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Roots from M-W Vocabulary Builder

Roots from M-W Vocabulary Builder

Last update 

Roots from M-W Vocabulary Builder

Items (258)

  • BENE|benediction,benefactor,beneficiary,benevolence

    Latin “well.”

  • AM|amicable,enamored,amorous,paramour

    Latin “to love.”

  • BELL|antebellum,bellicose,belligerence,rebellion

    Latin “war.”

  • PAC|pacify,pacifist,pact,pace

    Latin “agree” and “peace.”

  • CRIM|criminology,decriminalize,incriminate,recrimination

    Latin “fault or crime” or “accusation.”

  • PROB|approbation,probate,probity,reprobate

    Latin “prove or proof” and “honesty or integrity.”

  • GRAV|grave,gravitas,gravitate,aggravate

    Latin “heavy, weighty, serious.”

  • LEV|alleviate,elevation,cantilever,levity

    Latin “light,” and “to raise or lighten.”

  • MANIA|kleptomania,dipsomaniac,megalomaniac,egomaniac

    Latin “madness,”

  • PSYCH|psyche,psychedelic,psychosomatic,psychotherapist

    Greek “breath, life, soul.”

  • CEPT|reception,intercept,perceptible,susceptible

    Latin “take, seize.”

  • FIN|confine,definitive,finite,infinitesimal

    Latin “end” or “boundary.”

  • JECT|interject,conjecture,projection,trajectory

    Latin “throw” or “hurl.”

  • TRACT|traction,retract,protracted,intractable

    Latin “drag or draw.”

  • DUC/DUCT|conducive,deduction,induce,seduction

    Latin “to lead,”

  • SEQU|sequential,subsequent,consequential,non sequitur

    Latin “to follow.”

  • AMBI|ambiguous,ambient,ambivalent,ambit

    Latin “on both sides” or “around”

  • EPI|epilogue,epiphyte,epitaph,epithet

    Greek “on, over” or “attached to.”

  • HYP/HYPO|hypochondriac,hypoglycemia,hypothermia,hypothetical

    Greek “below, under.”

  • THERM/THERMO|Thermos,thermal,thermodynamics,thermonuclear

    Greek “warm.”

  • POLY|polyp,polyglot,polymer,polygraph

    Greek “many.”

  • PRIM|primal,primer,primate,primordial

    Latin “first.”

  • HOM/HOMO|homonym,homogeneous,homologous,homogenize

    Greek “same,”

  • DIS|dissuade,disorient,discredit,dislodge

    Latin “apart.”

  • VOR|carnivorous,herbivorous,insectivorous,voracious

    Latin “to eat,”

  • CARN|carnage,carnal,incarnate,reincarnation

    Latin “flesh” or “meat.”

  • CRED|credence,credible,credulity,credo

    Latin “to believe” or “to entrust.”

  • FID|affidavit,diffident,fiduciary,perfidy

    Latin “faith” or “trust.”

  • CURR/CURS|concurrent,cursory,discursive,precursor

    Latin “to run.”

  • PED|quadruped,pedigree,impediment,pedestrian

    Latin “foot.”

  • FLECT|deflect,reflective,genuflect,inflection

    Latin “to bend.”

  • POST|posterior,posthumous,postmodern,postmortem

    Latin “after” or “behind.”

  • MAL|malevolent,malicious,malign,malnourished

    Latin “bad.”

  • CATA|cataclysm,catacomb,catalyst,catatonic

    Greek “down.”

  • PROT/PROTO|protagonist,protocol,protoplasm,prototype

    Greek “first in time” or “first formed.”

  • ANTE|antechamber,antedate,antecedent,anterior

    Latin “before” or “in front of.”

  • ORTHO|orthodontics,orthodox,orthopedics,orthography

    Greek “straight,” “right,” or “true.”

  • RECT|rectitude,rectify,rectilinear,directive

    Latin “straight” or “right.”

  • EU|eugenic,euphemism,euphoria,eulogy

    Greek “well”

  • DYS|dystopia,dyslexia,dyspeptic,dysplasia

    Greek “bad” or “difficult.”

  • EQU|equable,adequacy,equilibrium,equinox

    Latin “equal.”

  • QUIS|inquisition,perquisite,acquisitive,requisition

    Latin “to seek or obtain.”

