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GRE - 1000 difficult words

GRE - 1000 difficult words

Last update 

1000 difficult GRE words

Items (1000)

  • abate

    to lessen, to subside

  • abdication

    giving up control authority

  • abet

    help/encourage somebody (in doing wrong)

  • abeyance

    suspended action

  • abidance

    the state of abiding; abode; continuance; compliance (with)

  • abject

    hopeless, most unfortunate or miserable

  • abjure

    promise or swear to give up

  • abraded

    rubbed off worn away by friction

  • abrogate

    repeal or annul by authority

  • absonous

    inharmonious, incongruous, discordant

  • abstruse

    difficult to comprehend, obscure, esoteric, recondite

  • abut

    border on

  • acarpous

    worn out, effete, no longer fertile

  • accolade

    praise, approval, encomium

  • accretion

    the growing of separate things into one ; increase by natural growth

  • admonish /-nitory

    warn strongly, take to task / containing warning

  • adulation

    excessive praise, flattery, sycophancy

  • affable

    polite and friendly

  • affiance

    give to (in marriage) ; assure by promise

  • afterwise

    Wise after the event, wise or knowing when it is too late

  • agglutination

    clumping of bacteria/red cells when held together by antibodies; glueing

  • agog


  • ail

    trouble, be ill

  • alacrity

    eager and cheerful readiness

  • allegiance

    duty, support, loyalty

  • altruism

    quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others, selflessness

  • amalgamate

    to combine several elements into a whole

  • ambidextrous

    able to use the left hand or the right equally well

  • ambiguous

    having two contrary meanings, equivocal

  • ambivalent

    characterized by opposite feelings or emotions

  • ambulatory

    (pertaining to legs) able to walk about, ambulant

  • ambuscade

    act of concealing yourself and lying in wait to attack by surprise, ambush

  • ameliorate

    improve make better

  • amenable

    ageeable; responsive to suggestion; changeable

  • amortize

    end (a debt) by setting aside money

  • anachronism

    something out of place i.t.o. its historical or chronological context

  • annals

    chronological record of events in successive years, chronicles

  • antithetical

    direct opposing

  • aplomb


  • apochryphal

    false, spurious, fallacious

  • apostate

    one who abandons long-held religious or political convictions

  • apotheosis

    deification, glorification to godliness

  • appellation

    identifying words by which something is classified, designation

  • apprise

    make aware of, give information or notice to ; Gain in value (of currency)

  • apprise

    give notice to inform

  • approbation

    approval, commendation

  • appropriate

    confiscate, invade

  • apropos

    appropriate to the situation, apt, felicitous

  • apt

    well-suited, quick-witted, pertinent

  • arabesque

    a complex ornate design

  • arboreal

    of connected with trees

  • ardor

    enthusiasm, fervour, zeal

  • argot

    jargon slang

  • arrant

    in the highest degree

  • arrogate

    demand as being one's property, seize and take control without authority

  • ascetic

    practicing religious self-denial, austere, stark

  • ascribe

    consider to be the origin of or belonging to

  • aseptic

    surgically clean

  • asperity

    hardship, something hard to endure; harshness, irritability,

  • aspersion

    slander, calumny

  • asseverate

    state categorically, make a positive statement or solemn declaration

  • assiduous

    diligent, hard-working, sedulous

  • assuage

    make something (pain desire) less

  • astringent

    substance that shrinks

  • atonement

    repayment, death of Jesus

  • attenuate

    make thin. Weaken, enervate

  • attune

    bring into harmony

  • augury

    omen sign, prediction

  • august

    majestic venerable

  • austere

    severely moral and strict, simple and plain, ascetic, stark

  • avarice

    greed, esp for wealth

  • avatar

    incarnation ; new personification of a familiar idea

  • aver

    affirm, assert, prove, justify

  • aversion

    strong dislike

  • avid

    eager, greedy, zealous for something

  • avow

    admit, declare openly

  • awry

    twisted toward one side, off course ; not functioning properly

  • axiom / axiomatic

    a universally accepted principle; self evident truth, taken as given

  • bacchanalian

    drunken merrymaking

  • baleful

    harmful, causing evil, ominous, pernicious, baneful, pestilent

  • baneful

    causing harm or ruin, sinister, ominous, pernicious, baleful

  • barrage

    artificial obstacle built across a river

  • barren

    not good enough, unable to have young ones without value

  • bedizen

    to adorn, especially in a cheap and showy manner

  • belabor

    beat hard

  • belie

    be in contradiction with, represent falsely, negate, contradict

  • bellicose

    warlike, belligerent, pugnacious, contentious

  • belligerent

    (person nation) waging war

  • benediction

    act of praying for divine protection, blessing

  • benevolence

    wish or activity in doing good

  • bequest

    arrangement to give something at death, legacy, inheritance

  • berate

    scold sharply, reproach, vituperate, upbraid

  • bereft

    rob or dispossess of something (material)

  • beset

    surrounded to be attacked by all sides, besieged ; plagued

  • bilge

    bulge; sides of the vessel that curve in to form the bottom (ship)

  • binge

    Overeat or eat immodestly; make a pig of oneself

  • blandishment

    flattery, coaxing, enticement

  • blithe

    cheerful, casual, carefree, insouciant, nonchalant

  • boorish

    crude, offensive, rude

  • brazen

    made of brass

  • broach

    bring up, announce, begin to talk about, initiate

  • brook

    to tolerate, endure

  • bucolic

    charachteristic of rural areas/people (like a village/r !!), rustic, pastoral

  • burgeon

    to expand, grow and flourish

  • burnish

    to polish rub to a shine

  • cabal

    a scheme or plot a group of plotters

  • cacophony / -nous

    a loud harsh or strident noise

  • cadence

    recurrent rhythmical series, rhythm, a 'beat'

  • cadge

    to beg to get by begging

  • cajole

    use flattery or deceit to persuade

  • calcify

    to change into a hard, stony condition, petrify

  • calipers

    metal supports attached to the legs measuring instrument

  • callow

    immature, inexperienced, unsophisticated, fledgling, naïve

  • calumny

    slander, aspersion

  • cannon

    code of laws or set of principles (usually religious in nature)

