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Items (1000)

  • benediction

    A prayer that asks for God's blessing, especially a prayer that concludes a worship service.

  • benefactor

    Someone who helps another person or group, especially by giving money.

  • beneficiary

    A person or organization that benefits or is expected to benefit from something, especially one that receives money or property when someone dies.

  • benevolence

    Kindness, generosity.

  • amicable

    Friendly, peaceful.

  • enamored

    Charmed or fascinated; inflamed with love.

  • amorous

    Having or showing strong feelings of attraction or love.

  • paramour

    A lover, often secret, not allowed by law or custom.

  • antebellum

    Existing before a war, especially before the American Civil War (1861–65).

  • bellicose

    Warlike, aggressive, quarrelsome.

  • belligerence

    Aggressiveness, combativeness.

  • rebellion

    Open defiance and opposition, sometimes armed, to a person or thing in authority.

  • pacify

    (1) To soothe anger or agitation. (2) To subdue by armed action.

  • pacifist

    A person opposed to war or violence, especially someone who refuses to bear arms or to fight, on moral or religious grounds.

  • pact

    An agreement between two or more people or groups; a treaty or formal agreement between nations to deal with a problem or to resolve a dispute.

  • pace

    Contrary to the opinion of.

  • criminology

    The study of crime, criminals, law enforcement, and punishment.

  • decriminalize

    To remove or reduce the criminal status of.

  • incriminate

    To show evidence of involvement in a crime or a fault.

  • recrimination

    (1) An accusation in answer to an accusation made against oneself. (2) The making of such an accusation.

  • approbation

    A formal or official act of approving; praise, usually given with pleasure or enthusiasm.

  • probate

    The process of proving in court that the will of someone who has died is valid, and of administering the estate of a dead person.

  • probity

    Absolute honesty and uprightness.

  • reprobate

    A person of thoroughly bad character.

  • grave

    (1) Requiring serious thought or concern. (2) Serious and formal in appearance or manner.

  • gravitas

    Great or very dignified seriousness.

  • gravitate

    To move or be drawn toward something, especially by natural tendency or as if by an invisible force.

  • aggravate

    (1) To make (an injury, problem, etc.) more serious or severe. (2) To annoy or bother.

  • alleviate

    To lighten, lessen, or relieve, especially physical or mental suffering.

  • elevation

    (1) The height of a place. (2) The act or result of lifting or raising someone or something.

  • cantilever

    A long piece of wood, metal, etc., that sticks out from a wall to support something above it.

  • levity

    Lack of appropriate seriousness.

  • kleptomania

    A mental illness in which a person has a strong desire to steal things.

  • dipsomaniac

    A person with an extreme and uncontrollable desire for alcohol.

  • megalomaniac

    A mental disorder marked by feelings of great personal power and importance.

  • egomaniac

    Someone who is extremely self-centered and ignores the problems and concerns of others.

  • psyche

    Soul, personality, mind.

  • psychedelic

    (1) Of or relating to a drug (such as LSD) that produces abnormal and often extreme mental effects such as hallucinations. (2) Imitating the effects of psychedelic drugs.

  • psychosomatic

    Caused by mental or emotional problems rather than by physical illness.

  • psychotherapist

    One who treats mental or emotional disorder or related bodily ills by psychological means.

  • reception

    (1) The act of receiving. (2) A social gathering where guests are formally welcomed.

  • intercept

    To stop, seize, or interrupt (something or someone) before arrival.

  • perceptible

    Noticeable or able to be felt by the senses.

  • susceptible

    (1) Open to some influence; responsive. (2) Able to be submitted to an action or process.

  • confine

    (1) To keep (someone or something) within limits. (2) To hold (someone) in a location.

  • definitive

    (1) Authoritative and final. (2) Specifying perfectly or precisely.

  • finite

    Having definite limits.

  • infinitesimal

    Extremely or immeasurably small.

  • interject

    To interrupt a conversation with a comment or remark.

  • conjecture

    To guess.

  • projection

    An estimate of what might happen in the future based on what is happening now.

  • trajectory

    The curved path that an object makes in space, or that a thrown object follows as it rises and falls to earth.

  • traction

    The friction that allows a moving thing to move over a surface without slipping.

  • retract

    (1) To pull back (something) into something larger. (2) To take back (something said or written).

  • protracted

    Drawn out, continued, or extended.

  • intractable

    Not easily handled, led, taught, or controlled.

  • conducive

    Tending to promote, encourage, or assist; helpful.

  • deduction

    (1) Subtraction. (2) The reaching of a conclusion by reasoning.

  • induce

    (1) Persuade, influence. (2) Bring about.

  • seduction

    (1) Temptation to sin, especially temptation to sexual intercourse. (2) Attraction or charm.

  • sequential

    (1) Arranged in order or in a series. (2) Following in a series.

  • subsequent

    Following in time, order, or place; later.

  • consequential

    (1) Resulting. (2) Important.

  • non sequitur

    A statement that does not follow logically from anything previously said.

  • ambiguous

    (1) Doubtful or uncertain especially from being obscure or indistinct. (2) Unclear in meaning because of being understandable in more than one way.

  • ambient

    Existing or present on all sides.

  • ambivalent

    (1) Holding opposite feelings and attitudes at the same time toward someone or something. (2) Continually wavering between opposites or alternative courses of action.

  • ambit

    The range or limit covered by something (such as a law).

  • epilogue

    The final section after the main part of a book or play.

  • epiphyte

    A plant that obtains its nutrients from the air and the rain and usually grows on another plant for support.

  • epitaph

    An inscription on a grave or tomb in memory of the one buried there.

  • epithet

    (1) A descriptive word or phrase occurring with or in place of the name of a person or thing. (2) An insulting or demeaning word or phrase.

  • hypochondriac

    A person overly concerned with his or her own health who often suffers from delusions of physical disease.

  • hypoglycemia

    Abnormal decrease of sugar in the blood.

  • hypothermia

    Subnormal temperature of the body.

  • hypothetical

    (1) Involving an assumption made for the sake of argument or for further study or investigation. (2) Imagined for purposes of example.

  • thermal

    (1) Of, relating to, or caused by heat. (2) Designed to insulate in order to retain body heat.

  • thermodynamics

    Physics that deals with the mechanical actions or relations of heat.

  • thermonuclear

    Of or relating to the changes in the nucleus of atoms with low atomic weight, such as hydrogen, that require a very high temperature to begin.

  • polyp

    (1) A sea invertebrate that has a mouth opening at one end surrounded by stinging tentacles. (2) A growth projecting from a mucous membrane, as on the colon or vocal cords.

  • polyglot

    (1) One who can speak or write several languages. (2) Having or using several languages.

  • polymer

    A chemical compound formed by a reaction in which two or more molecules combine to form larger molecules with repeating structural units.

  • polygraph

    An instrument for recording changes in several bodily functions (such as blood pressure and rate of breathing) at the same time; lie detector.

  • primal

    Basic or primitive.

  • primer

    (1) A small book for teaching children to read. (2) A small introductory book on a subject.

  • primate

    Any member of the group of animals that includes human beings, apes, and monkeys.

  • primordial

    (1) First created or developed. (2) Existing in or from the very beginning.

  • homonym

    One of two or more words pronounced and/or spelled alike but different in meaning.

  • homogeneous

    (1) Of the same or a similar kind. (2) Of uniform structure or composition throughout.

  • homologous

    Developing from the same or a similar part of a remote ancestor.

  • homogenize

    (1) To treat (milk) so that the fat is mixed throughout instead of floating on top. (2) To change (something) so that its parts are the same or similar.

  • dissuade

    To convince (someone) not to do something.

  • disorient

    To cause to be confused or lost.

  • discredit

    (1) To cause (someone or something) to seem dishonest or untrue. (2) To damage the reputation of (someone).

  • dislodge

    To force out of a place, especially a place of rest, hiding, or defense.

  • carnivorous

    Meat-eating or flesh-eating.

  • herbivorous


  • insectivorous

    Feeding on insects.

  • voracious

    Having a huge appetite.

  • carnage

    Great destruction of life (as in a battle); slaughter.

  • carnal

    Having to do with bodily pleasures.

  • incarnate

    Given bodily or actual form; especially, having human body.

  • reincarnation

    (1) Rebirth in new bodies or forms of life. (2) Someone who has been born again with a new body after death.

  • credence

    Mental acceptance of something as true or real; belief.

  • credible

    (1) Able to be believed; reasonable to trust or believe. (2) Good enough to be effective.

  • credulity

    Readiness and willingness to believe on the basis of little evidence.

  • credo

    (1) A statement of the basic beliefs of a religious faith. (2) A set of guiding principles or beliefs.

  • affidavit

    A sworn statement made in writing.

  • diffident

    Lacking confidence; timid, cautious.

  • fiduciary

    (1) Having to do with a confidence or trust. (2) Held in trust for another.

  • perfidy

    Faithlessness, disloyalty, or treachery.

  • concurrent

    Happening or operating at the same time.

  • cursory

    Hastily and often carelessly done.

  • discursive

    Passing from one topic to another.

  • precursor

    One that goes before and indicates the coming of another.

  • quadruped

    An animal having four feet.

  • pedigree

    The line of ancestors of a person or animal.

  • impediment

    Something that interferes with movement or progress.

  • pedestrian

    Commonplace, ordinary, or unimaginative.

  • deflect

    To turn aside, especially from a straight or fixed course.

  • reflective

    (1) Capable of reflecting light, images, or sound waves. (2) Thoughtful.

  • genuflect

    To kneel on one knee and then rise as an act of respect.

  • inflection

    (1) A change in the pitch, tone, or loudness of the voice. (2) The change in form of a word showing its case, gender, number, person, tense, mood, voice, or comparison.

  • posterior

    Situated toward or on the back; rear.

  • posthumous

    (1) Published after the death of the author. (2) Following or happening after one's death.

  • postmodern

    Having to do with a movement in architecture, art, or literature that is a reaction against modernism and that reintroduces traditional elements and techniques in odd contexts as well as elements from popular culture.

  • postmortem

    (1) Occurring after death. (2) Following the event.

  • malevolent

    Having or showing intense ill will or hatred.

  • malicious

    Desiring to cause pain, injury, or distress to another.

  • malign

    To make harsh and often false or misleading statements about.

  • malnourished

    Badly or poorly nourished.

  • cataclysm

    (1) A violent and massive change of the earth's surface. (2) A momentous event that results in great upheaval and often destruction.