  • PLE/PLEN|plenary,complement,deplete,replete

    Latin “to fill.”

  • METR/METER|metric,meter,odometer,tachometer

    Greek “measure.”

  • AUD|auditor,auditory,audition,inaudible

    Latin “has to do with hearing.”

  • SON|sonic,dissonant,resonance,ultrasonic

    Latin “sound.”

  • ERR|errant,aberrant,erratic,erroneous

    Latin “to wander” or “to stray.”

  • CED|cede,concede,accede,precedent

    Latin “to proceed” or “to yield.”

  • VIS|vista,vis-à-vis,visionary,envisage

    Latin “see.”

  • SPECT|aspect,prospect,perspective,prospectus

    Latin “to look at,”

  • VOC|equivocate,irrevocable,advocate,vociferous

    Latin “voice” and “speak.”

  • PHON|phonics,phonetic,polyphonic,cacophony

    Greek “sound,” “voice,” or “speech.”

  • CUR|curative,curator,procure,sinecure

    Latin “care for.”

  • PERI|perimeter,periodontal,peripatetic,peripheral

    Latin and Greek “around.”

  • SENS|sensor,desensitize,extrasensory,sensuous

    Latin “feeling” or “sense.”

  • SOPH|sophistry,sophisticated,sophomoric,theosophy

    Greek “wise” and “wisdom.”

  • PORT|portage,portfolio,comport,deportment

    Latin “to carry.”

  • PEND|pendant,append,appendage,suspend

    Latin “to hang” or “to weigh.”

  • PAN|panacea,pandemonium,pantheism,panoply

    Greek “all”

  • EXTRA|extradite,extrapolate,extrovert,extraneous

    Latin “outside” or “beyond.”

  • PHOT|photoelectric,photovoltaic,photon,photosynthesis

    Greek “light.”

  • LUC|lucid,elucidate,lucubration,translucent

    Latin “light,” and “to shine or glitter.”

  • MOR/MORT|mortality,moribund,amortize,mortify

    Latin “to die” and “death.”

  • TROPH|atrophy,hypertrophy,dystrophy,eutrophication

    Greek “nourishment.”

  • HER|adherent,cohere,incoherent,inherent

    Latin “to stick.”

  • FUG|centrifugal,refuge,fugue,subterfuge

    Latin “to flee or escape.”

  • COSM|cosmos,cosmology,microcosm,cosmopolitan

    Greek “order.”

  • SCI|conscientious,nescience,prescient,unconscionable

    Latin “to know” or “to understand.”

  • JUNCT|juncture,adjunct,disjunction,conjunct

    Latin “to join.”

  • PART|bipartite,impartial,participle,partisan

    Latin “part,”

  • MIS|mission,missionary,emissary,transmission

    Latin “to send.”

  • PEL|compel,expel,impel,repel

    Latin “to move or drive.”

  • PUT|reputed,disrepute,impute,putative

    Latin “to think, consider, or believe.”

  • LOG|physiology,methodology,ideology,cardiology

    Greek “word,” “speech,” or “reason,”

  • TERR|parterre,subterranean,terrarium,terrestrial

    Latin “earth.”

  • MAR|marina,aquamarine,mariner,maritime

    Latin “sea,”

  • PATH|pathos,apathetic,empathy,telepathic

    Greek “feeling” or “suffering.”

  • PEN/PUN|penal,impunity,penance,punitive

    Latin “penalty,” “to punish.”

  • MATR/MATER|maternity,matriarch,matrilineal,matrix

    Greek and Latin “mother.”

  • AQU|aquaculture,aquanaut,aqueduct,aquifer

    Latin “water.”

  • CANT|cantata,incantation,cantor,descant

    Latin “sing,”

  • LINGU|linguistics,multilingual,lingua franca,linguine

    Latin “tongue” and “language,”

  • SPIR|spirited,dispiriting,respirator,transpire

    Latin “breath” and “breathe.”

  • VER|verify,aver,verisimilitude,veracity

    Latin “truth.”

  • TURB|turbid,perturb,turbine,turbulent

    Latin “to throw into confusion or upset,” “crowd” or “confusion.”

  • VOLU/VOLV|voluble,devolve,evolution,convoluted

    Latin “to roll, wind, turn around, or twist around.”