  • cant

    insincere talk/jargon

  • capitulate

    to surrender, give up

  • capricious

    unpredictable, erratic, changing one's mind impulsively, whimsical

  • captious


  • caret

    mark used by an author to indicate where something is to be inserted

  • carousal

    drunken revel, a merry drinking party

  • castigate / -ion

    to chastise correct by punishing / severe punishment

  • cathartic

    strongly laxative, stimulates evacuation of the bowels (shitting), purgative

  • caucus

    a closed political meeting

  • caustic

    biting, sarcastic (in speech), satire

  • censure

    expression of blame or disapproval, a rebuke

  • centurion

    leader of a unit of 100 soldiers

  • chagrin

    strong feelings of embarrassment, vexation, shame / to hurt the pride of

  • chary

    cautious, wary

  • chastened

    corrected punished

  • chastisement


  • chicanery

    legal trickery, deception, shenanigan, guile, foxiness / false argument

  • choleric

    quickly aroused to anger, irascible

  • chronicles

    chronological record of events in successive years, annals

  • churl

    bad-tempered person

  • clamor

    shout, complain with a lot of noise

  • cloture

    closing device (in Parliament) to end a debate by voting

  • cloy

    To fill to satiety, to stuff full, to clog ; to overload, to burden

  • coagulation

    change to a thick and solid state

  • coalescing

    coming together and uniting into one substance

  • coda

    passage that concludes a piece of music, finale (analogous to epilogue)

  • coddle

    treat with care and tenderness

  • codicil

    an addition to a will, appendix, supplement

  • coeval

    of the same period, contemporary, coetaneous

  • cogent

    strong convincing

  • cogitate

    think deeply, mediate

  • cognizant

    being fully aware of

  • colander

    bowl-shaped vessel with many holes used to drain off water

  • collusion

    secret agreement for a deceitful purpose

  • commensurate

    equivalent, corresponding in size or degree ; fitting, appropriate to

  • commingle

    mix together different elements

  • commodious

    having plenty of space for what is needed

  • compendium

    a concise but comprehensive summary of a larger work, collection

  • complacent / ncy

    self-satisfied, contented to a fault / feeling of self-satisfaction, smug

  • complaisance

    tending to comply, willingness to please, obliging, deference

  • compunction

    feeling of regret for one's action, contrite

  • conceit

    over-high opinion of, too much pride

  • concord

    agreement or harmony

  • confluence

    flowing together, place where two things come together

  • confound

    be confusing or perplexing to, cause to be unable to think clearly

  • congeal

    make or become gelatinous, stiff and solid

  • congenial

    suitable to your needs or similar to your nature, agreeble, friendly

  • congenital

    present from birth but not necessarily hereditary, inherent

  • conjoin

    to join together

  • consternation

    surprise and fear dismay

  • consummate

    perfect, make perfect, complete ; of marriages

  • contemn

    to scorn or despise

  • contentious

    argumentative, combative, quarrelsome, pugnacious, bellicose

  • contiguous

    touching, neighboring, near, adjoining

  • continence

    self-restraint; sexual chastity

  • contrite

    filled with deep sorrow for wrongdoing, compunction

  • contumacious

    insubordinate, rebellious

  • conundrum

    a riddle, dilemma, enigma

  • convivial

    friendly, occupied with or fond of the pleasures of good company

  • convoke

    call together, summon

  • convoluted

    complicated, coiled, twisted, labyrinthine

  • cornucopia

    abundant supply

  • corporeal

    pertaining to the body, somatic

  • corroborate / -tion

    Support with evidence, confirm / additional strengthening, evidence

  • coruscate

    glitter; scintillate; be lively or brilliant or exhibit virtuosity

  • countenance

    to favor or approve of

  • countervail


  • covetous

    eagerly desirous

  • cower

    crouch shrink back

  • coy

    shy, modest (esp of a girl)

  • crass

    so unrefined as to be lacking in discrimination and sensibility (stupidity)

  • cravat

    piece of linen worn as a necktie

  • craven

    cowardly person, pusillanimous

  • culpable

    deserving blame (of a crime)

  • curmudgeon

    bad-tempered person

  • cursory

    quick, hurried, perfunctory

  • dainty

    pretty, delicate (food) ; difficult to please

  • dawdler

    person who is slow, waste of time

  • dearth

    shortage, sacarcity, paucity

  • debacle

    A sudden and violent collapse, sudden disaster

  • debilitate

    make weak (w.r.t. health)

  • decimate

    kill in large numbers (one in every ten), annihilate

  • decorum / -rous

    propriety, properness / proper

  • decrepitude

    state of deterioration due to old age or long use, dilapidation

  • decry

    disapprove of

  • defer

    postpone, delay ; submit to another's wish or opinion

  • deference / tial

    showing respect, regardful of another's wishes

  • delineate

    to portray, depict, sketch out, define, describe

  • deluge

    great flood, heavy rush of water / to flood, inundate

  • demagogue

    person appealing not to reasons but to emotions, rabble-rouser

  • demur

    to hesitate, raise objections

  • denigrate

    defame, belittle, sully, disparage, detract

  • denouement

    an outcome or solution the unraveling of a plot

  • deposition

    dethronement, depositing

  • deprave

    make morally bad corrupt

  • deprecate

    protest against, express disapproval of, inveigh, deplore

  • dereliction

    deserting and leaving to fall into ruins

  • derision

    ridicule, scorn, treat with contempt

  • descry

    catch sight of, see something in the distance

  • desiccate / nt

    dehydrate / substance used to absorb moisture

  • desuetude

    cessation of use disuse

  • desultory

    aimless haphazard digressing at random

  • detraction

    criticism, slandering, verbal attack, aspersion, calumny

  • detumescence

    diminishing or lessening of swelling

  • diaphanous

    transparent gauzy

  • diatribe

    violent verbal attack, tirade, malediction, obloquy, jeremiad, fulmination

  • dichotomy

    Being twofold, a classification into two opposed subclasses, duality

  • didactic

    intended to teach or instruct

  • diffidence


  • digression

    a message that departs from the main subject, wandering off

  • dilapidate

    Bring into a condition of decay by neglect or misuse

  • dilate

    speak comprehensively, become wider, large

  • dilatory

    tending to cause delay, procrastinating

  • dilettante

    one with amateur or superficial interest in a subject, dabbler

  • dirge

    hymn of mourning performed as a memorial to a dead person, lament

  • disabuse

    to set right, undeceive

  • discern / -ing

    see with an effort but clearly, perceive, recognize / shrewd; discriminating

  • discomfit

    confuse embarrass

  • disconcert

    upset the self-possession of

  • disconsolate

    sad beyond comforting; incapable of being consoled

  • discordant

    conflicting in sound, disharmonious, dissonant

  • discountenance

    refuse to approve of

  • discourse

    speech, lecture

  • discreet


  • discrepancy

    A difference between conflicting facts or claims or opinions

  • disdain

    look on with contempt

  • disencumber

    free from encumbrance

  • disheveled


  • disingenuous

    sophisticated, artful, trying to deceive, cunning

  • disinter

    dig up from the earth (inter = bury)

  • disparage / -ging

    to belittle, denigrate / derogative

  • disparate

    essentially different, unlike

  • disproof

    proof to the contrary

  • disquisition

    an elaborate analytical or explanatory essay or discussion

  • dissemble

    speak or behave so as to hide something (in mind)