  • catacomb

    An underground cemetery of connecting passageways with recesses for tombs.

  • catalyst

    (1) A substance that speeds up a chemical reaction or lets it take place under different conditions. (2) Someone or something that brings about or speeds significant change or action.

  • catatonic

    (1) Relating to or suffering from a form of schizophrenia. (2) Showing an unusual lack of movement, activity, or expression.

  • protagonist

    The main character in a literary work.

  • protocol

    (1) A code of diplomatic or military rules of behavior. (2) A set of rules for the formatting of data in an electronic communications system.

  • protoplasm

    The substance that makes up the living parts of cells.

  • prototype

    (1) An original model on which something is patterned. (2) A first, full-scale, usually working version of a new type or design.

  • antechamber

    An outer room that leads to another and is often used as a waiting room.

  • antedate

    (1) To date something (such as a check) with a date earlier than that of actual writing. (2) To precede in time.

  • antecedent

    (1) A word or phrase that is referred to by a pronoun that follows it. (2) An event or cause coming before something.

  • anterior

    (1) Located before or toward the front or head. (2) Coming before in time or development.

  • orthodontics

    A branch of dentistry that deals with the treatment and correction of crooked teeth and other irregularities.

  • orthodox

    (1) Holding established beliefs, especially in religion. (2) Conforming to established rules or traditions; conventional.

  • orthopedics

    The correction or prevention of deformities of the skeleton.

  • orthography

    The spelling of words, especially spelling according to standard usage.

  • rectitude

    Moral integrity.

  • rectify

    To set right; remedy.

  • rectilinear

    (1) Moving in or forming a straight line. (2) Having many straight lines.

  • directive

    Something that guides or directs; especially, a general instruction from a high-level body or official.

  • eugenic

    Relating to or fitted for the production of good offspring through controlled breeding.

  • euphemism

    An agreeable or inoffensive word or expression that is substituted for one that may offend or disgust.

  • euphoria

    A strong feeling of well-being or happiness.

  • eulogy

    (1) A formal speech or writing especially in honor of a dead person. (2) High praise.

  • dystopia

    An imaginary place where people lead dehumanized and often fearful lives.

  • dyslexia

    A disturbance or interference with the ability to read or to use language.

  • dyspeptic

    (1) Relating to or suffering from indigestion. (2) Having an irritable temperament; ill-humored.

  • dysplasia

    Abnormal development of cells or organs, or an abnormal structure resulting from such growth.

  • equable

    (1) Tending to remain calm. (2) Free from harsh changes or extreme variation.

  • adequacy

    Being equal to some need or requirement.

  • equilibrium

    (1) A state in which opposing forces are balanced so that one is not stronger or greater than the other. (2) A state of emotional balance or calmness.

  • equinox

    A day when day and night are the same length.

  • inquisition

    A questioning or examining that is often harsh or severe.

  • perquisite

    (1) A privilege or profit that is provided in addition to one's base salary. (2) Something claimed as an exclusive possession or right.

  • acquisitive

    Eager to acquire; greedy.

  • requisition

    A demand or request (such as for supplies) made with proper authority.

  • plenary

    (1) Including all who have a right to attend. (2) Complete in all ways.

  • complement

    (1) Something that fills up or makes perfect; the amount needed to make something complete. (2) A counterpart.

  • deplete

    To reduce in amount by using up.

  • replete

    Fully or abundantly filled or supplied.

  • metric

    (1) Relating to or based on the metric system. (2) Relating to or arranged in meter.

  • meter

    (1) The basic metric unit of length, equal to about 39.37 inches. (2) A systematic rhythm in poetry or music.

  • odometer

    An instrument used to measure distance traveled.

  • tachometer

    A device used to measure speed of rotation.

  • auditor

    A person who formally examines and verifies financial accounts.

  • auditory

    (1) Perceived or experienced through hearing. (2) Of or relating to the sense or organs of hearing.

  • audition

    A trial performance to evaluate a performer's skills.

  • inaudible

    Not heard or capable of being heard.

  • sonic

    (1) Having to do with sound. (2) Having to do with the speed of sound in air (about 750 miles per hour).

  • dissonant

    (1) Clashing or discordant, especially in music. (2) Incompatible or disagreeing.

  • resonance

    (1) A continuing or echoing of sound. (2) A richness and variety in the depth and quality of sound.

  • ultrasonic

    Having a frequency higher than what can be heard by the human ear.

  • errant

    (1) Wandering or moving about aimlessly. (2) Straying outside proper bounds, or away from an accepted pattern or standard.

  • aberrant

    Straying or differing from the right, normal, or natural type.

  • erratic

    (1) Having no fixed course. (2) Lacking in consistency.

  • erroneous

    Mistaken, incorrect.

  • cede

    To give up, especially by treaty; yield.

  • concede

    To admit grudgingly; yield.

  • accede

    (1) To give in to a request or demand. (2) To give approval or consent.

  • precedent

    Something done or said that may be an example or rule to guide later acts of a similar kind.

  • vista

    (1) A distant view. (2) An extensive mental view, as over a stretch of time.

  • visionary

    (1) A person with foresight and imagination. (2) A dreamer whose ideas are often impractical.

  • envisage

    To have a mental picture of; visualize.

  • aspect

    (1) A part of something. (2) A certain way in which something appears or may be regarded.

  • prospect

    (1) The possibility that something will happen in the future. (2) An opportunity for something to happen.

  • perspective

    (1) Point of view; the angle, direction, or standpoint from which a person looks at something. (2) The art or technique of painting or drawing a scene so that objects in it seem to have depth and distance.

  • prospectus

    A printed statement that describes something (such as a new business or a stock offering) and is sent out to people who may be interested in buying or investing.

  • equivocate

    (1) To use ambiguous language, especially in order to deceive. (2) To avoid giving a direct answer.

  • irrevocable

    Impossible to call back or retract.

  • advocate

    To speak in favor of.

  • vociferous

    Making noisy or emphatic outcries.

  • phonics

    A method of teaching beginners to read and pronounce words by learning the characteristic sounds of letters, letter groups, and especially syllables.

  • phonetic

    Relating to or representing the sounds of the spoken language.

  • polyphonic

    Referring to a style of music in which two or more melodies are sung or played against each other in harmony.

  • cacophony

    Harsh or unpleasant sound.

  • curative

    Having to do with curing diseases.

  • curator

    Someone in charge of something where things are on exhibit, such as a collection, a museum, or a zoo.

  • procure

    To get possession of; obtain.

  • sinecure

    A job or position requiring little work but usually providing some income.

  • perimeter

    The boundary or distance around a body or figure.

  • periodontal

    Concerning or affecting the tissues around the teeth.

  • peripatetic

    (1) Having to do with walking. (2) Moving or traveling from place to place.

  • peripheral

    (1) Having to do with the outer edges, especially of the field of vision. (2) Secondary or supplemental.

  • sensor

    A device that detects a physical quantity (such as a movement or a beam of light) and responds by transmitting a signal.

  • desensitize

    To cause (someone or something) to react less to or be less affected by something.

  • extrasensory

    Not acting or occurring through any of the known senses.

  • sensuous

    (1) Highly pleasing to the senses. (2) Relating to the senses.

  • sophistry

    Cleverly deceptive reasoning or argument.

  • sophisticated

    (1) Having a thorough knowledge of the ways of society. (2) Highly complex or developed.

  • sophomoric

    Overly impressed with one's own knowledge, but in fact undereducated and immature.

  • theosophy

    A set of teachings about God and the world based on mystical insight, especially teachings founded on a blend of Buddhist and Hindu beliefs.

  • portage

    The carrying of boats or goods overland from one body of water to another; also, a regular route for such carrying.

  • portfolio

    (1) A flat case for carrying documents or artworks. (2) The investments owned by a person or organization.

  • comport

    (1) To be in agreement with. (2) To behave.

  • deportment

    Manner of conducting oneself socially.

  • pendant

    Something that hangs down, especially as an ornament.

  • append

    To add as something extra.

  • appendage

    (1) Something joined on to a larger or more important body or thing. (2) A secondary body part, such as an arm or a leg.

  • suspend

    (1) To stop something, or to force someone to give up some right or position, for a limited time. (2) To hang something so that it is free on all sides.

  • panacea

    A remedy for all ills or difficulties; cure-all.

  • pandemonium

    A wild uproar or commotion.

  • pantheism

    A system of belief that regards God as identical with the forces and laws of the universe.

  • panoply

    (1) A magnificent or impressive array. (2) A display of all appropriate accessory items.

  • extradite

    To deliver an accused criminal from one place to another where the trial will be held.

  • extrapolate

    To extend or project facts or data into an area not known in order to make assumptions or to predict facts or trends.

  • extrovert

    A person mainly concerned with things outside him- or herself; a sociable and outgoing person.

  • extraneous

    (1) Existing or coming from the outside. (2) Not forming an essential part; irrelevant.

  • photoelectric

    Involving an electrical effect produced by the action of light or other radiation.

  • photovoltaic

    Involving the direct generation of electricity when sunlight or other radiant energy falls on the boundary between dissimilar substances (such as two different semiconductors).

  • photon

    A tiny particle or bundle of radiant energy.

  • photosynthesis

    The process by which green plants use light to produce organic matter from carbon dioxide and water.

  • lucid

    (1) Very clear and easy to understand. (2) Able to think clearly.

  • elucidate

    To clarify by explaining; explain.

  • lucubration

    (1) Hard and difficult study. (2) The product of such study.

  • translucent

    Partly transparent; allowing light to pass through without permitting objects beyond to be seen clearly.

  • mortality

    (1) The quality or state of being alive and therefore certain to die. (2) The number of deaths that occur in a particular time or place.

  • moribund

    (1) In the process of dying or approaching death. (2) Inactive or becoming outmoded.

  • amortize

    To pay off (something such as a mortgage) by making small payments over a period of time.

  • mortify

    (1) To subdue or deaden (the body) especially by self-discipline or self-inflicted pain. (2) To embarrass greatly.

  • atrophy

    (1) Gradual loss of muscle or flesh, usually because of disease or lack of use. (2) A decline or degeneration.

  • hypertrophy

    (1) Excessive development of an organ or part. (2) Exaggerated growth or complexity.

  • dystrophy

    Any of several disorders involving the nerves and muscles, especially muscular dystrophy.

  • eutrophication

    The process by which a body of water becomes enriched in dissolved nutrients.

  • adherent

    (1) Someone who follows a leader, a party, or a profession. (2) One who believes in a particular philosophy or religion.