  • FAC|factor,factotum,facile,facilitate

    Latin “to make or do.”

  • LUM|lumen,luminous,bioluminescent,luminary

    Latin “light.”

  • UMBR|umber,adumbrate,penumbra,umbrage

    Latin “shadow.”

  • VEST|divest,investiture,transvestite,travesty

    Latin “to clothe” or “to dress,” “clothing” or “garment.”

  • THE/THEO|apotheosis,atheistic,pantheon,theocracy

    Greek “god.”

  • ICON|iconic,iconoclast,iconography

    Greek “image.”

  • URB|urbane,exurban,interurban,urbanization

    Latin “city.”

  • CULT|acculturation,cross-cultural,horticulture,subculture

    Latin “care.”

  • DEM/DEMO|demographic,endemic,demagogue,demotic

    Greek “people.”

  • POPUL|populist,populace,populous,vox populi

    Latin “people,”

  • CORD|accord,concord,cordial,discordant

    Latin “heart,”

  • CULP|culpable,exculpate,inculpate,mea culpa

    Latin “guilt.”

  • DICT|diction,edict,jurisdiction,dictum

    Latin “to speak.”

  • GNI/GNO|cognitive,agnostic,incognito,prognosis

    Greek and Latin “to know,”

  • GRAPH|calligraphy,hagiography,choreography,lithograph

    Greek “to write.”

  • ART|artful,artifact,artifice,artisan

    Latin “skill.”

  • FORT|fortify,fortification,forte,fortitude

    Latin “strong.”

  • CIS|concise,excise,incisive,precision

    Latin “to cut, cut down, or slay.”

  • CRYPT|encrypt,cryptic,cryptography

    Greek “hidden.”

  • AB/ABS|abscond,abstemious,abstraction,abstruse

    Latin “from,” “away,” or “off.”

  • PED-|pedagogy,pedant,pediatrician,encyclopedic

    Greek “child.”

  • TROP|tropism,entropy,heliotrope,psychotropic

    Greek “turn” or “change.”

  • NEO|neoclassic,Neolithic,neoconservative,neonatal

    Greek “new.”

  • NOV|novice,novel,innovation,supernova

    Latin “new.”

  • POS|impose,juxtapose,transpose,superimpose

    Latin “to put” or “to place.”

  • TEN|tenure,tenacious,tenable,tenet

    Latin “hold” or “hold on to.”

  • MONO|monogamous,monoculture,monolithic,monotheism

    Greek “along” or “single.”

  • UNI|unicameral,unilateral,unison,unitarian

    Latin “one.”

  • TERM/TERMIN|terminal,indeterminate,interminable,terminus

    Latin “to limit, bound, or set limits to,”

  • GEO|geocentric,geophysics,geostationary,geothermal

    Greek “Earth.”

  • SPHER|spherical,stratosphere,biosphere,hemisphere

    Greek “ball.”

  • VERT|divert,converter,avert,revert

    Latin “to turn” or “to turn around.”

  • MORPH|amorphous,anthropomorphic,metamorphosis,morphology

    Greek “shape.”

  • FORM|format,conform,formality,formative

    Latin “shape” or “form.”

  • DOC/DOCT|doctrine,docent,doctrinaire,indoctrinate

    Latin “to teach.”

  • TUT/TUI|tutorial,tuition,intuition,tutelage

    Latin “to look after,” “guide,” “guard,” or “teach”

  • DI/DUP|dichotomy,dimorphic,duplex,duplicity

    Greek and Latin “two,”

  • BI/BIN|bipartisan,binary,biennial,bipolar

    “two” or “double.”

  • TOP|topical,ectopic,utopian,topography

    Greek “place.” “about one place or subject (rather than another)”

  • CENTR/CENTER|eccentric,epicenter,egocentric,ethnocentric

    Greek “sharp point” or “center point of a circle.”

  • DOM|dominion,predominant,domineering,domination

    Latin “house,” “master,”

  • OMNI|omnivore,omnipotent,omnibus,omniscient

    Latin “all.”

  • HOL/HOLO|holistic,hologram,Holocene,holocaust

    Greek “whole,”

  • RETRO|retroactive,retrofit,retrogress,retrospective

    Latin “back,” “backward,” or “behind”

  • TEMPOR|temporal,contemporary,extemporaneous,temporize

    Latin “time.”