  • disseminate

    distribute (esp. ideas)

  • dissent

    have a different opinion refuse to assent

  • dissimulate

    pretend; conceal by feigning, as of feelings

  • dissolute

    lewd, debauched, degenerate, dissipated, libertine, profligate

  • distend

    to swell, expand

  • divest

    take away possessions from someone, deprive of status

  • divestiture

    An order to an offending party to rid itself of property

  • divulge

    make known something secret, disclose

  • doggerel

    trivial, poorly constructed verse

  • dolt

    stupid fellow

  • dote

    show much fondness, excessive attention, Be senile due to old age

  • dour

    stubbornly unyielding, pertinacious ; dull, sullen, gloomy, saturnine

  • drawl

    slow way of speaking by drawing out the vowels

  • droll


  • drone

    male bee, person who isn't self-employed

  • dulcet

    melodious, harmonious

  • duress

    threats to compel somebody

  • ebullient / ce

    overflowing with enthusiasm / exuberance, outburst of feeling

  • eclectic

    composed of elements drawn from various sources, compiled

  • ecumenical

    representing the whole Christian world, of worldwide scope

  • edacious

    devouring, voracious, ravenous, rapacious

  • effete

    marked by excessive self-indulgence and moral decay

  • efficacy / cious

    production of a desired result, productive, efficient, effective

  • effluvia

    outflow in a stream of particles a noxious odor or vapor

  • effrontery

    boldness, impudence, arrogance

  • egress

    reappearance of a celestial body after an eclipse, the act of coming out

  • elegy

    a lament, a melancholy composition, dirge

  • emaciate

    make thin and weak

  • emancipate

    free from slavery or servitude,give equal rights to minorities, manumit

  • embellish

    make beautiful

  • emolient

    soothing (esp to the skin), mollify

  • emote

    stir up, excite

  • emulate

    to simulate, imitate ; strive to equality

  • encapsulate

    enclose in capsule

  • encomium

    warm or glowing praise, eulogy, panegyric, accolade

  • encumbrance

    burden things that get on the way of

  • endearing

    making dear or liked

  • endemic

    epidemic ; prevailing to people living in a particular location

  • enervate

    weaken, deprive of strength, attenuate

  • engender

    cause, produce, give rise to

  • ennui

    dissatisfaction and restlesness as a result of boredom

  • ensign

    flag/badge, commisioned rank below lieutenent junior

  • entangle

    put into difficulties

  • enthral

    please greatly, astound, enslave (fig)

  • entreat

    ask earnestly, beseech

  • enunciate

    pronounce (words) ; express a theory

  • ephemeral

    brief, fleeting, evanescent

  • epicurean

    one who is devoted to pleasure (sensuous enjoyment), hedonist

  • epigram

    a witty statement

  • epilogue

    short passage/speech after the end of a book/play, antonym of prologue

  • epistle


  • epithet


  • epitome

    summary, abstract, synopsis, prologue / standard example, paradigm

  • equable

    steady, regular

  • equanimity

    calmness of temperament

  • equipoise

    equal distribution of weight, equilibrium

  • equivocal / ate

    having a double meaning, suspicious / try to deceive, prevaricate

  • erudite

    learned, scholarly

  • escapade

    prank, any carefree episode, wild and exciting undertaking

  • eschew


  • esoteric

    abstruse, obscure, intended only for a small circle of people

  • espouse

    marry give one's support to

  • evanescent

    tending to disappear like vapour, vanishing, ephemeral, fleeting

  • evince

    to show clearly, to indicate

  • exacerbate

    to make worse

  • exacting

    demanding, rigorous, fastidious

  • excoriate

    severely criticize

  • exhort

    to strongly urge, force

  • exigent / -ncy

    urgent / emergency, an urgent situation

  • expatiate

    to roam wander freely

  • expedient

    likely to be useful for a purpose, practical

  • expiation

    ending, expiring

  • expostulate

    argue earnestly, to dissuade, correct or protest

  • expurgate

    to remove obscenity, purify, censor, bowdlerize

  • exscind

    to cut out, cut away

  • extant

    still in existence

  • extempore / risation

    without previous thought or preparation / improvisation, impromptu

  • extenuate

    reduce the strength of, lessen seriousness, partially excuse

  • extirpate

    to destroy, exterminate, cut out, exscind

  • extol

    praise highly, laud, exalt

  • extralegal

    outside the law

  • extricable

    that can be freed

  • extrovert

    cheerful person

  • exuberance

    state of growing vigorously being full of life

  • facetious

    humorous, funny, jocular

  • fallacious

    based on error, apocryphal

  • farcical

    absurd, ludicrous

  • fatuous

    without sense, foolish, self-satisfaction

  • fawn

    young deer, try to win somebody's favour, pander, toady, grovel

  • fealty

    loyalty that citizens owe to their country, allegiance

  • feckless

    lacking purpose or vitality, ineffective, careless

  • fecund


  • feign

    make believe, a pretence of, simulate, sham, dissemble

  • feint


  • felicitous

    apt, suitably expressed well chosen, apropos

  • felon

    person guilty of murder

  • ferment

    become agitated ; organic molecule splitting into simpler substances

  • ferocity

    savage, cruelty

  • ferret

    discover by searching search

  • fervid / vent

    showing earnest feeling, zealous, vehement

  • fervor

    warmth of feelings, earnestness

  • fetid

    stinking, malodorous, putrid, foetid

  • fetter

    to shackle, put in chains, to restrain

  • fidelity

    loyalty; accuracy of sound reproduction

  • figurehead

    carved image on the prow of a ship

  • filibuster

    intentional obstruction (esp to delay legislatve action)

  • flag

    droop, sink, or settle from or as if from pressure or loss of tautness

  • flak

    criticism, aspersion, calumny, excoriation ; anti-aircraft guns

  • fledge / -ed

    grow feathers, of birds, ant. of molt / able to fly, trained, experienced

  • fledgling

    young and inexperienced, young bird that has become capable of flying

  • fleeting

    lasting for a markedly brief time, moving past swiftly, antonym of perennial

  • flinch

    draw, move back, wince

  • flout

    reject, mock, to go against (tradition), sneer

  • foible

    defect of character (a person is wrongly proud)

  • foment

    put something warm (to lessen pain) ; to stir up public opinion, instigate

  • foppish

    like a man who pays too much attention to his clothes

  • forage

    food for horses and cattle

  • forbear / ance

    refrain from, be patient, ancestor / patience, willingness to wait

  • ford

    shallow place in a river (to cross)