  • cohere

    To hold together firmly as parts of the same mass.

  • incoherent

    (1) Unclear or difficult to understand. (2) Loosely organized or inconsistent.

  • inherent

    Part of something by nature or habit.

  • centrifugal

    Moving outward from a center or central focus.

  • refuge

    Shelter or protection from danger or distress, or a place that provides shelter or protection.

  • fugue

    A musical form in which a theme is echoed and imitated by voices or instruments that enter one after another and interweave as the piece proceeds.

  • subterfuge

    (1) A trick designed to help conceal, escape, or evade. (2) A deceptive trick.

  • cosmos

    (1) The universe, especially when it is viewed as orderly and systematic. (2) Any orderly system that is complete in itself.

  • cosmology

    (1) A theory that describes the nature of the universe. (2) A branch of astronomy that deals with the origin and structure of the universe.

  • microcosm

    Something (such as a place or an event) that is seen as a small version of something much larger.

  • cosmopolitan

    (1) Having international sophistication and experience. (2) Made up of persons, elements, or influences from many different parts of the world.

  • conscientious

    (1) Governed by morality; scrupulous. (2) Resulting from painstaking or exact attention.

  • nescience

    Lack of knowledge or awareness: ignorance.

  • prescient

    Having or showing advance knowledge of what is going to happen.

  • unconscionable

    (1) Not guided by any moral sense; unscrupulous. (2) Shockingly excessive, unreasonable, or unfair.

  • juncture

    (1) An important point in a process or activity. (2) A place where things join: junction.

  • adjunct

    Something joined or added to another thing of which it is not a part.

  • disjunction

    A break, separation, or sharp difference between two things.

  • conjunct

    Bound together; joined, united.

  • bipartite

    (1) Being in two parts. (2) Shared by two.

  • impartial

    Fair and not biased; treating or affecting all equally.

  • participle

    A word that is formed from a verb but used like an adjective.

  • partisan

    (1) A person who is strongly devoted to a particular cause or group. (2) A guerrilla fighter.

  • mission

    (1) A task that someone is given to do, especially a military task. (2) A task that someone considers an important duty.

  • missionary

    A person undertaking a mission, and especially a religious missionary.

  • emissary

    Someone sent out to represent another; an agent.

  • transmission

    (1) The act or process of sending something from one point to another, especially sending electrical signals to a radio, television, computer, etc. (2) The gears by which the power is passed from the engine to the axle in a motor vehicle.

  • compel

    (1) To force (someone) to do something. (2) To make (something) happen.

  • expel

    (1) To drive or force out. (2) To force to leave, usually by official action.

  • impel

    To urge or drive forward by strong moral force.

  • repel

    (1) To keep (something) out or away. (2) To drive back.

  • reputed

    Believed to be a certain way by popular opinion.

  • disrepute

    Loss or lack of good reputation; disgrace.

  • impute

    To attribute.

  • putative

    Generally supposed; assumed to exist.

  • physiology

    (1) A branch of biology dealing with the processes and activities by which living things, tissues, and cells function. (2) The life processes and activities of a living thing or any of its parts.

  • methodology

    A set of methods or rules followed in a science or field.

  • ideology

    The set of ideas and beliefs of a group or political party.

  • cardiology

    The study of the heart and its action and diseases.

  • parterre

    (1) A decorative garden with paths between the beds of plants. (2) The back area of the ground floor of a theater, often under the balcony.

  • subterranean


  • terrarium

    An enclosure, usually transparent, with a layer of dirt in the bottom in which plants and sometimes small animals are kept indoors.

  • terrestrial

    (1) Having to do with Earth or its inhabitants. (2) Living or growing on land instead of in water or air.

  • marina

    A dock or harbor where pleasure boats can be moored securely, often with facilities offering supplies or repairs.

  • aquamarine

    (1) A transparent blue or blue-green gem. (2) A pale blue or greenish blue that is the color of clear seawater in sunlight.

  • mariner

    A seaman or sailor.

  • maritime

    (1) Bordering on or having to do with the sea. (2) Having to do with navigation or commerce on the sea.

  • pathos

    (1) An element in life or drama that produces sympathetic pity. (2) An emotion of sympathetic pity.

  • apathetic

    (1) Showing or feeling little or no emotion. (2) Having no interest.

  • empathy

    The feeling of, or the ability to feel, the emotions and sensations of another.

  • telepathic

    Involving apparent communication from one mind to another without speech or signs.

  • penal

    Having to do with punishment or penalties, or institutions where punishment is given.

  • impunity

    Freedom from punishment, harm, or loss.

  • penance

    An act of self-punishment or religious devotion to show sorrow or regret for sin or wrongdoing.

  • punitive

    Giving, involving, or aiming at punishment.

  • maternity

    The state of being a mother; motherhood.

  • matriarch

    A woman who controls a family, group, or government.

  • matrilineal

    Based on or tracing the family through the mother.

  • matrix

    (1) Something (such as a situation or a set of conditions) in which something else develops or forms. (2) Something shaped like a pattern of lines and spaces.

  • aquaculture

    The farming of plants and animals (such as kelp, fish, and shellfish) that live in the water.

  • aquanaut

    A scuba diver who lives and works both inside and outside an underwater shelter for an extended time.

  • aqueduct

    (1) A pipe or channel for water. (2) A bridgelike structure for carrying water over a valley.

  • aquifer

    A layer of rock, sand, or gravel that can absorb and hold water.

  • cantata

    A musical composition, particularly a religious work from the 17th or 18th century, for one or more voices accompanied by instruments.

  • incantation

    (1) A use of spells or verbal charms spoken or sung as part of a ritual of magic. (2) A formula of words used in, or as if in, such a ritual.

  • cantor

    An official of a Jewish synagogue who sings or chants the music of the services and leads the congregation in prayer.

  • descant

    An additional melody sung above the principal melody.

  • linguistics

    The study of human speech.

  • multilingual

    Using or able to use several languages.

  • lingua franca

    A language used as a common or commercial language among peoples who speak different languages.

  • linguine

    A narrow, flat pasta.

  • spirited

    Full of energy or courage; very lively or determined.

  • dispiriting

    Causing a loss of hope or enthusiasm.

  • respirator

    (1) A device worn over the nose and mouth to filter out dangerous substances from the air. (2) A device for maintaining artificial respiration.

  • transpire

    (1) To happen. (2) To become known.

  • verify

    (1) To prove to be true or correct. (2) To check or test the accuracy of.

  • aver

    To state positively as true; declare.

  • verisimilitude

    (1) The appearance of being true or probable. (2) The depiction of realism in art or literature.

  • veracity

    (1) Truth or accuracy. (2) The quality of being truthful or honest.

  • turbid

    (1) Thick or murky, especially with churned-up sediment. (2) Unclear, confused, muddled.

  • perturb

    To upset, confuse, or disarrange.

  • turbine

    A rotary engine with blades made to turn and generate power by a current of water, steam, or air under pressure.

  • turbulent

    (1) Stirred up, agitated. (2) Stirring up unrest, violence, or disturbance.

  • voluble

    Speaking readily and rapidly; talkative.

  • devolve

    ((1) To pass (responsibility, power, etc.) from one person or group to another person or group at a lower level of authority. (2) To gradually go from an advanced state to a less advanced state.

  • evolution

    A process of change from a lower, simpler, or worse state to one that is higher, more complex, or better.

  • convoluted

    (1) Having a pattern of curved windings. (2) Involved, intricate.

  • factor

    Something that contributes to producing a result: ingredient.

  • factotum

    A person whose job involves doing many different kinds of work.

  • facile

    (1) Easily accomplished. (2) Shallow, superficial.

  • facilitate

    To make (something) easier; to make (something) run more smoothly.

  • lumen

    In physics, the standard unit for measuring the rate of the flow of light.

  • luminous

    (1) Producing or seeming to produce light. (2) Filled with light.

  • bioluminescent

    Relating to light given off by living organisms.

  • luminary

    A very famous or distinguished person.

  • umber

    (1) A darkish brown mineral containing manganese and iron oxides used for coloring paint. (2) A color that is greenish brown to dark reddish brown.

  • adumbrate

    (1) To give a sketchy outline or disclose in part. (2) To hint at or foretell.

  • penumbra

    (1) The partial shadow surrounding a complete shadow, as in an eclipse. (2) The fringe or surrounding area where something exists less fully.

  • umbrage

    A feeling of resentment at some slight or insult, often one that is imagined rather than real.

  • divest

    (1) To get rid of or free oneself of property, authority, or title. (2) To strip of clothing, ornaments, or equipment.

  • investiture

    The formal placing of someone in office.

  • transvestite

    A person, especially a male, who wears the clothing and adopts the mannerisms of the opposite sex.

  • travesty

    (1) An inferior or distorted imitation. (2) A broadly comic imitation in drama, literature, or art that is usually grotesque and ridiculous.

  • apotheosis

    (1) Transformation into a god. (2) The perfect example.

  • atheistic

    Denying the existence of God or divine power.

  • pantheon

    (1) A building serving as the burial place of or containing memorials to the famous dead of a nation. (2) A group of notable persons or things.

  • theocracy

    (1) Government by officials who are regarded as divinely inspired. (2) A state governed by a theocracy.

  • iconic

    (1) Symbolic. (2) Relating to a greatly admired and successful person or thing.

  • iconoclast

    (1) A person who destroys religious images or opposes their use. (2) A person who attacks settled beliefs or institutions.

  • iconography

    (1) The imagery and symbolism of a work of art or an artist. (2) The study of artistic symbolism.

  • urbane

    Sophisticated and with polished manners.

  • exurban

    Relating to a region or settlement that lies outside a city and usually beyond its suburbs and often is inhabited chiefly by well-to-do families.

  • interurban

    Going between or connecting cities or towns.

  • urbanization

    The process by which towns and cities are formed and become larger as more and more people begin living and working in central areas.

  • acculturation

    (1) Modification of the culture of an individual, group, or people by adapting to or borrowing traits from another culture. (2) The process by which a human being acquires the culture of a particular society from infancy.

  • horticulture

    The science and art of growing fruits, vegetables, flowers, or ornamental plants.

  • subculture

    A group whose beliefs and behaviors are different from the main groups within a culture or society.

  • demographic

    Having to do with the study of human populations, especially their size, growth, density, and patterns of living.

  • endemic

    (1) Found only in a given place or region. (2) Often found in a given occupation, area, or environment.