  • CHRON|chronic,chronology,anachronism,synchronous

    Greek “time.”

  • TRI|triad,trilogy,triceratops,trident,trimester,trinity,triptych,trivial

    Greek or Latin “three,”

  • ANIM|animated,magnanimous,animosity,inanimate

    Latin “breath” or “soul.”

  • FIG|figurative,configuration,effigy,figment

    Latin “to shape or mold” “a form or shape.”

  • ANN/ENN|annuity,superannuated,millennium,perennial

    Latin “year.”

  • EV|coeval,longevity,medieval,primeval

    Latin “age” or “lifetime.”

  • CORP|corporeal,corpulent,corporal,incorporate

    Latin “body.”

  • TANG/TACT|tact,tactile,tangential,tangible

    Latin “to touch,” “sense of touch.”

  • CODI/CODE|codex,codicil,codify,decode

    Latin “trunk of a tree” or “document written on wooden tablets.”

  • SIGN|signify,insignia,signatory,signet

    Latin “mark or sign.”

  • QUADR/QUART|quadrant,quadrille,quadriplegic,quartile

    Latin “four” or “fourth.”

  • TETR|tetracycline,tetrahedron,tetralogy,tetrapod

    Greek “four.”

  • CAPIT|capitalism,capitulate,decapitate,recapitulate

    Latin “head,”

  • ANTHROP|anthropoid,anthropology,misanthropic,lycanthropy

    Greek “human being.”

  • KINE|kinesiology,hyperkinetic,kinescope,telekinesis

    Greek “movement.”

  • DYNAM|dynamic,dynamo,aerodynamics,hydrodynamic

    Greek “power.”

  • GRAD|gradation,degrade,gradient,retrograde

    Latin “step” or “degree,” “to step, walk.”

  • REG|regimen,interregnum,regalia,regency

    Latin “rule,”

  • CRIT|criterion,critique,hypercritical,hematocrit

    Greek “to judge” or “to decide.”

  • JUR|jurisprudence,abjure,perjury,de jure

    Latin “to swear, take an oath,” “right or law.”

  • PENT|pentathlon,Pentateuch,pentameter,Pentecostal

    Greek “five.”

  • QUINT|quincentennial,quintessential,quintet,quintile

    Latin “five.”

  • BIO|bionic,biopsy,biodegradable,symbiosis

    Greek “life,”

  • GEN|genesis,generator,genre,carcinogenic

    Greek “birth,”

  • FUNCT|functionary,malfunction,defunct,dysfunctional

    Latin “to perform, carry out.”

  • MUT|commute,immutable,permutation,transmute

    Latin “to change.”

  • FRACT|fractious,fractal,infraction,refraction

    Latin “to break or shatter.”

  • TELE|telegenic,teleological,telemetry,telecommute

    “distant” or “at a distance.”

  • PHIL|oenophile,philatelist,Anglophile,philanthropy

    Greek “love.”

  • NEG|negligent,abnegation,negligible,renege

    Latin “to say no.”

  • DEC|decalogue,decathlon,decibel,decimate

    Greek and Latin “ten.”

  • CENT|centenary,centigrade,centimeter,centurion

    Latin “one hundred.”

  • NOM|nominal,nomenclature,ignominious,misnomer

    Latin “name.”

  • PATER/PATR|patrician,patriarchy,expatriate,paternalistic

    Greek and the Latin “father.”

  • LEGA|legate,legacy,delegation,relegate

    Latin “to appoint” or “to send as a deputy.”

  • GREG|aggregate,congregation,egregious,segregate

    Latin “herd” or “flock.”

  • FLU|affluence,effluent,confluence,mellifluous

    Latin “to flow.”

  • PREHEND/PREHENS|prehensile,apprehend,comprehend,reprehensible

    Latin “to seize.”

  • TEMPER|temperance,intemperate,distemper

    Latin “to moderate or keep within limits” or “to mix.”

  • PURG|purge,expurgate,purgative,purgatory

    Latin “to clean or cleanse.”

  • MILL|millefleur,millenarianism,millipede,millisecond

    “a thousand” or “a thousandth.”

  • HEMI/SEMI|semitone,semicolon,hemiplegia,semiconductor

    Greek or Latin “half.”

  • SUB|subconscious,subjugate,subliminal,subversion

    “under.”