  • forestall

    prevent by taking action in advance, preempt

  • forswear

    renounce, disallow, repudiate

  • fortuitous

    happening by fortunate accident or chance, serendipitous

  • fractious

    stubbornly resistant to authority, refractory ; Easily irritated or annoyed

  • fritter

    spend frivolously and unwisely, profligate, spendthrift

  • froward

    not willing to yield or comply, stubborn, intransigence, intractable

  • fulgent

    shining intensely, dazzling

  • fulmination

    bitter protest, tirade, malediction, obloquy, jeremiad, diatribe

  • fulsome

    disgusting, offensive due to excessiveness

  • furtive

    marked by stealth, covert, clandestine, surreptitious

  • gaffe

    socially awkward or tactless act, rustic, gaucherie

  • gainsay

    to deny, to oppose

  • gamut

    complete extent or range, plethora

  • garble

    make unfair selection from facts

  • garish

    gaudy, tastelessly showy, tawdry, raffish

  • garner

    to gather and save to store up

  • garrulous / lity

    too talkative, loquacious, effusive / talkativeness

  • gaucherie

    socially awkward, tactless behavior

  • germane

    relevant, pertinent to, apt

  • gesticulate

    to wave one's arms

  • gird

    encircle or bind ; put a girdle on or around ; bind with something round

  • glean

    gather facts in small quantities

  • glib

    ready and smooth but not sincere

  • gloat

    over look at with selfish delight

  • glut

    supply to much fill to excess

  • gnaw

    waste away, bite steadily

  • goad

    to urge on

  • gossamer

    soft light delicate material, antonym of ponderous

  • gouge

    tool for cutting grooves in wood

  • grandiloquent

    Lofty in style, magniloquent, pompous, pontifical, portentous, overblown

  • gratuitous

    voluntary, free

  • gregarious

    living in societies, liking the company, social

  • gristle

    tough elastic tissue; mostly converted to bone in adults

  • grouse

    to complain, grumble

  • grovel

    crawl humble oneself , fawn, pander, to be toady

  • hack

    cut roughly / hired horse

  • hackneyed

    commonplace by overuse, trite, banal, platitude, clichèd

  • halcyon

    calm and peaceful

  • hallow

    to make holy consecrate

  • hapless


  • harangue

    a long passionate, forceful speech

  • harbinger

    something or somebody that foretells the coming of, warning signs

  • harrow

    to distress, create stress or torment

  • hedonism / t / tic

    devotion to pleasure of the senses / pleasure seeker / epicurean

  • hegemony

    dominance of one state or ideology over another

  • hermetic

    sealed by fusion

  • hew

    make by hard work cut (by striking)

  • highbrow

    (person) with superior tastes

  • hirsute

    hairy, shaggy

  • histrionic

    overly dull, characteristic of acting or a stage performance, melodramatic

  • hoi polloi

    the masses, the rabble

  • holster

    leather case for a pistol, sheath

  • homiletics

    act of preaching

  • hone

    stone used for sharpening tools

  • hoodwink

    trick, mislead, Influence by slyness

  • hubris

    arrogant, pride

  • husk

    worthless outside part of anything

  • hyperbole

    an exaggerated statement used as figure of speech

  • iconoclast

    person who attacks popular beliefs

  • idiosyncrasy

    personal mannerism

  • idiosyncrasy / -atic

    behavioral attribute that is distinctive to an individual / private

  • idyll

    a serene episode of pastoral or romantic charm ; bucolic

  • ignoble

    dishonorable common undignified

  • ignominious

    shameful dishonorable undignified disgraceful

  • imbroglio

    complicated and embarrassing situation

  • immutable

    that cannot be changed

  • impecunious

    having little or no money

  • impede

    hinder, get in the way of

  • impediment

    something that hinders (e.g. stammer)