  • demagogue

    A political leader who appeals to the emotions and prejudices of people in order to arouse discontent and to advance his or her own political purposes.

  • demotic

    Popular or common.

  • populist

    A believer in the rights, wisdom, or virtues of the common people.

  • populace

    (1) The common people or masses. (2) Population.

  • populous

    Numerous, densely settled, or having a large population.

  • vox populi

    Popular sentiment or opinion.

  • accord

    (1) To grant. (2) To be in harmony; agree.

  • concord

    (1) A state of agreement: harmony. (2) A formal agreement.

  • cordial

    Warm, friendly, gracious.

  • discordant

    Being at odds, conflicting, not in harmony.

  • culpable

    Deserving to be condemned or blamed.

  • exculpate

    To clear from accusations of fault or guilt.

  • inculpate

    To accuse or incriminate; to show evidence of someone's involvement in a fault or crime.

  • mea culpa

    An admission of personal fault or error.

  • diction

    (1) Choice of words, especially with regard to correctness, clearness, or effectiveness. (2) Clarity of speech.

  • edict

    (1) An official announcement that has the force of a law. (2) An order or command.

  • jurisdiction

    (1) The power or right to control or exercise authority. (2) The territory where power may be exercised.

  • dictum

    A formal and authoritative statement.

  • cognitive

    (1) Having to do with the process of knowing, including awareness, judgment, and understanding. (2) Based on factual knowledge that has been or can be gained by experience.

  • agnostic

    A person who believes that whether God exists is not known and probably cannot be known.

  • incognito

    In disguise, or with one's identity concealed.

  • prognosis

    (1) The chance of recovery from a given disease or condition. (2) A forecast or prophecy.

  • calligraphy

    The art of producing beautiful handwriting.

  • hagiography

    (1) Biography of saints. (2) Biography that idealizes or idolizes.

  • choreography

    (1) The art of composing and arranging dances and of representing them in symbolic notation. (2) The movements by dancers in a performance.

  • lithograph

    A picture made by printing from a flat surface (such as a smooth stone) prepared so that the ink will only stick to the design that will be printed.

  • artful

    (1) Skillful. (2) Wily, crafty, sly.

  • artifact

    A usually simple object made by human workmanship, such as a tool or ornament, that represents a culture or a stage in a culture's development.

  • artifice

    (1) Clever skill. (2) A clever trick.

  • artisan

    A skilled worker or craftsperson.

  • fortify

    To strengthen.

  • fortification

    (1) The building of military defenses to protect a place against attack. (2) A structure built to protect a place.

  • forte

    Something that a person does particularly well; one's strong point.

  • fortitude

    Mental strength that allows one to face danger, pain, or hardship with courage.

  • concise

    Brief and condensed, especially in expression or statement.

  • excise

    To cut out, especially surgically.

  • incisive

    Impressively direct and decisive.

  • precision

    Exactness and accuracy.

  • encrypt

    (1) To convert into cipher. (2) To convert a message into code.

  • cryptic

    (1) Mysterious; puzzlingly short. (2) Acting to hide or conceal.

  • cryptography

    (1) Secret writing. (2) The encoding and decoding of messages.

  • abscond

    To depart in secret and hide.

  • abstemious

    Restrained, especially in the consumption of food or alcohol.

  • abstraction

    The consideration of a thing or idea without associating it with a particular example.

  • abstruse

    Hard to understand; deep or complex.

  • pedagogy

    The art, science, or profession of teaching.

  • pedant

    (1) A formal, unimaginative teacher. (2) A person who shows off his or her learning.

  • pediatrician

    A doctor who specializes in the diseases, development, and care of children.

  • encyclopedic

    (1) Of or relating to an encyclopedia. (2) Covering a wide range of subjects.

  • tropism

    Automatic movement by an organism unable to move about from place to place, especially a plant, that involves turning or growing toward or away from a stimulus.

  • entropy

    (1) The decomposition of the matter and energy in the universe to an ultimate state of inactive uniformity. (2) Chaos, randomness.

  • heliotrope

    Any of a genus of herbs or shrubs having small white or purple flowers.

  • psychotropic

    Acting on the mind.

  • neoclassic

    Relating to a revival or adaptation of the styles of ancient Greece and Roman, especially in music, art, or architecture.

  • Neolithic

    Of or relating to the latest period of the Stone Age, when polished stone tools were used.

  • neoconservative

    A conservative who favors strongly encouraging democracy and the U.S. national interest in world affairs, including through military means.

  • neonatal

    Of or relating to babies in the first month after their birth.

  • novice

    (1) One who has no previous training or experience in a specific field or activity; beginner. (2) A new member of a religious order who is preparing to become a nun or monk.

  • novel

    (1) New and not resembling something formerly known or used. (2) Original and striking, especially in conception or style.

  • innovation

    (1) A new idea, device, or method. (2) The introduction of new ideas, devices, or methods.

  • supernova

    (1) The explosion of a star that causes it to become extremely bright. (2) Something that explodes into prominence or popularity.

  • impose

    (1) To establish or apply as a charge or penalty or in a forceful or harmful way. (2) To take unfair advantage.

  • juxtapose

    To place side by side.

  • transpose

    (1) To change the position or order of (two things). (2) To move from one place or period to another.

  • superimpose

    To put or place one thing over something else.

  • tenure

    (1) The amount of time that a person holds a job, office, or title. (2) The right to keep a job, especially the job of teacher or professor.

  • tenacious

    Stubborn or determined in clinging to something.

  • tenable

    Capable of being held or defended; reasonable.

  • tenet

    A widely held principle or belief, especially one held in common by members of a group or profession.

  • monogamous

    Being married to one person or having one mate at a time.

  • monoculture

    (1) The cultivation of a single crop to the exclusion of other uses of land. (2) A culture dominated by a single element.

  • monolithic

    (1) Appearing to be a huge, featureless, often rigid whole. (2) Made up of material with no joints or seams.

  • monotheism

    The worship of a single god.

  • unicameral

    Having only one lawmaking chamber.

  • unilateral

    (1) Done by one person or party; one-sided. (2) Affecting one side of the body.

  • unison

    (1) Perfect agreement. (2) Sameness of musical pitch.

  • unitarian

    Relating or belonging to a religious group that believes that God exists only in one person and stresses individual freedom of belief.

  • terminal

    (1) Forming or relating to an end or limit. (2) Fatal.

  • indeterminate

    Not precisely determined; vague.

  • interminable

    Having or seeming to have no end; tiresomely drawn out.

  • terminus

    (1) The end of a travel route (such as a rail or bus line), or the station at the end of a route. (2) An extreme point; tip.

  • geocentric

    Having or relating to the Earth as the center.

  • geophysics

    The science that deals with the physical processes and phenomena occurring especially in the Earth and in its vicinity.

  • geostationary

    Being or having an orbit such that a satellite remains in a fixed position above the Earth, especially having such an orbit above the equator.

  • geothermal

    Of, relating to, or using the natural heat produced inside the Earth.

  • spherical

    Relating to a sphere; shaped like a sphere or one of its segments.

  • stratosphere

    (1) The part of the earth's atmosphere that extends from about seven to about 30 miles above the surface. (2) A very high or the highest region.

  • biosphere

    (1) The part of the world in which life can exist. (2) Living things and their environment.

  • hemisphere

    Half a sphere, especially half the global sphere as divided by the equator or a meridian.

  • divert

    (1) To turn from one purpose or course to another. (2) To give pleasure to by distracting from burdens or distress.

  • converter

    A device that changes something (such as radio signals, radio frequencies, or data) from one form to another.

  • avert

    (1) To turn (your eyes or gaze) away or aside. (2) To avoid or prevent.

  • revert

    (1) To go back or return (to an earlier state, condition, situation, etc.). (2) To be given back to (a former owner).

  • amorphous

    Without a definite shape or form; shapeless.

  • anthropomorphic

    (1) Having or described as having human form or traits. (2) Seeing human traits in nonhuman things.

  • metamorphosis

    (1) A physical change, especially one supernaturally caused. (2) A developmental change in an animal that occurs after birth or hatching.

  • morphology

    (1) The study of the structure and form of plants and animals. (2) The study of word formation.

  • format

    (1) The shape, size, and general makeup of something. (2) A general plan, arrangement, or choice of material.

  • conform

    (1) To be similar or identical; to be in agreement or harmony. (2) To follow ordinary standards or customs.

  • formality

    (1) An established custom or way of behaving that is required or standard. (2) The following of conventional rules.

  • formative

    (1) Giving or able to give form or shape; constructive. (2) Having to do with important growth or development.

  • doctrine

    (1) Something that is taught. (2) An official principle, opinion, or belief.

  • docent

    (1) Teacher, lecturer. (2) A person who leads guided tours, especially through a museum.

  • doctrinaire

    Tending to apply principles or theories without regard for practical difficulties or individual circumstance.

  • indoctrinate

    (1) To teach, especially basics or fundamentals. (2) To fill someone with a particular opinion or point of view.

  • tutorial

    (1) A class for one student or a small group of students. (2) An instructional program that gives information about a specific subject.

  • tuition

    (1) The act of teaching; instruction. (2) The cost of or payment for instruction.

  • intuition

    (1) The power of knowing something immediately without mental effort; quick insight. (2) Something known in this way.

  • tutelage

    Instruction or guidance of an individual; guardianship.

  • dichotomy

    (1) A division into two often contradictory groups. (2) Something with qualities that seem to contradict each other.

  • dimorphic

    Occurring in two distinguishable forms (as of color or size).

  • duplex

    (1) Having two principal elements; double. (2) Allowing electronic communication in two directions at the same time.

  • duplicity

    Deception by pretending to feel and act one way while acting in another.

  • bipartisan

    Involving members of two political parties.

  • binary

    (1) Consisting of two things or parts; double. (2) Involving a choice between two alternatives.

  • biennial

    (1) Occurring every two years. (2) Continuing or lasting over two years.

  • bipolar

    Having two opposed forces or views; having two poles or opposed points of attraction.

  • topical

    (1) Designed for local application to or treatment of a bodily part. (2) Referring to the topics of the day.

  • ectopic

    Occurring or originating in an abnormal place.

  • utopian

    Relating to an imaginary place in which the government, laws, and social conditions are perfect.

  • topography

    (1) The art of showing the natural and man-made features of a region on a map or chart. (2) The features of a surface, including both natural and man-made features.

  • eccentric

    (1) Not following an established or usual style or conduct. (2) Straying from a circular path; off-center.