  • HYPER|hyperactive,hyperbole,hypertension,hyperventilate

    Greek “above or beyond,”

  • PRE|preclude,precocious,predispose,prerequisite

    Latin “before” or “in front of.”

  • PARA|paraphrase,paralegal,paramedic,paramilitary

    Greek “beside” or “closely related to.”

  • META|metadata,metaphorical,metaphysics,metonymy

    “behind” or “beyond.”

  • PER|percolate,pervade,permeate,persevere

    Latin “through,” “throughout,” or “thoroughly.”

  • ANT/ANTI|antagonist,antigen,antipathy,antithesis

    Latin “against.”

  • CONTRA|contraband,contraindication,contravene,contrarian

    Latin “against” or “contrary to.”

  • ACER/ACR|acerbic,acrid,acrimony,exacerbate

    Latin “sharp” or “sour.”

  • STRICT|stricture,restrictive,constrict,vasoconstrictor

    Latin “to draw tight, bind, or tie.”

  • STRU/STRUCT|deconstruction,infrastructure,construe,instrumental

    Latin “to put together, build, arrange.”

  • PROP/PROPRI|proprietary,propriety,appropriate,expropriate

    Latin “own.”

  • TORT|extort,contort,tortuous

    Latin “to twist, wind, or wrench.”

  • VIV|vivacious,bon vivant,revivify,vivisection

    Latin “to live or be alive.”

  • SERV|serviceable,servile,servitude,subservient

    “to be subject to.”

  • CLUS|occlusion,exclusive,recluse,seclusion

    Latin “to close.”

  • TEXT|textual,context,hypertext,subtext

    Latin “to weave.”

  • PLAC|placate,placebo,placidity,implacable

    Latin “to please or be agreeable to,” “to soothe or calm.”

  • AUT/AUTO|automaton,autoimmune,autonomy,autism

    Greek “same” or “self.”

  • GRAT|gratify,gratuity,gratuitous,ingratiate

    Latin “pleasing, welcome, or agreeable,” “grace, agreeableness, or pleasantness.”

  • CLAM/CLAIM|clamor,acclamation,declaim,proclaim

    Latin “to shout or cry out.”

  • CRAC/CRAT|aristocrat,autocratic,bureaucrat,plutocracy

    Greek “power.”

  • PUNC|punctilious,punctual,compunction,acupuncture

    Latin “point.”

  • POT|potential,impotent,plenipotentiary,potentate

    Latin “able.”

  • MAND|mandate,mandatory,commandeer,remand

    Latin “entrust” or “order.”

  • UND|undulant,inundate,redound,redundancy

    Latin “wave,” “to rise in waves,” “to surge or flood.”

  • SANCT|sanction,sanctimonious,sacrosanct,sanctuary

    Latin “holy,”

  • LOQU|colloquium,soliloquy,colloquial,loquacious

    Latin “to talk.”

  • VIR|virility,triumvirate,virago,virtuosity

    Latin “man.”

  • VAL|valor,equivalent,prevalent,validate

    Latin “strength,” “to be worthy, healthy, or strong” and “to have power or influence.”

  • CRE/CRET|crescent,accretion,excrescence,increment

    Latin “to come into being” and “to grow.”

  • FUS|transfusion,effusive,profusion,suffuse

    Latin “to pour out” or “to melt.”

  • VERB|verbose,proverb,verbatim,verbiage

    Latin “word.”

  • SIMIL/SIMUL|simile,assimilate,simulacrum,simulate

    Latin “like, resembling, similar,”

  • SCEND|transcend,condescend,descendant,ascendancy

    Latin “to climb.”

  • ONYM|antonym,eponymous,patronymic,pseudonym

    Greek “name, word.”

  • SCRIB/SCRIP|conscription,circumscribe,inscription,proscribe

    Latin “to write.”

  • FALL|fallacy,fallacious,fallibility,infallible

    Latin “to deceive.”

  • SOLU|soluble,absolution,dissolution,resolute

    Latin “to loosen, free, release,”

  • HYDR|hydraulic,dehydrate,hydroelectric,hydroponics

    Greek “water.”

  • MUR|muralist,intramural,extramural,immure

    Latin “wall,”

  • POLIS/POLIT|politic,politicize,acropolis,megalopolis

    Greek “city.”