  • imperious

    commanding, haughty, arrogant

  • impetuous

    having sudden energy, impulsive, forceful ; haste, precipitous

  • impiety

    lack of reverence or dutifulness

  • implicate

    show that somebody has a share

  • importune

    beg urgently or insistently, plead

  • imprecate

    to invoke or conjure a curse (as an insult), malediction

  • impromptu

    without preparation, extempore

  • impudent

    rash, indiscreet

  • impugn

    attack as false or wrong, challenge

  • impunity

    immunity from punishment or penalty

  • impute

    to attribute to a cause or source ascribe

  • inadvertent

    accidental, unintentional

  • inane

    silly, senseless

  • inasmuch

    since because

  • incarcerate

    to imprison

  • inchoate

    not yet fully formed, elementary, rudimentary, amorphous ; incipient

  • incipient

    beginning, emerging, partly in existence, inchoate

  • incise

    engrave make a cut in

  • incumbent/s / -ncy

    official who holds an office/official duties / term of office, tenure

  • incursion

    a raid, a sudden attack

  • indefatigability

    not easily exhaustible tirelessness

  • indelible

    that cannot be rubbed out

  • indigent / -nce

    poor / poverty

  • indolent / -nce

    lazy / laziness, sloth, acedia

  • indomitable

    not easily discouraged or subdued

  • inebriety

    habitual intoxication

  • ineffable

    too great to be described in words

  • ineluctable

    certain inevitable

  • inept / ineptitude

    unskillful said or done at the wrong time / quality of being unskillful

  • inexorable

    not placated or appeased, unsusceptible to persuasion, intransigent

  • infelicitous

    unfortunate, inappropriate

  • infuse

    put, pour, fill

  • inimical

    harmful or unfriendly, antagonistic, dissident

  • inimitable

    defying imitation, unmatchable

  • innocuous

    causing no harm

  • insalubrious / ity

    unhealthy, debilitating / unwholesomeness, debilitation

  • insignia

    badge worn by soldier to show official position

  • insipid

    without taste or flavor, bland, vapid

  • insolvent

    unable to pay dept, bankrupt

  • insouciant

    blithely unconcerned, carefree, indifferent, nonchalant

  • instantiate

    represent by an instance or a concrete example

  • insularity

    narrow-mindedness, state of being isolated or detached

  • intemperence

    lack of restraint or moderation; addiction to alcohol

  • interdict

    prohibit forbid

  • intermittent

    marked by regular intervals

  • intersperse

    place here and there

  • intractable

    obstinate, unmanageable, froward, refractory, recalcitrant, intransigent

  • intransigent / ce

    uncompromising, , adamant, inexorable / stubbornness, intractability

  • intrepid

    fearless, brave, undaunted

  • inundate

    flood cover by overflowing, submerge, engulf, deluge

  • inured

    accustomed to adapted

  • invective

    abusive language curses, vituperation

  • inveigh

    to attack verbally denounce deprecate

  • inveigle

    to obtain by deception or flattery

  • inveterate

    deep-rooted, habitual, chronic, long-established, wonted

  • involute


  • irascible

    irritable, easily angered, choleric

  • ire


  • irksome

    tiresome, bothersome, irritating

  • irresolute

    hesitating, undecided

  • irrevocable

    final and unalterable

  • itinerate

    to travel from place to place to peregrinate

  • jaded

    tired, fatigued

  • jeremiad

    long and mournful complaint / an expression of grievance

  • jingoism

    an appeal intended to arouse patriotic emotions, fanatical patriotism

  • jocular

    meant as a joke

  • juxtapose

    to place side by side

  • labyrinth / -ine

    Complex system of pathways where it is easy to get lost / highly intricate

  • lachrymose

    causing tears, tearful

  • laconic

    rudely abrupt, blunt, brusk, brusque, curt

  • laconic

    using few words, concise, terse, pithy, compendious, sententious

  • lament

    feel great sorrow ; mournful speech or hymn, elegy, dirge

  • languish

    lose vigor, health, or flesh, as through grief ; become feeble

  • lassitude

    weariness, tiredness

  • latent

    potentially existing but not presently evident or realized, not active

  • lechery

    unrestrained indulgence in sexual activity, gross lewdness, lustfulness

  • lethargic

    drowsy, lazy; indifferent

  • levee

    formal reception / embankment , dam

  • levity

    lack of seriousness

  • libel

    statement that damages reputation

  • libertine

    immoral person

  • lien

    legal claim until a debt on it is repaid

  • limn

    paint, portray

  • lint

    cotton or linen fabric used to dress wounds

  • lionize

    treat as a famous person

  • lithe

    bending twisting

  • loll

    rest to sit or stand in a lazy way hang (dog's tongue)

  • lope

    move along with long strides

  • loquacious

    talkative, garrulous, effusive

  • lucubrate

    write in scholarly fashion

  • luculent

    easily understood lucid clear

  • lugubrious

    mournful, excessively sad

  • lumber

    move in a clumsy/noisy way

  • macabre

    gruesome, suggesting death

  • macerate

    make or become soft by soaking in water

  • machination

    plot, scheme (esp. evil)

  • magnanimity

    quality of being noble in mind and heart, forgiving, munificence, largess

  • magnate

    a very wealthy or powerful businessman, tycoon

  • maladroit

    tactless, clumsy

  • malaise

    unease, physical discomfort

  • malapropism

    misuse of a word (for one that resembles it)

  • malevolence

    wishing to do evil, antonym of benevolence

  • malinger

    to fake illness or injury in order to shirk a duty

  • manacle

    chains for the hands or feet

  • mandate

    order; charge, assign authority to

  • manumit

    free from slavery or servitude, liberate, emancipate

  • martinet

    someone who demands exact conformity to rules, disciplinarian

  • matriculation

    be admitted, enter a university as a student (after 12th year)

  • maudlin

    sentimental in a silly or tearful way

  • maul

    hurt by rough handling

  • maverick

    rebel, nonconformist

  • mawkish

    effusively or insincerely emotional, sickeningly sentimental (soap opera's)

  • mellifluous

    sweetly flowing

  • mendacity

    dishonesty, antonym of veracity

  • mendicant

    a beggar

  • mercurial

    quick changeable in character; lasting for a brief time, fleeting

  • meretricious

    attractive on the surface but of little value (skin-deep beauty)

  • mesmerize


  • mettle / -some

    quality of endurance or courage / courageous, high-spirited

  • middling

    fairly good but not very good

  • militate

    have force or influence; bring about an effect or change

  • minatory

    menacing, threatening

  • mince

    pronounce or speak affectedly, euphemize

  • misanthrope

    person who hates mankind

  • misdemeanor

    a crime less serious than a felony, offense, violation, infringement

  • misogynist

    one who hates women/females

  • mitigate

    to make less severe or intense, moderate, relieve, palliate, assuage

  • mollify

    make calmer or quieter, assuage, alleviate

  • molt

    moult lose hair feathers before new growing

  • monolithic

    characterized by massiveness and rigidity and uniformity, monumental

  • morbid

    diseased, unhealthy (e.g.. about ideas)

  • mordant

    harshly ironic or sinister

  • motility

    the power of having the inherent power of motion (eg. Animals, etc)

  • muffler

    cloth worn round the neck / silencer

  • multifarious

    varied, motley, greatly diversified

  • munificence

    quality of being extremely generous, magnanimity, largess

  • nadir

    lowest point on celestial sphere, extreme state of adversity, ant. of zenith

  • natty

    marked by smartness in dress and manners

  • nebulous

    cloud-like, hazy, vague, indistinct

  • nefarious

    wicked, vile

  • neologism

    a new word, expression, or usage

  • neophyte

    person who has been converted to a belief

  • nepotism


  • nexus

    a connection tie or link, alliance

  • nibble

    show some inclination to accept (an offer)

  • nihilism

    no right or wrong ; the delusion that everything is unreal

  • noisome

    offensive disgusting (smell)