  • epicenter

    (1) The location on the earth's surface directly above the focus of an earthquake. (2) The center or focus of activity.

  • egocentric

    Overly concerned with oneself; self-centered.

  • ethnocentric

    Marked by or based on the attitude that one's own group is superior to others.

  • dominion

    (1) An area over which one rules; domain. (2) Supreme authority.

  • predominant

    Greater in importance, strength, influence, or authority.

  • domineering

    Tending to control the behavior of others in a bossy manner.

  • domination

    (1) Supremacy or power over another. (2) The exercise of governing or controlling influence.

  • omnivore

    An animal that eats both plants and other animals.

  • omnipotent

    Having complete or unlimited power; all-powerful.

  • omnibus

    Of or including many things.

  • omniscient

    Knowing everything; having unlimited understanding or knowledge.

  • holistic

    Relating to or concerned with wholes or with complete systems rather than with the analysis of, treatment of, or dissection into parts.

  • hologram

    A three-dimensional image reproduced from a pattern of interference produced by a beam of radiation such as a laser.

  • Holocene

    Of, relating to, or being the present geologic epoch.

  • holocaust

    (1) (usually capitalized) The mass slaughter of European civilians and especially Jews by the Nazis during World War II. (2) A thorough destruction involving extensive loss of life, especially through fire.

  • retroactive

    Intended to apply or take effect at a date in the past.

  • retrofit

    To furnish something with new or modified parts or equipment that was optional or unavailable at the time of manufacture.

  • retrogress

    To return to an earlier and usually worse or more primitive state.

  • retrospective

    A generally comprehensive exhibition or performance usually covering an artist's output to date.

  • temporal

    (1) Having to do with time as opposed to eternity; having to do with earthly life as opposed to heavenly existence. (2) Having to do with time as distinguished from space.

  • contemporary

    (1) Occurring or existing during the same period of time. (2) Having to do with the present period; modern or current.

  • extemporaneous

    (1) Composed, performed, spoken, or done on the spur of the moment; impromptu or improvised. (2) Carefully prepared but delivered without notes.

  • temporize

    (1) To act in a way that fits the time or occasion; to give way to current opinion. (2) To draw out discussions to gain time.

  • chronic

    (1) Lasting a long time or recurring frequently. (2) Always present; constantly annoying or troubling; habitual.

  • chronology

    (1) A sequence of events in the order they occurred. (2) A table, list, or account that presents events in order.

  • anachronism

    (1) The error of placing a person or thing in the wrong time period. (2) A person or thing that is out of its own time.

  • synchronous

    (1) Happening or existing at exactly the same time; simultaneous. (2) Recurring or acting at exactly the same intervals.

  • triad

    (1) A group of three usually related people or things. (2) A secret Chinese criminal organization.

  • trilogy

    A series of three creative works that are closely related and develop a single theme.

  • triceratops

    One of a group of large dinosaurs that lived during the Cretaceous period and had three horns, a bony crest or hood, and hoofed toes.

  • trident

    A three-pronged spear, especially one carried by various sea gods in classical mythology.

  • trimester

    (1) A period of about three months, especially one of three such periods in a human pregnancy. (2) One of three terms into which an academic year is sometimes divided.

  • trinity

    (1) (capitalized) The unity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as three persons in one God in Christian belief. (2) A group of three people.

  • triptych

    (1) A picture or carving made in the form of three panels side by side. (2) Something composed or presented in three sections.

  • trivial

    Of little value or importance.

  • animated

    (1) Full of life; lively, vigorous, active. (2) Seeming or appearing to be alive.

  • magnanimous

    (1) Showing a lofty and courageous spirit. (2) Generous and forgiving.

  • animosity

    Ill will or resentment.

  • inanimate

    (1) Not alive; lifeless. (2) Not lively; dull.

  • figurative

    (1) Representing form or figure in art. (2) Saying one thing in terms normally meaning or describing another thing.

  • configuration

    An arrangement of parts or elements; shape, design.

  • effigy

    An image of a person, especially a crude representation of a hated person.

  • figment

    Something made up or imagined.

  • annuity

    Money that is payable yearly or on some regular basis, or a contract providing for such payment.

  • superannuated

    (1) Outworn, old-fashioned, or out-of-date. (2) Forced to retire because of old age or infirmity.

  • millennium

    (1) A period of time lasting 1,000 years, or the celebration of a 1,000-year anniversary. (2) A period of great happiness and perfection on earth.

  • perennial

    (1) Continuing to grow for several years. (2) Enduring or continuing without interruption.

  • coeval

    Having the same age or lasting the same amount of time; contemporary.

  • longevity

    (1) A long duration of life. (2) Length of life; long continuance.

  • medieval

    (1) Relating to the Middle Ages of European history, from about A.D. 500 to 1500. (2) Extremely out-of-date.

  • primeval

    (1) Having to do with the earliest ages; primitive or ancient. (2) Existing from the beginning.

  • corporeal

    Having or relating to a physical body; substantial.

  • corpulent

    Having a large, bulky body; obese.

  • corporal

    Relating to or affecting the body.

  • incorporate

    (1) To blend or combine into something already existing to form one whole. (2) To form or form into a corporation.

  • tact

    The ability to deal with others without offending them.

  • tactile

    (1) Able to be perceived by touching. (2) Relating to the sense of touch.

  • tangential

    Touching lightly; incidental.

  • tangible

    Able to be perceived, especially by touch; physical, substantial.

  • codex

    A book in handwritten form, especially a book of Scripture, classics, or ancient texts.

  • codicil

    (1) An amendment or addition made to a will. (2) An appendix or supplement.

  • codify

    To arrange according to a system; classify.

  • decode

    (1) To put a coded message into an understandable form. (2) To find the underlying meaning of; decipher.

  • signify

    (1) To be a sign of something; to mean something. (2) To show or make known, especially by a sign.

  • insignia

    A badge of authority or honor; a distinguishing sign or mark.

  • signatory

    A person or government that signs an agreement with others; especially a government that agrees with others to abide by a signed agreement.

  • signet

    (1) A seal used instead of a signature to give personal or official authority to a document. (2) A small engraved seal, often in the form of a ring.

  • quadrant

    (1) A quarter of a circle. (2) Any of the four quarters into which something is divided by two lines intersecting at right angles.

  • quadrille

    A square dance popular in the 18th and 19th century, made up of five or six patterns for four couples.

  • quadriplegic

    Paralyzed in both arms and both legs.

  • quartile

    One of four equal groups each containing a quarter of a statistical population.

  • tetracycline

    A yellow broad-spectrum antibiotic.

  • tetrahedron

    A solid shape formed by four flat faces.

  • tetralogy

    A set of four connected literary, artistic, or musical works.

  • tetrapod

    A vertebrate with two pairs of limbs.

  • capitalism

    An economic system based on private ownership, private decisions, and open competition in a free market.

  • capitulate

    To surrender or stop resisting; give up.

  • decapitate

    (1) To cut off the head; behead. (2) To destroy or make useless.

  • recapitulate

    To repeat or summarize the most important points or stages.

  • anthropoid

    Any of several large, tailless apes.

  • anthropology

    The science and study of human beings.

  • misanthropic

    Hating or distrusting humans.

  • lycanthropy

    (1) A delusion that one has become a wolf. (2) Transformation into a wolf through witchcraft or magic.

  • kinesiology

    The scientific study of human movement.

  • hyperkinetic

    (1) Relating to or affected with hyperactivity. (2) Characterized by fast-paced or frantic activity.

  • kinescope

    A motion picture made from an image on a picture tube.

  • telekinesis

    The movement of objects without contact or other physical means, as by the exercise of an occult power.

  • dynamic

    (1) Relating to physical force or energy. (2) Continuously and productively active and changing; energetic or forceful.

  • dynamo

    (1) A power generator, especially one that produces direct electric current. (2) A forceful, energetic person.

  • aerodynamics

    (1) A science that studies the movement of gases such as air and the way that objects move through such gases. (2) The qualities of an object that affect how easily it is able to move through the air.

  • hydrodynamic

    Having to do with the science that studies fluids in motion and the forces that act on bodies surrounded by fluids.

  • gradation

    (1) A series made up of successive stages. (2) A step in an ordered scale.

  • degrade

    (1) To treat someone or something poorly and without respect. (2) To make the quality of something worse.

  • gradient

    (1) Slope, grade. (2) A continuous change in measure, activity, or substance.

  • retrograde

    (1) Moving or performed in a direction that is backward or opposite to the usual direction. (2) Moving toward a worse or earlier state.

  • regimen

    A regular course of treatment, usually involving food, exercise, or medicine.

  • interregnum

    (1) The time during which a throne is vacant between two successive reigns or regimes. (2) A period during which the normal functions of government or control are suspended.

  • regalia

    (1) The emblems and symbols of royalty. (2) Special or official dress.

  • regency

    A government or period of time in which a regent rules in place of a king or queen.

  • criterion

    A standard by which a judgment or decision is made.

  • critique

    A judgment or evaluation, especially a rating or discussion of merits and faults.

  • hypercritical

    Overly critical.

  • hematocrit

    The ratio of the volume of red blood cells to whole blood.

  • jurisprudence

    (1) A system of law. (2) The study and philosophy of law.

  • abjure

    To reject formally.

  • perjury

    The crime of telling a lie under oath.

  • de jure

    Based on or according to the law.

  • pentathlon

    An athletic contest in which each athlete competes in five different events.

  • Pentateuch

    The first five books of the Old Testament, traditionally said to have been written by Moses.

  • pentameter

    A line of poetry consisting of five metrical feet.

  • Pentecostal

    Of or relating to any of various fundamentalist sects that stress personal experience of God and vocal expression in worship.

  • quincentennial

    A 500th anniversary, or the celebration of such an event.

  • quintessential

    Representing the purest or most perfect example of something.

  • quintet

    (1) A musical piece for five instruments or voices. (2) A group of five, such as the performers of a quintet or a basketball team.

  • quintile

    One or another of the values that divide a tested population into five evenly distributed classes, or one of these classes.

  • bionic

    Made stronger or more capable by electronic or mechanical devices.

  • biopsy

    The removal and examination of tissue, cells, or fluids from a living body.

  • biodegradable

    Able to be broken down into harmless substances by microorganisms or other living things.

  • symbiosis

    (1) The close living together of two different forms of life in a way that benefits both. (2) A cooperative relationship between two people or groups.

  • genesis

    Origin, beginning.