  • NUMER|numerology,alphanumeric,enumerate,supernumerary

    Latin “number”

  • KILO|kilobyte,kilometer,kilohertz,kilogram

    French “thousand.”

  • MICRO|microbe,microbiologist,microbrew,microclimate

    Greek “small,”

  • MULTI|multicellular,multidisciplinary,multifarious,multilateral

    Latin “many.”

  • PAR|parity,disparity,nonpareil,subpar

    Latin “equal.”

  • PHOB|acrophobic,agoraphobia,xenophobe,arachnophobia

    Greek “fear,”

  • HEM/HEMO|hemorrhage,hematology,hemophilia,hemoglobin

    Greek “blood”

  • ITIS|bursitis,hepatitis,bronchitis,tendinitis

    Greek and Latin “disease” or “inflammation.”

  • NANO|nanotechnology,nanosecond,nanostructure,nanoparticle

    Greek “dwarf.”

  • SUPER|superfluous,insuperable,supersede,superlative

    Latin “over, higher, more than,”

  • DE|debase,defamation,degenerative,dejection

    Latin “down, away.”

  • NUL/NULL|null,nullity,nullify,annulment

    Latin “none,”

  • ARM|armada,armistice,armory,disarming

    Latin “weapons, tools.”

  • SURG|upsurge,insurgency,counterinsurgent,resurgent

    Latin “to rise, spring up.”

  • STRAT|stratum,stratification,substrate,stratocumulus

    Latin “spread” or “bed.”

  • LATER|lateral,bilateral,collateral,equilateral

    Latin “side.” “wide.”

  • TOM|appendectomy,gastrectomy,tonsillectomy,mastectomy

    Greek “cut.”

  • IATR|iatrogenic,bariatric,geriatric,podiatrist

    Greek “healer, physician,”

  • MEDI|median,mediate,intermediary,mediocrity

    Latin “middle.”

  • OID|rhomboid,deltoid,dendroid,humanoid

    Greek “appearance” or “form.”

  • SCOP|endoscope,arthroscopic,laparoscopy,oscilloscope

    Greek “to look at.”

  • TRANS|transient,transfiguration,transponder,transcendent

    Latin “through, across, or beyond”

  • PRO|proactive,pro bono,proponent,pro forma,protrude,prophylaxis,promulgate,prologue

    “for” or “favoring.”

  • RE|remorse,reiterate,rejuvenate,reconcile

    “again.”

  • RE-|reciprocal,rebut,revoke,regress

    “back” or backward.”

  • DERM|dermal,epidermis,taxidermist,dermatitis

    Greek “skin.”

  • ENDO|endocrine,endodontic,endogenous,endorphin

    Greek “within.”

  • NECRO|necrosis,necromancer,necropolis,necropsy

    Greek “dead body,”

  • PALEO|Paleolithic,paleography,paleontology,Paleozoic

    Greek “ancient” “older than old.”

  • CIRCU/CIRCUM|circuitous,circumference,circumspect,circumvent

    Latin “circle.”

  • MINI/MINU|minimalism,minuscule,minutiae,diminutive

    Latin “small” and “least.”

  • INTER|intercede,interstice,interdict,interpolate

    Latin “between,”

  • SUR|surmount,surcharge,surfeit,surreal

    Latin “over, above”

  • CO|coalesce,cogeneration,codependency,cohesion

    Latin “with, together,”

  • SYN|syntax,synthesize,synergy,syndrome

    Greek and Latin “together” or “at the same time.”

  • TOXI|toxin,toxicity,toxicology,neurotoxin

    Greek “poison,”

  • TEN/TENU|tenuous,attenuated,extenuating,distended

    Latin “thin.”

  • TECHNI/TECHNO|technocrat,technophobe,technophile,pyrotechnic

    Greek “art, craft, skill,”

  • LONG|longitude,elongate,longueur,oblong

    Latin “long.”

  • IDIO|idiom,idiomatic,idiosyncrasy,idiopathic

    Greek “one's own” or “private.”

  • AER/AERO|aerial,aerate,aerobic,anaerobic

    Greek “air.”

  • CAD|cadaver,decadent,cadence,cadenza

    Latin “to fall.”

  • TRIB|tribute,tributary,attribute,retribution

    Latin “to give” or “to pay.”