  • non sequitur

    a conclusion that does not follow from the facts stated, irrelevant reply

  • nonchalant

    not having interest

  • nondescript

    lacking distinct or individual characteristics; dull and uninteresting

  • nonplused

    greatly surprised

  • nostrum

    a quack remedy an untested cure

  • noxious

    harmful, injurious

  • nuance

    a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude, subtlety

  • nugatory


  • obdurate

    hardened and unrepenting stubborn inflexible

  • obeisance

    act of obeying, dutiful or submissive behavior with respect to another person

  • obfuscate

    to darken make obscure muddle

  • obloquy

    abusively detractive language, slander, vituperation, calumny,aspersion

  • obsequious

    too eager to obey or serve

  • obstreperous

    noisy loud

  • obtain

    to be established accepted or customary, axiom

  • obtrusive

    projecting, prominent, undesirably noticeable

  • obtuse


  • obviate

    to make unnecessary get rid of

  • occluded

    blocked up

  • odium / odius

    contempt, dislike, aversion / repulsive, hateful

  • officious

    too eager or ready to help or offer advice

  • ominous

    threatening, fore-shadowing ill fortune

  • omnipotent / -nce

    having unlimited power, all-powerful

  • omniscient / -nce

    having unlimited knowledge, infinitely wise, all-knowing

  • onerous

    needing effort burdensome

  • opprobrious / -ium

    showing scorn or reproach, contempt ; dishonour, shame, scurrilous

  • ossify

    to turn, to bone, to settle rigidly into an idea

  • ostensible

    seeming appearing as such professed

  • ostentatious

    vulgar display intended to attract notice and impress others, pretentious

  • ostracism

    shut out from society refuse to meet talk

  • overweening

    presumptuously arrogant, overbearing, immoderate, being a jerk

  • paean

    song of praise or triumph

  • palate

    roof of the mouth sense of taste

  • palliate

    lessen the severity of, assuage, alleviate, mitigate

  • palpability

    can be felt touched, understood, tangibility

  • palpitate

    tremble, beat rapidly and irregularly

  • paltry

    insignificant, petty, trifling

  • panegyric

    formal praise, eulogy, encomium, accolade, laurels

  • panorama

    comprehensive view, 360 degrees

  • paradigm

    a model example or pattern, prototype, epitome

  • paragon

    a model example of excellence, quintessence, apotheosis

  • pariah

    an outcast a rejected and despised person

  • parochial

    narrow, restricted, insular

  • parsimonious

    too economical, miserly, penurious

  • partisan

    one-sided committed to a party biased or prejudiced

  • paucity

    scarcity, a lacking of

  • peccadillo

    small sin, small weakness in one's character

  • pecuniary

    relating to or involving money, monetary

  • pedagogy

    the art or profession of training, teaching, instructing; education

  • pedantic

    bookish, showing off, learning

  • pediment

    triangular part above columns in Greek buildings

  • pellucid

    transparent, easy to understand

  • penchant

    strong inclination, a liking

  • penitent

    feeling or showing regret

  • penury / -urious

    extreme poverty / poor, pinched, impecunious; stingy, parsimonious

  • peregrination

    traveling about wandering

  • peremptory

    urgent, imperative, unchallengeable ending debate

  • perfidy / -fidious

    treachery, breaking of faith / treacherous, faithless

  • perfunctory

    done as a duty without care, hastily, cursory

  • peripatetic


  • perjury

    willful, FALSE statement, unlawful act

  • pernicious

    harmful, injurious

  • persiflage

    light teasing, banter

  • personable

    pleasing in appearance attractive

  • perspicacious/ -ity

    acutely insightful and wise / quick judging and astute, sagacity

  • perspicuous / -uity

    transparently clear, easily understandable / clarity, antonym of ambiguity

  • pertinent

    appropriate, having precise or logical relevance, germane, apt

  • peruse

    to examine with great care

  • pervade / -vasive

    permeate or diffuse through / tendency to spread throughout

  • petrified

    frightened as to be unable to move; stunned or paralyzed with terror

  • petrify

    to make hard rocklike ; make rigid and set into a conventional pattern

  • petrous

    like a rock hard stony

  • petulant

    unreasonably impatient

  • philanthropy

    charity, desire to do good for mankind, altruism, antonym of misanthropy

  • philistine

    a smug ignorant person one who lacks knowledge

  • phlegmatic

    calm sluggish temperament unemotional

  • picaresque

    involving clever rogues or adventurers

  • pied

    of mixed colors

  • pillory

    to punish, hold up to public scorn

  • pine

    waste away through sorrow or illness

  • pious

    dutiful to parents devoted to religion

  • piquant

    agreeably pungent, stimulating

  • pique

    hurt the pride or self-respect stir (curiosity)

  • pith

    essential part force soft liquid substance

  • pivotal

    of great importance (others depend on or "revolve around" it)

  • plaintive

    mournful, melancholy, sorrowful

  • plaque

    flat metal as a memorial usually of brass / abnormal patch on teeth

  • platitude

    a trite or banal statement, unoriginality

  • plebeian

    one of the common people, vulgar, commoner

  • plethora

    glut, Extreme excess

  • pliant

    pliable easily bent shaped or twisted

  • plod

    continue doing something without resting

  • plumb

    get to the root of

  • poignant

    deeply moving, keen

  • polemical

    controversial, argumentative

  • poncho

    large piece of cloth

  • ponderous

    heavy, bulky, dull

  • portent

    omen marvelous threatening

  • prattle

    to babble meaninglessly in an empty and idle manner

  • preamble

    preliminary introduction to a statute or constitution

  • precarious

    uncertain risky dangerous

  • precepts

    rules establishing standards of conduct

  • precipitate

    solid substance in suspension or after settling or filtering

  • precipitate / -tous

    hurl or throw violently, fall vertically, sharply, or headlong, occur abruptly

  • preclude

    prevent from happening, make impossible

  • precocious

    premature or advanced development of a child

  • precursory

    preliminary, anticipating

  • predilection

    special liking, mental preference

  • preen

    tidy / show self-satisfaction

  • preponderance

    greatness in number strength weight

  • presage

    warning sign

  • prescient / -nce

    perceiving the significance of future events / foreknowledge of events

  • presumption


  • preternatural

    not normal or usual

  • prevaricate

    to stray from the truth, to equivocate

  • prim

    neat formal

  • pristine

    primitive, unspoiled, pure, as in earlier times, unadulterated

  • probity

    uprightness, incorruptibility, principle

  • proclivity


  • procrastination

    keeping on putting off, delaying, stalling, dilly-dallying, shilly-shallying

  • prodigious

    enormous, wonderful

  • profane

    worldly; having contempt for God, blasphemous, sacrilegious

  • profligate / gacy

    wasteful, extravagant, prodigal, licentious / dissolution, dissipation

  • proliferate

    grow, reproduce by rapid multiplication

  • prolific

    bearing in abundance especially offspring; intellectually productive

  • prolix

    tiring because too long

  • propensity

    natural inclination, proclivity, aptness

  • propinquity

    property of being near in time or place; affinity of nature

  • propitiate / -tory

    appease / conciliatory, appeasing, mitigating

  • propitious

    auspicious presenting favorable circumstances

  • proscribe

    denounce as dangerous

  • proselytize

    convert to another faith or religion, evangelize

  • protracted


  • protuberance

    part of a thing that protrudes, a bulge

  • provident

    frugal, looking to the future

  • provisional

    of the present time only

  • prudence

    careful forethought, astuteness, circumspection

  • prudish

    easily shocked, excessively modest ; exaggeratedly proper, prim, prissy

  • prune

    dried plum, silly person

  • prurient

    characterized by lust, lubricious, salacious, lascivious

  • pucker


  • pugnacious

    fond of in the habit of fighting, bellicose, contentious

  • puissance


  • punctilious

    precise paying attention to trivialities

  • pundit

    pedant authority on a subject

  • pungency

    sharpness stinging quality

  • purvey

    provide supply

  • pusillanimous

    cowardly, craven

  • putrefy / -faction

    rot, decay, give off a foul odour / becoming rotten

  • quaff

    drink deeply

  • quail

    lose courage turn frightened

  • qualm

    feeling of doubt temporary feeling of sickness

  • quandary

    state of doubt or perplexity

  • quell

    suppress subdue

  • querulous

    habitually complaining, whiny, fretful

  • quibble

    try to avoid by sophistication

  • quiescent / -ence

    at rest, dormant, torpid / state of being passive, motionless

  • quintessence

    purest and most concentrated essence of something; typical model, paragon

  • quintessence

    the fifth and highest element after air and earth and fire and water

  • quirk

    habit or action peculiar to somebody or something

  • quixotic

    not sensible about practical matters, unrealistic / extravagently chivalrous

  • quotidian

    recurring daily, banal

  • rabble

    mob crowd the lower classes of populace

  • raconteur

    person who tells anecdotes

  • raffish

    low, vulgar, tawdry, garish

  • ramify

    to be divided or subdivided to branch out

  • rampant

    flourishing, spreading unchecked, violent and uncontrollable action

  • rancorous

    feeling bitterness spitefulness

  • rant

    use extravagant language

  • rapacious

    greedy (esp for money)