  • generator

    A machine by which mechanical energy is changed into electrical energy

  • genre

    Kind, sort; especially a distinctive type or category of literature, art, or music.

  • carcinogenic

    Producing or causing cancer.

  • functionary

    (1) Someone who performs a certain function. (2) Someone who holds a position in a political party or government.

  • malfunction

    To fail to operate in the normal or usual manner.

  • defunct

    No longer, living, existing, or functioning.

  • dysfunctional

    (1) Showing abnormal or unhealthy behaviors and attitudes within a group of people. (2) Being unable to function in a normal way.

  • commute

    (1) To exchange or substitute; especially to change a penalty to another one that is less severe. (2) To travel back and forth regularly.

  • immutable

    Not able or liable to change.

  • permutation

    A change in the order of a set of objects; rearrangement, variation.

  • transmute

    (1) To change in shape, appearance, or nature, especially for the better; to transform. (2) To experience such a change.

  • fractious

    (1) Apt to cause trouble or be unruly. (2) Stirring up quarrels; irritable.

  • fractal

    An irregular shape that looks much the same at any scale on which it is examined.

  • infraction

    The breaking of a law or a violation of another's rights.

  • refraction

    The change of direction of a ray of light or wave of energy as it passes at an angle from one substance into another in which its speed is different.

  • telegenic

    Well-suited to appear on television, especially by having an appearance and manner attractive to viewers.

  • teleological

    Showing or relating to design or purpose, especially in nature.

  • telemetry

    The science or process of measuring such things as pressure, speed, or temperature, sending the result usually by radio to a distant station, and recording the measurements there.

  • telecommute

    To work at home using an electronic link with a central office.

  • oenophile

    A person with an appreciation and usually knowledge of fine wine.

  • philatelist

    A person who collects or studies stamps.

  • Anglophile

    A person who greatly admires or favors England and English things.

  • philanthropy

    (1) A charitable act or gift. (2) An organization that distributes or is supported by charitable contributions.

  • negligent

    (1) Failing to take proper or normal care. (2) Marked by or likely to show neglect.

  • abnegation


  • negligible

    So small as to be neglected or disregarded.

  • renege

    To go back on a promise or commitment.

  • decalogue

    (1) (capitalized) The Ten Commandments. (2) Any basic set of rules that must be obeyed.

  • decathlon

    An athletic contest made up of ten parts.

  • decibel

    A unit based on a scale ranging from 0 to about 130 used to measure the loudness of sound, with 0 indicating the least sound that can be heard and 130 the average level that causes pain.

  • decimate

    To reduce drastically or destroy most of.

  • centenary

    A 100th anniversary or the celebration of it; a centennial.

  • centigrade

    Relating to a temperature scale in which 0° is the freezing point of water and 100° is its boiling point.

  • centimeter

    A length measuring 1/100th of a meter, or about 0.39 inch.

  • centurion

    The officer in command of a Roman century, originally a troop of 100 soldiers.

  • nominal

    (1) Existing in name or form only and not in reality. (2) So small as to be unimportant; insignificant.

  • nomenclature

    (1) A name or designation, or the act of naming. (2) A system of terms or symbols used in biology, where New Latin names are given to kinds and groups of animals and plants.

  • ignominious

    (1) Marked with shame or disgrace; dishonorable. (2) Humiliating or degrading.

  • misnomer

    A wrong name, or the use of a wrong name.

  • patrician

    A person of high birth or of good breeding and cultivation; an aristocrat.

  • patriarchy

    (1) A family, group, or government controlled by a man or a group of men. (2) A social system in which family members are related to each other through their fathers.

  • expatriate

    A person who has moved to a foreign land.

  • paternalistic

    Tending to supply the needs of or regulate the activities of those under one's control.

  • legate

    An official representative, such as an ambassador.

  • legacy

    (1) Something left to a person in a will. (2) Something handed down by an ancestor or predecessor or received from the past.

  • delegation

    A group of people chosen to represent the interests or opinions of others.

  • relegate

    (1) To remove or assign to a less important place. (2) To refer or hand over for decision or for carrying out.

  • aggregate

    A collection or sum of units or parts.

  • congregation

    (1) A gathering of people, especially for worship or religious instruction. (2) The membership of a church or temple.

  • egregious

    Standing out, especially in a bad way; flagrant.

  • segregate

    (1) To separate from others or from the general mass; isolate. (2) To separate along racial lines.

  • affluence

    An abundance of wealth.

  • effluent

    Polluting waste material discharged into the environment.

  • confluence

    (1) A coming or flowing together at one point. (2) A place of meeting, especially of two streams.

  • mellifluous

    Flowing like honey; sweetened as if with honey.

  • prehensile

    Adapted for grasping, especially by wrapping around.

  • apprehend

    (1) Arrest, seize. (2) Understand.

  • comprehend

    (1) To grasp the meaning of; understand. (2) To take in or include.

  • reprehensible

    Deserving stern criticism or blame.

  • temperance

    (1) Moderation in satisfying appetites or passions. (2) The drinking of little or no alcohol.

  • intemperate

    Not moderate or mild; excessive, extreme.

  • distemper

    (1) A highly contagious viral disease, especially of dogs. (2) A highly contagious and usually fatal viral disease, especially of cats, marked by the destruction of white blood cells.

  • purge

    (1) To clear of guilt or sin. (2) To free of something unwanted or considered impure.

  • expurgate

    To cleanse of something morally harmful or offensive; to remove objectionable parts from.

  • purgative

    (1) Cleansing or purifying, especially from sin. (2) Causing a significant looseness of the bowels.

  • purgatory

    (1) According to Roman Catholic doctrine, the place where the souls of those who have died in God's grace must pay for their sins through suffering before ascending to heaven. (2) A place or state of temporary suffering or misery.

  • millefleur

    Having a pattern of small flowers and plants all over.

  • millenarianism

    (1) Belief in the 1,000-year era of holiness foretold in the Book of Revelation. (2) Belief in an ideal society to come, especially one brought about by revolution.

  • millipede

    Any of a class of many-footed arthropods that have a cylindrical, segmented body with two pairs of legs on each segment, and, unlike centipedes, no poison fangs.

  • millisecond

    One thousandth of a second.

  • semitone

    The tone at a half step.

  • semicolon

    The punctuation mark ; , used chiefly to separate major sentence elements such as independent clauses.

  • hemiplegia

    Total or partial paralysis of one side of the body that results from disease of or injury to the motor centers of the brain.

  • semiconductor

    A solid that conducts electricity like a metal at high temperatures and insulates like a nonmetal at low temperatures.

  • subconscious

    Existing in the mind just below the level of awareness.

  • subjugate

    To bring under control and rule as a subject; conquer, subdue.

  • subliminal

    Not quite strong enough to be sensed or perceived consciously.

  • subversion

    (1) An attempt to overthrow a government by working secretly from within. (2) The corrupting of someone or something by weakening their morals, loyalty, or faith.

  • hyperactive

    Excessively active.

  • hyperbole

    Extreme exaggeration.

  • hypertension

    High blood pressure.

  • hyperventilate

    To breathe rapidly and deeply.

  • preclude

    To make impossible beforehand; prevent.

  • precocious

    Showing the qualities or abilities of an adult at an unusually early age.

  • predispose

    (1) To influence in advance in order to create a particular attitude. (2) To make one more likely to develop a particular disease or physical condition.

  • prerequisite

    Something that is required in advance to achieve a goal or to carry out a function.

  • paraphrase

    To restate the meaning (of something written or spoken) in different words.

  • paralegal

    Of, relating to, or being a trained assistant to a lawyer.

  • paramedic

    A specially trained medical technician licensed to provide a wide range of emergency services before or during transportation to a hospital.

  • paramilitary

    Relating to a force formed on a military pattern, especially as a possible backup military force.

  • metadata

    Data that provides information about other data.

  • metaphorical

    Relating to a figure of speech in which a word or phrase meaning one kind of object or idea is used in place of another to suggest a similarity between them.

  • metaphysics

    The part of philosophy having to do with the ultimate causes and basic nature of things.

  • metonymy

    A figure of speech in which the name of one thing is used for the name of something else that is associated with it or related to it.

  • percolate

    (1) To trickle or filter through something porous. (2) To become spread through.

  • pervade

    To spread through all parts of something.

  • permeate

    (1) To spread throughout. (2) To pass through the pores or small openings of.

  • persevere

    To keep at something in spite of difficulties, opposition, or discouragement.

  • antagonist

    A person who opposes or is unfriendly toward another; an opponent.

  • antigen

    A chemical substance (such as a protein) that, when introduced into the body, causes the body to form antibodies against it.

  • antipathy

    A strong dislike.

  • antithesis

    (1) The contrast or opposition of ideas. (2) The exact opposite.

  • contraband

    Goods that are forbidden by law to be owned or brought into or out of a country; smuggled goods.

  • contraindication

    Something (such as a symptom or condition) that makes a particular treatment, medication, or procedure likely to be unsafe.

  • contravene

    (1) To go against or act contrary to; to violate. (2) To oppose in an argument, to contradict.

  • contrarian

    A person who takes a contrary position or attitude, especially an investor who buys shares of stock when most others are selling or sells when others are buying.

  • acerbic

    Sharp or biting in temper, mood, or tone.

  • acrid

    Unpleasantly sharp and harsh; bitter.

  • acrimony

    Harsh or bitter sharpness in words, manner, or temper.

  • exacerbate

    To make worse, more violent, or more severe.

  • stricture

    (1) A law or rule that limits or controls something; restriction. (2) A strong criticism.

  • restrictive

    (1) Serving or likely to keep within bounds. (2) Serving or tending to place under limits as to use.

  • constrict

    (1) To draw together or make narrow. (2) To limit.

  • vasoconstrictor

    Something such as a nerve fiber or a drug that narrows a blood vessel.

  • deconstruction

    Analysis of texts, works of art, and cultural patterns that is intended to expose the assumptions on which they are based, especially by exposing the limitations of language.

  • infrastructure

    (1) The underlying foundation or basic framework. (2) A system of public works.

  • construe

    (1) To explain the arrangement and meaning of words in a sentence. (2) To understand or explain; interpret.

  • instrumental

    (1) Acting as a means, agent, or tool. (2) Relating to an instrument, especially a musical instrument.

  • proprietary

    (1) Relating to an owner or proprietor; made or sold by one who has the sole right to do so. (2) Privately owned and run as a profit-making organization.

