned

    celebrated famous

  • repast


  • repel

    refuse to accept/cause dislike

  • repine

    at be discontented with

  • reproach

    scold upbraid

  • reprobate

    person hardened in sin one devoid of decency

  • repudiate

    disown refuse to accept or pay

  • repulsive

    causing a feeling of disgust

  • requite

    repay give in return

  • rescind


  • resigned

    unresisting submissive

  • resilience

    quality of quickly recovering the original shape

  • resort

    to frequently visit

  • restive

    refusing to move reluctant to be controlled

  • resuscitation

    coming back to consciousness

  • retard

    check hinder

  • reticent

    reserved untalkative silent taciturn

  • revere

    have deep respect for

  • reverent

    feeling or showing deep respect

  • riddle

    puzzling person or thing

  • rift

    split crack dissension

  • rivet

    fix take up secure metal pin

  • roll

    call calling of names

  • rotund

    rich and deep plump and round

  • ruffian

    violent cruel man

  • rumple

    make rough

  • sagacious

    having sound judgment perceptive wise like a sage

  • salacious


  • salubrious


  • salutary

    remedial wholesome causing improvement

  • sanctimony

    self-righteousness hypocritical with FALSE piety

  • sanction

    approval (by authority) penalty

  • sanguine

    cheerful confident optimistic

  • sanity

    health of mind soundness of judgement

  • sash

    long strip worn round the waist

  • satiate

    satisfy fully

  • saturnine

    gloomy dark sullen morose

  • savant

    person of great learning

  • savor

    taste flavor smth

  • sawdust

    tiny bits of wood

  • scabbard

    sheath for the blade

  • scent

    smell (esp pleasant)

  • scorch

    become discolored/dry up/go at high speed

  • scribble

    write hastily

  • scurvy

    mean contemptible

  • secular

    material (not spiritual) living outside monasteries

  • sedulous


  • seminal

    like a seed constituting a source originative

  • sententious

    short and pithy full of maxims/proverbs

  • sequence

    succession connected line of

  • sere

    make hard and without feeling

  • sermon

    reproving a person for his faults

  • serrated

    having a toothed edge

  • serration

    having a toothed edge

  • servile

    like a slave lacking independence

  • sever

    break off

  • severance


  • shallow

    little depth not earnest

  • shard

    piece of broken earthenware

  • sheath

    cover for the blade of a weapon or a tool

  • shrewd

    astute showing sound judgement

  • shrill

    sharp piercing

  • shun

    keep away from avoid

  • shunt

    send from one track to another lay aside evade discussion

  • sidestep

    step to one side

  • simper

    (give a) silly/self-conscious smile

  • sinuous

    winding undulating serpentine

  • skiff

    small boat

  • skit

    short piece of humorous writing

  • slack

    sluggish dull not tight

  • slake

    to assuage to satisfy allay

  • slate

    king of blue-grey stone propose criticize

  • sluggard

    lazy slow-moving person

  • slur

    join sounds/words (indistinct)

  • smolder

    burn slowly without flame

  • snare


  • snub

    treat with contempt

  • soar

    rise fly high

  • sober


  • sobriety

    quality or condition of being sober

  • sodden

    soaked saturated

  • soggy

    heavy with water

  • solvent

    of the power of forming a solution

  • somatic

    of the body

  • soot

    black powder in smoke

  • sophisticated

    complex subtle refined

  • sophistry

    fallacious reasoning faulty logic

  • sophomoric

    self-assured though immature affected bombastic overblown

  • soporific

    producing sleep

  • sordid

    wretched comfortless contemptible

  • spear

    weapon with a metal point on a long shaft

  • specious

    illogical of questionable truth or merit

  • splenetic

    bad-tempered irritable

  • splice

    join (two ends)

  • sponge

    porous rubber for washing live at once expense

  • spurious

    FALSE counterfeit

  • spurn

    have nothing to do reject or refuse