  • rarefy

    to make thin to make less dense to purify or refine

  • raucus

    harch, hoarse, rough sounding, strident, clamorous, vociferous

  • rave

    act with excessive enthusiasm

  • reactionary

    opposing progress

  • rebuff

    snub, reject

  • recalcitrant

    disobedient, refractory, fractious, intractable, froward

  • recant

    take back as being FALSE give up

  • recast

    cast or fashion anew

  • recidivism

    relapse into antisocial or criminal behavior

  • recitals

    a number of performance of music

  • recluse

    person who lives alone and avoids people

  • recompense

    make payment, to reward, punish

  • recondite

    little known, abstruse, obscure, esoteric

  • recreancy

    cowardice, a cowardly giving up

  • recumbent

    lying down, in a position of comfort or rest, reclining, acc/dec-umbent

  • redoubtable

    formidable causing fear

  • refractory

    stubborn, unmanageable, recalcitrant, fractious, intractable, froward

  • refulgent

    shining brilliant

  • regale

    to delight or entertain to feast

  • regicide

    crime of killing a king

  • rejuvenation

    becoming young in nature or appearance

  • relapse

    fall back again

  • relegate

    to forcibly assign to task esp. to demote

  • relinquish

    part with a possession or right, turn away from; give up (power)

  • remonstrate

    to protest object

  • render

    deliver provide represent

  • renegade

    someone who rebels and becomes an outlaw / break established customs

  • renege

    fail to fulfill a promise or obligation

  • repast


  • repine

    to be discontented with

  • reproach

    scold upbraid, berate, vituperate

  • reprobate

    person hardened in sin one devoid of decency

  • reprove

    to mildly criticize, admonish

  • repudiate

    disown refuse to accept or pay

  • requite

    repay give in return

  • rescind / -cission

    annul, repeal / The act of rescinding, (law) the cancellation of a contract

  • resigned

    unresisting submissive

  • respite

    a pause for relaxation, abatement, hiatus

  • restive

    refusing to move reluctant to be controlled

  • resuscitation

    coming back to consciousness

  • retard

    check, hinder, impede, stymie

  • reticent

    reserved, untalkative, silent, taciturn, introvert

  • revere / reverent

    have deep respect for / feeling or showing deep respect

  • rhetoric

    art of using language effectively to please or persuade; grandiloquence

  • ribald

    humorously vulgar and offensive

  • rift

    split, crack, dissension

  • risible

    arousing or provoking laughter

  • rotund

    rich and deep plump and round

  • rubric

    heading, title or category

  • rumple

    make rough

  • rustic

    characteristic of a village, ordinary, bucolic, pastoral, bumpkin

  • saccharine

    excessively sweet

  • sacrilege

    blasphemy, desecration, profanation

  • sagacious / -city

    having sound judgment, perceptive, wise like a sage/ wisdom, insight

  • salacious


  • salubrious


  • salutary

    remedial, wholesome, causing improvement

  • sanctimonious

    self-righteous, hypocritical with FALSE piety

  • sanguine

    cheerful, confident, optimistic; inclined to a healthy reddish color (blood)

  • satiate

    satisfy fully

  • satire

    witty language used to convey insults or scorn, caustic remark, sarcasm

  • saturnine

    gloomy, dark, sullen, morose

  • saucy

    rude, sassy, impudent, impertinent

  • savant

    person of great learning

  • scabbard

    sheath for the blade

  • scorch

    become discolored, dry up ; go at high speed

  • scurrilous

    expressing offensive reproach, vulgar, coarse, opprobrious

  • scurvy

    mean, contemptible

  • sedulous

    persevering, assiduous

  • seminal

    like a seed, constituting a source, originative

  • sententious

    short and pithy full of maxims/proverbs

  • sequester

    keep away from others, requisition forcibly, confiscate, approbate

  • sere

    make hard and without feeling

  • serendipity

    luck in discovering things you were not looking for, pleasant accident

  • sermon

    reproving a person for his faults

  • serrated

    having a toothed edge

  • servile

    like a slave lacking independence

  • shard

    piece of broken earthenware

  • sheath

    cover for the blade of a weapon or a tool

  • shunt

    send from one track to another lay aside evade discussion

  • sidestep

    avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing (duties, questions, or issues)

  • simper

    (give a) silly/self-conscious smile

  • sinuous

    winding, undulating, serpentine (snake-like)

  • skiff

    small boat

  • skit

    short piece of humorous writing/play

  • slack

    sluggish dull not tight

  • slake

    to satisfy, satiate ; allay , assuage

  • sluggard

    lazy slow-moving person

  • slur

    join sounds/words (indistinct)

  • smolder

    burn slowly without flame

  • snare


  • snub

    treat with contempt

  • sodden

    soaked saturated

  • solicitous

    concerned and attentive, eager

  • solvent

    able to meet financial obligations ; to dissolve another substance

  • somatic

    of the body, corporal / -eal

  • sophistry

    fallacious reasoning faulty logic

  • sophomore / -ric

    2nd-year undergrad / self-assured although immature, affected, bombastic

  • soporific

    producing sleep, somnific, somnolent, slumberous

  • sordid

    wretched, comfortless, contemptible, squalid

  • specious

    illogical of questionable truth or merit, deceptively attractive

  • spendthrift

    one who spends money wastefully, prodigal, squanderer, profligate

  • splenetic

    bad-tempered, irritable

  • splice

    join (two ends)