  • propriety

    (1) The state of being proper; appropriateness. (2) Acting according to what is socially acceptable, especially in conduct between the sexes.

  • appropriate

    (1) To take exclusive possession of, often without right. (2) To set apart for a particular purpose or use.

  • expropriate

    (1) To take away the right of possession or ownership. (2) To transfer to oneself.

  • extort

    To obtain from a person by force, threats, or illegal power.

  • contort

    To twist in a violent manner.

  • tortuous

    (1) Having many twists, bends, or turns; winding. (2) Crooked or tricky; involved, complex.

  • vivacious

    Lively in an attractive way.

  • bon vivant

    A sociable person with a love of excellent food and drink.

  • revivify

    To give new life to; bring back to life.

  • vivisection

    Operation on living animals, often for experimental purposes.

  • serviceable

    (1) Helpful or useful. (2) Usable.

  • servile

    (1) Suitable to a servant. (2) Humbly submissive.

  • servitude

    A state or condition of slavery or bondage to another.

  • subservient

    (1) Serving or useful in an inferior situation or capacity. (2) Slavishly obedient.

  • occlusion

    An obstruction or blockage; the act of obstructing or closing off.

  • exclusive

    (1) Not shared; available to only one person or group, especially those from a high social class. (2) Full and complete.

  • recluse

    A person who lives withdrawn from society.

  • seclusion

    (1) A screening or hiding from view. (2) A place that is isolated or hidden.

  • textual

    Having to do with or based on a text.

  • context

    (1) The surrounding spoken or written material in which a word or remark occurs. (2) The conditions or circumstances in which an event occurs; environment or setting.

  • hypertext

    A database format in which information related to that on a display screen can be accessed directly from the screen (as by a mouse click).

  • subtext

    The underlying meaning of a spoken or written passage.

  • placate

    To calm the anger or bitterness of someone.

  • placebo

    A harmless substance given to a patient in place of genuine medication, either for experimental purposes or to soothe the patient.

  • placidity

    Serene freedom from interruption or disturbance; calmness.

  • implacable

    Not capable of being pleased, satisfied, or changed.

  • automaton

    (1) An automatic machine, especially a robot. (2) An individual who acts mechanically.

  • autoimmune

    Of, relating to, or caused by antibodies that attack molecules, cells, or tissues of the organism producing them.

  • autonomy

    (1) The power or right of self-government. (2) Self-directing freedom, especially moral independence.

  • autism

    \<img hspace="0" lorecindex="00018" src="images/00020.jpg" class="calibre15"/> A condition that begins in childhood and causes problems in forming social relationships and in communicating with others and includes behavior in which certain activities are constantly repeated.

  • gratify

    (1) To be a source of pleasure or satisfaction; give pleasure or satisfaction to. (2) To give in to; indulge or satisfy.

  • gratuity

    Something, especially a tip, given freely.

  • gratuitous

    Not called for by the circumstances.

  • ingratiate

    To gain favor or acceptance by making a deliberate effort.

  • clamor

    (1) Noisy shouting; loud, continuous noise. (2) Strong and active protest or demand.

  • acclamation

    (1) A loud, eager indication of approval, praise, or agreement. (2) An overwhelming yes vote by cheers, shouts, or applause.

  • declaim

    To speak in the formal manner of someone delivering a speech.

  • proclaim

    To declare or announce publicly, officially, or definitely.

  • aristocrat

    The highest social class in a country, usually because of birth and wealth.

  • autocratic

    (1) Having to do with a form of government in which one person rules. (2) Resembling the ruler of such a government.

  • bureaucrat

    (1) An appointed government official. (2) An official of a government or system that is marked by fixed and complex rules that often result in long delays.

  • plutocracy

    (1) Government by the wealthy. (2) A controlling class of wealthy people.

  • punctilious

    Very careful about the details of codes or conventions.

  • punctual

    Being on time; prompt.

  • compunction

    (1) Anxiety caused by guilt. (2) A slight misgiving.

  • acupuncture

    A method of relieving pain or curing illness by inserting fine needles through the skin at specific points.

  • potential

    (1) The possibility that something will happen in the future. (2) A cause for hope.

  • impotent

    Lacking power or strength.

  • plenipotentiary

    A person, such as a diplomat, who has complete power to do business for a government.

  • potentate

    A powerful ruler.

  • mandate

    (1) A formal command. (2) Permission to act, given by the people to their representatives.

  • mandatory


  • commandeer

    To take possession of something by force, especially for military purposes.

  • remand

    (1) To order a case sent back to another court or agency for further action. (2) To send a prisoner back into custody to await further trial or sentencing.

  • undulant

    (1) Rising and falling in waves. (2) Wavy in form, outline, or surface.

  • inundate

    (1) To cover with a flood or overflow. (2) To overwhelm.

  • redound

    (1) To have an effect for good or bad. (2) To rebound or reflect.

  • redundancy

    (1) The state of being extra or unnecessary. (2) Needless repetition.

  • sanction

    To give approval to.

  • sanctimonious

    Pretending to be more religiously observant or morally better than other people.

  • sacrosanct

    (1) Most sacred or holy. (2) Treated as if holy and therefore immune from criticism or disturbance of any kind.

  • sanctuary

    (1) A holy place, such as a church or temple, or the most holy part of one. (2) A place of safety, refuge, and protection.

  • colloquium

    A conference in which various speakers take turns lecturing on a subject and then answering questions about it.

  • soliloquy

    A dramatic speech that represents a series of unspoken thoughts.

  • colloquial

    Conversational in style.

  • loquacious

    Apt to talk too much; talkative.

  • virility

    Energetic, vigorous manhood; masculinity.

  • triumvirate

    (1) A commission or government of three. (2) A group or association of three.

  • virago

    A loud, bad-tempered, overbearing woman.

  • virtuosity

    Great technical skill, especially in the practice of a fine art.

  • valor

    Personal bravery in the face of danger.

  • equivalent

    (1) Equal in force, amount, value, area, or volume. (2) Similar or virtually identical in effect or function.

  • prevalent

    Widely accepted, favored, or practiced; widespread.

  • validate

    (1) To make legally valid; give official approval to. (2) To support or confirm the validity of.

  • crescent

    (1) The moon between the new moon and first quarter, and between the last quarter and the next new moon. (2) Anything shaped like the crescent moon.

  • accretion

    (1) Growth or enlargement by gradual buildup. (2) A product of such buildup.

  • excrescence

    (1) A projection of growth, especially when abnormal. (2) A disfiguring, unnecessary, or unwanted mark or part.

  • increment

    (1) Something gained or added, especially as one of a series of regular additions or as a tiny increase in amount. (2) The amount or extent of change, especially the positive or negative change in value of one or more variables.

  • transfusion

    (1) The process of transferring a fluid and especially blood into a blood vessel. (2) Something transfused.

  • effusive

    (1) Given to excessive display of feeling. (2) Freely expressed.

  • profusion

    Great abundance.

  • suffuse

    To spread over or fill something, as if by fluid or light.

  • verbose

    Using more words than are needed; wordy.

  • proverb

    A brief, often-repeated statement that expresses a general truth or common observation.

  • verbatim

    In the exact words; word for word.

  • verbiage

    An excess of words, often with little content; wordiness.

  • simile

    A figure of speech, introduced by <span class="italic">as</span> or <span class="italic">like,</span> that makes a point of comparison between two things different in all other respects.

  • assimilate

    (1) To take in and thoroughly understand. (2) To cause to become part of a different society or culture.

  • simulacrum

    A copy, especially a superficial likeness or imitation.

  • simulate

    (1) To take on the appearance or effect of something, often in order to deceive. (2) To make a realistic imitation of something, such as a physical environment.

  • transcend

    To rise above the limits of; overcome, surpass.

  • condescend

    (1) To stoop to a level of lesser importance or dignity. (2) To behave as if superior.

  • descendant

    (1) One that has come down from another or from a common stock. (2) One deriving directly from a forerunner or original.

  • ascendancy

    Governing or controlling interest; domination.

  • antonym

    A word that means the opposite of some other word.

  • eponymous

    Of, relating to, or being the person for whom something is named.

  • patronymic

    Part of a personal name based on the name of one's father or one of his ancestors.

  • pseudonym

    A name that someone (such as a writer) uses instead of his or her real name.

  • conscription

    Enforced enlistment of persons, especially for military service; draft.

  • circumscribe

    (1) To clearly limit the range or activity of something. (2) To draw a line around or to surround with a boundary.

  • inscription

    (1) Something permanently written, engraved, or printed, particularly on a building, coin, medal, or piece of currency. (2) The dedication of a book or work of art.

  • proscribe

    To forbid as harmful or unlawful; prohibit.

  • fallacy

    A wrong belief; a false or mistaken idea.

  • fallacious

    Containing a mistake; not true or accurate.

  • fallibility

    Capability of making mistakes or being wrong.

  • infallible

    (1) Not capable of being wrong or making mistakes. (2) Certain to work properly or succeed.

  • soluble

    (1) Able to be dissolved in a liquid, especially water. (2) Able to be solved or explained.

  • absolution

    The act of forgiving someone for their sins.

  • dissolution

    The act or process of breaking down or apart into basic components, as through disruption or decay.

  • resolute

    Marked by firm determination.

  • hydraulic

    (1) Relating to water; operated, moved, or brought about by means of water. (2) Operated by the resistance or pressure of liquid forced through a small opening or tube.

  • dehydrate

    (1) To remove water from. (2) To deprive of energy and zest.

  • hydroelectric

    Having to do with the production of electricity by waterpower.

  • hydroponics

    The growing of plants in nutrient solutions, with or without supporting substances such as sand or gravel.

  • muralist

    A painter of wall paintings.

  • intramural

    Existing or occurring within the bounds of an institution, especially a school.

  • extramural

    Existing outside or beyond the walls or boundaries of an organized unit such as a school or hospital.

  • immure

    To enclose within, or as if within, walls; imprison.

  • politic

    (1) Cleverly tactful. (2) Wise in promoting a plan or plan of action.

  • politicize

    To give a political tone or character to.

  • acropolis

    The high, fortified part of a city, especially an ancient Greek city.

  • megalopolis

    (1) A very large city. (2) A thickly populated area that includes one or more cities with the surrounding suburbs.

  • numerology

    The study of the occult significance of numbers.

  • alphanumeric

    Having or using both letters and numbers.

  • enumerate

    To specify one after another; list.

  • supernumerary

    Exceeding the usual number.

  • kilobyte

    A unit of computer information equal to 1,024 bytes.