  • spoliation

    act of stripping and taking by force ; intentional destruction of evidence

  • sponge

    to live at anothers expense, like a parasite

  • spurn

    have nothing to do reject or refuse

  • squalor / lid

    filth, sordidness / foul, filthy

  • squander

    spend wastefully, profligate, fritter / prodigal, spendthrift

  • squat

    crouch ; settle without permission

  • stanch

    to stop the flow of a fluid

  • statute

    An act passed or enacted by a legislative body

  • stentorian

    extremely loud and powerful

  • stickler

    person who insists on importance of something

  • stigmatize

    describe somebody scornfully

  • stint

    to be thrifty, frugal, to set limits

  • stipple

    paint with dots

  • stodgy

    old fashioned, conventional and unimaginative and hence dull

  • stoic

    unaffected by pleasure or pain, unemotional ; steadfast

  • stolid

    showing no emotion, impassive, phlegmatic, stolic, apathetic

  • striated

    striped, grooved or banded

  • strut

    a supporting bar

  • stupefy

    to stun, baffle, amaze

  • stygian

    hence dark gloomy

  • stymie

    to hinder, obstruct or block

  • subdue

    overcome bring under control

  • sublime

    extreme, astounding, grand, regal, respledent, exalted

  • suborn

    induce by bribery or something to commit perjury

  • subpoena

    (sa-pi-na) written order requiring a person to appear in a low court

  • subsume

    include under a rule

  • subtle

    not obvious, hidden and devious, insidious, pernicious; difficult to discern

  • succinct

    brief, concise, pithy, terse, compendious, sententious

  • succor

    assistance, relief in time of distress

  • sullied

    to be stained or discredited

  • sumptuous


  • sundry

    various, miscellaneous, separate

  • supercilious

    disdainful, characterized by haughty scorn

  • superfluous

    more then is needed or wanted, surplus, redundant, supererogatory

  • supine

    lying on the back, slow to act, passive

  • supplant

    to take the place of, supersede

  • suppliant

    asking humbly, beseeching, suplicant

  • supplicate

    make a humble petition to

  • surcharge

    An additional charge / Rip off; ask an unreasonable price

  • surfeit

    feed to fulness or to excess, satiate

  • surreptitious

    secretive, covert, clandestine, furtive

  • suture

    (su-cher) join with a seam, as of a wound in surgery

  • sycophant

    one who seeks favour through flattery, toady, obsequious, fawn, groveler

  • tacit / taciturn

    implied without direct expression / untalkative, silent, reticent

  • talon

    claw of a bird of prey

  • tamp

    tap or drive down by repeated light blows

  • tangential

    suddenly changeable

  • tarnished

    lost brightness

  • taunt

    contemptuous reproach hurtful remark

  • taut

    tightly stretched

  • tautology

    a repetition, a redundancy

  • tawdry

    cheap, gaudy, showy, tacky, garish, raffish

  • teetotal

    oppose to alcohol

  • temerity

    boldness, brashness, intrepidness

  • temperance

    abstinence from alcohol, self-control, moderation

  • tenacity

    firmness, persistence, adhesiveness, tending to hang on

  • tenuous

    insubstantial, flimsy, weak

  • tepid


  • terse

    brief and to the point, pithy

  • testiness

    feeling easily irritated

  • thrift

    care, economy, thriving, prosperous

  • thwart


  • timorous

    fearful timid afraid

  • tirade

    harsh spech, verbal attack, diatribe, philippic, revilement, vilification

  • tithe

    a levy or tax of one tenth of something

  • toady

    flatterer, sycophant, obsequious

  • toil

    work hard

  • torpid / torpor

    sleeping, dormant; sluggish, lethargic / mental and physical sluggishness

  • tortuous

    devious/not straightforward

  • tout

    advertize in strongly positive terms, show off

  • tractable

    easily controlled or guided

  • transient

    for a brief time, fleeting, ephemeral

  • transitory

    for a brief time, temporary

  • travesty


  • trenchant

    forceful effective vigorous extremely perceptive incisive

  • trifling


  • trite

    repeated too often, banal, platitude, clichèd, hackneyed

  • truculence

    aggressiveness, ferocity

  • trudge

    walk heavily

  • turbid

    muddy, clouded with sediment ,stirred up, murky ; confused

  • turgid

    excessively ornate swollen or bloated

  • turpitude

    wickedness, shamefulness

  • tutelary

    providing protective supervision, safeguarding, custodial, custodial

  • tyro

    beginner, amateur, tiro, novice, rookie

  • ubiquitous / -ty

    being present everywhere at once, omnipresent ; constantly encountered

  • umbrage

    offense resentment

  • unbridled

    not restrained or controlled, violent

  • uncouth

    rough, awkward

  • undulate

    to move in wavelike fashion fluctuate, sinuate

  • unencumbered

    easy-going trifle

  • unfeigned

    not pretended, sincerely felt or expressed, genuine

  • untenable

    incapable of being defended or justified, not viable, indefensible

  • untoward

    unfortunate inconvenient

  • upbraid

    scold, reproach, berate, vituperate

  • urbane

    elegant refined in manners

  • uxorious

    foolishly fond of, devoted or submissive to your wife

  • vacillate

    to be uncertain, hesitate

  • vagary

    strange act or idea

  • vanquish


  • vapid

    flavourless, bland, insipid

  • variagated


  • veer

    change direction

  • vehement

    marked by extreme intensity of emotions, inclined to react violently; fervid

  • venal

    ready to do something dishonest, corrupt minded

  • veneer

    surface appearance covering the TRUE nature

  • veracity

    truthfulness, honesty

  • verdant

    fresh and green

  • verisimilitude

    appearing TRUE or real

  • veritable

    real rightly named

  • vernacular

    characteristic of everyday language, argot, colloquial / lingo of a group

  • vernal

    suggestive of youth, vigorous and fresh ; occurring in spring

  • verve

    spirit vigor enthusiasm

  • vestige

    trace or sign

  • vicarious

    experienced at secondhand, done by one as a substitute for another

  • victuals

    stock or supply of foods

  • vilify

    say evil things, slander, revile, vituperate

  • vindictive

    spiteful, showing malicious ill will and a desire to hurt

  • virago

    a loud domineering woman,a nag

  • virulent

    extremely harmful or poisionous ; hostile, antagonistic ; bitter, vitriolic

  • visceral

    of the internal organs of the body

  • vitiate

    lower the quality, weaken, corrupt morally, pollute, pervert, debase

  • vitriolic

    caustic, erosive, acerbic, virulent

  • vituperate

    curse, abuse in words, berate, upbraid, reproach

  • voluble / -bility

    fluent / fluency verbosity easy use of spoken language

  • voracious

    having an insatiable apetite, greedy, edacious, ravenous, rapacious

  • waffle

    talk vaguely and without much result

  • waft

    scent waving movement carry lightly through

  • wag

    merry person

  • warmonger

    person who stirs up war

  • wean

    to turn away (from a habit)

  • welter

    turmoil a bewildering jumble

  • wend

    to go proceed

  • wince

    show bodily or mental pain, flinch

  • wizened

    lean and wrinkled by shrinkage as from age or illness

  • wonted

    customary, habitual, inveterate

  • writ

    written order

  • yarn

    tale, story, fibers for knitting

  • yoke

    to join or link together (with a yoke)

  • yokel

    country bumpkin

  • zealous / zealot

    fervent, ardent, impassioned / one passionately devoted to a cause

  • zenith

    highest point on the imaginary celstial sphere, antonym of nadir