  • kilometer

    A unit of length equal to 1,000 meters.

  • kilohertz

    A unit of frequency equal to 1,000 cycles per second.

  • kilogram

    A unit of weight equal to 1,000 grams.

  • microbe

    An organism (such as a bacterium) of microscopic or less than microscopic size.

  • microbiologist

    A scientist who studies extremely small forms of life, such as bacteria and viruses.

  • microbrew

    A beer made by a brewery that makes beer in small amounts.

  • microclimate

    The essentially uniform local climate of a small site or habitat.

  • multicellular

    Consisting of many cells.

  • multidisciplinary

    Involving two or more subject areas.

  • multifarious

    Having or occurring in great variety; diverse.

  • multilateral

    Involving more than two nations or parties.

  • parity

    The state of being equal.

  • disparity

    A noticeable and often unfair difference between people or things.

  • nonpareil

    Someone or something of unequaled excellence.

  • subpar

    Below a usual or normal level.

  • acrophobic

    Fearful of heights.

  • agoraphobia

    A fear of being in embarrassing or inescapable situations, especially in open or public places.

  • xenophobe

    One who has a fear or hatred of strangers or foreigners.

  • arachnophobia

    Having a fear or dislike of spiders.

  • hemorrhage

    (1) A large loss of blood from a blood vessel. (2) A rapid and uncontrollable loss or outflow.

  • hematology

    The study of blood and blood-forming organs.

  • hemophilia

    A bleeding disorder caused by the blood's inability to coagulate.

  • hemoglobin

    The element in blood that transports oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues and transports carbon dioxide from the tissues back to the lungs.

  • bursitis

    Inflammation of a lubricating sac (bursa), especially of the shoulder or elbow.

  • hepatitis

    Inflammation of the liver.

  • bronchitis

    Inflammation of the bronchial tubes.

  • tendinitis

    A painful condition in which a tendon in the arm or leg becomes inflamed.

  • nanotechnology

    The science of manipulating materials on an atomic or molecular scale, especially to build microscopic devices such as robots.

  • nanosecond

    One billionth of a second.

  • nanostructure

    An arrangement, structure, or part of something of molecular dimensions.

  • nanoparticle

    A tiny particle whose size is measured in billionths of a meter.

  • superfluous

    Beyond what is needed; extra.

  • insuperable

    Incapable of being solved or overcome.

  • supersede

    To take the place of; to replace with something newer or more useful.

  • superlative

    Supreme, excellent.

  • debase

    To lower the value or reputation of someone or something.

  • defamation

    The harming of someone's reputation by libel or slander.

  • degenerative

    Causing the body or part of the body to become weaker or less able to function as time passes.

  • dejection

    Sadness, depression, or lowness of spirits.

  • null

    (1) Having no legal power; invalid. (2) Having no elements.

  • nullity

    (1) Nothingness. (2) A mere nothing.

  • nullify

    (1) To cancel legally. (2) To cause something to lose its value or to have no effect.

  • annulment

    An official statement that something is no longer valid.

  • armada

    A large group of warships or boats.

  • armistice

    An agreement to stop fighting a war; a truce.

  • armory

    A place where weapons are made or stored.

  • disarming

    Tending to remove any feelings of unfriendliness or distrust.

  • upsurge

    A rapid or sudden increase or rise.

  • insurgency

    A usually violent attempt to take control of a government; a rebellion or uprising.

  • counterinsurgent

    A person taking military or political action against guerrillas or revolutionaries.

  • resurgent

    Rising again into life, activity, or prominence.

  • stratum

    (1) A layer of a substance, especially one of a series of layers. (2) A level of society made up of people of the same rank or position.

  • stratification

    The process or state of being formed, deposited, or arranged in layers.

  • substrate

    (1) An underlying layer. (2) The base on which an organism lives.

  • stratocumulus

    A low-lying cloud formation appearing as extensive and often dark horizontal layers, with tops rounded into large balls or rolls.

  • lateral

    Of or relating to the side.

  • bilateral

    Involving two groups or countries.

  • collateral

    (1) Associated but of secondary importance. (2) Related but not in a direct or close way.

  • equilateral

    Having all sides or faces equal.

  • appendectomy

    Surgical removal of the human appendix.

  • gastrectomy

    Surgical removal of all or part of the stomach.

  • tonsillectomy

    Surgical removal of the tonsils.

  • mastectomy

    Surgical removal of all or part of the breast.

  • iatrogenic

    Caused accidentally by medical treatment.

  • bariatric

    Relating to or specializing in the treatment of obesity.

  • geriatric

    Of or relating to old people.

  • podiatrist

    A doctor who treats injuries and diseases of the foot.

  • median

    In the middle; especially, having a value that is in the middle of a series of values arranged from smallest to largest.

  • mediate

    (1) To work with opposing sides in an argument or dispute in order to get an agreement. (2) To achieve a settlement or agreement by working with the opposing sides.

  • intermediary

    A person who works with opposing sides in a dispute in order to bring about an agreement.

  • mediocrity

    The quality of being not very good.

  • rhomboid

    In geometry, a shape with four sides where only the opposite sides and angles are equal.

  • deltoid

    A large muscle of the shoulder.

  • dendroid

    Resembling a tree in form.

  • humanoid

    Looking or acting like a human.

  • endoscope

    A lighted tubular medical instrument for viewing the interior or a hollow organ or body part that typically has one or more channels to permit passage of surgical instruments.

  • arthroscopic

    Relating to a fiber-optic instrument that is inserted through an incision near a joint to examine the joint's interior.

  • laparoscopy

    Examination of the interior of the abdomen using a fiber-optic instrument inserted through a cut in the abdomen's wall.

  • oscilloscope

    An instrument that shows visual images of changing electrical current on a screen.

  • transient

    (1) Not lasting long; short-lived. (2) Passing through a place and staying only briefly.

  • transfiguration

    A change in form or appearance; a glorifying spiritual change.

  • transponder

    A radio or radar set that emits a radio signal after receiving such a signal.

  • transcendent

    (1) Exceeding or rising above usual limits; supreme. (2) Beyond comprehension; beyond ordinary experience or material existence.

  • proactive

    Acting in anticipation of future problems, needs, or changes.

  • pro bono

    Being, involved in, or doing professional work, and especially legal work, donated for the public good.

  • proponent

    One who argues in favor of something: advocate.

  • pro forma

    Done or existing as something that is required but that has little true meaning or importance.

  • protrude

    To jut out from the surrounding surface or context.

  • prophylaxis

    Measures designed to preserve health and prevent the spread of disease.

  • promulgate

    (1) To proclaim or make public. (2) To put (a law) into effect.

  • prologue

    (1) An introduction to a literary work. (2) An introductory event or development.

  • remorse

    A deep regret arising from a sense of guilt for past wrongs.

  • reiterate

    To state or do over again or repeatedly.

  • rejuvenate

    To make young or youthful again; to give new vigor to.

  • reconcile

    (1) To make agree. (2) To make friendly again.

  • reciprocal

    (1) Done, given, or felt equally by both sides. (2) Related to each other in such a way that one completes the other or is the equal of the other.

  • rebut

    (1) To oppose by argument. (2) To prove to be wrong.

  • revoke

    To officially cancel the power or effect of something (such as a law, order, or privilege).

  • regress

    To return to an earlier and usually worse or less developed condition or state.

  • dermal

    Relating to the skin and especially to the dermis.

  • epidermis

    The outer layer of the skin.

  • taxidermist

    One who prepares, stuffs, and mounts the skins of dead animals.

  • dermatitis

    Inflammation of the skin.

  • endocrine

    (1) A hormone. (2) Any of several glands (such as the thyroid) that pour their secretions directly into the blood or lymph.

  • endodontic

    Relating to a branch of dentistry that deals with the pulp of the teeth.

  • endogenous

    Developing or originating within a cell, organ, body, or system.

  • endorphin

    Any of a group of proteins in the brain that are able to relieve pain.

  • necrosis

    Death of living tissue, usually within a limited area.

  • necromancer

    One who conjures the spirits of the dead in order to magically reveal the future or influence the course of events.

  • necropolis

    A cemetery, especially a large, elaborate cemetery of an ancient city.

  • necropsy

    An autopsy, especially one performed on an animal.

  • Paleolithic

    Of or relating to the earliest period of the Stone Age, characterized by rough or chipped stone implements.

  • paleography

    (1) The study of ancient writings and inscriptions. (2) Ancient writings.

  • paleontology

    A science dealing with the life of past geological periods as known from fossil remains.

  • Paleozoic

    The era of geological history, ending about 248 million years ago, in which vertebrates and land plants first appeared.

  • circuitous

    (1) Having a circular or winding course. (2) Not forthright or direct in action.

  • circumference

    (1) The perimeter or boundary of a circle. (2) The outer boundary or surface of a shape or object.

  • circumspect

    Careful to consider all circumstances and possible consequences; cautious.

  • circumvent

    (1) To make a circuit around. (2) To manage to get around, especially by clever means.

  • minimalism

    A style or technique (as in music, literature, or design) that is characterized by extreme spareness and simplicity.

  • minuscule

    Very small.

  • minutiae

    Very small or minor details.

  • diminutive

    (1) Indicating small size. (2) Very small.

  • intercede

    (1) To act as a go-between between unfriendly parties. (2) To beg or plead in behalf of another.

  • interstice

    A little space between two things; chink, crevice.

  • interdict

    (1) To prohibit or forbid. (2) To destroy, damage, or cut off (as an enemy line of supply) by firepower to stop or hamper an enemy.

  • interpolate

    To put something between other things or parts, especially to put words into a piece of writing or a conversation.

  • surmount

    To rise above; overcome.

  • surcharge

    An additional tax or charge.

  • surfeit

    A supply that is more than enough; excess.

  • surreal

    Very strange or unusual; having the quality of a dream.

  • coalesce

    To come together to form one group or mass.

  • cogeneration

    The production of electricity using waste heat (as in steam) from an industrial process, or the use of steam from electric power generation as a source of heat.

  • codependency

    A psychological condition or a relationship in which a person is controlled or manipulated by someone affected with a condition such as alcohol or drug addiction.

  • cohesion

    (1) The action or state of sticking together. (2) Molecular attraction by which the particles of a body are united throughout the mass.

  • syntax

    The way in which words are put together to form phrases, clauses, or sentences.

  • synthesize

    To make something by combining different things.

  • synergy

    The increased effectiveness that results when two or more people or businesses work together.