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ABRET EEG2

ABRET EEG2

Last update 

2nd for passing ABRET test

Items (125)

  • tegretol

    increase discharge on eeg with decrease clinical seizure

  • transmissible spongiform encephalopathy is transmitted by

    prions and can lead to cruetzfeld-jacob disease

  • gigabyte

    one billion bytes

  • byte

    8 bits of information

  • capacitor

    stores energy

  • asystole

    heart is not beating

  • >2 A mps

    can cause asystole (you killed)

  • altzeimers is

    a form of dementia characterized by plaques and tangles in the brain

  • a short time constant results in

    decrease in slow activity

  • lennox-gastaut syndrome

    atonic seizures, absence seizures, 2hz spike and wave, interictal, hard to control.

  • huntington's disease is characterized by

    chorea movements

  • hertz

    measurement for alternating current

  • when recording for electrocerebral inactivity the electrode distance should be at least

    10 cm

  • cataplexy

    strong emotion/laughter causes collapse/still conscious

  • cataplexy is seen in

    narcolepsy

  • miosis

    constriction of the pupil

  • anhidrosis

    no sweating

  • horner's syndrome

    interruption of oculosympathetic nerve pathway, miosis and anhidrosis (eye problems)

  • café au lait spot

    flat, pigmented birthmarks, means coffee with milk

  • neurofibroma

    tumor/growth along a nerve

  • Von Recklinghousen’s disease

    gross, neurofibroma, error in dna(neurofibromatis)

  • isoelectric

    no charge

  • Hypnagogic Hypersynchrony

    commonin children, high amplitude synchronous activity

  • time constant

    time it takes for decay of 37% of peak

  • wernicke's area

    dealing with spoken and written word, located toward back of brain

  • primary motor cortex is in front of primary sensory cortex

    indeed!!

  • Benzodiazepines such as Ativan (Lorazepam)

    can cause frontal central beta at first! Then slowing with a higher dose

  • how many ventricles are in the brain

    it's 4 dude!!

  • foramina of monro

    intraventricular foramina, pairs the 2 lateral ventricles with the third one.

  • is the monitor decent?

    does it have 1024 data points for accurate EEG reading?

  • PVC

    premature ventricular contraction

  • electrocerebral inactivity

    less than 2 micro-volts (uV)-- You be dead

  • multiple sleep latency test

    test to diagnose narcolepsy, sees how long it takes to fall asleep

  • cephalad, caudad

    mean the same as superior and inferior

  • The periodic pattern seen with Herpes Simplex Encephalitis most often occurs in the

    temporal lobes

  • a circuit that lets/blocks different frequencies of current

    filter

  • ACNS guidline for vertical scaling on eeg instruments

    at least 10mm high, and no more than 21 channels bitch

  • Tay-Sachs Disease

    lipid infant disease

  • simple partial seizures

    usually don't alter consciousness

  • microshock

    term used in cardiology. Shock the heart with .1mA

  • Mu Rhythm

    sharp waves in the alpha range, normal in adults

  • lambda waves

    occur over occipital region when scanning the room

  • Mu Rhythm

    A surface negative wicket-type rhythm of 9 Hz (plus or minus 2 Hz) found in the central head regions is know as

  • the circle of willis provides

    collateral blood circulation

  • cataplexy

    a sudden collapse. Yaowza

  • The triad of cataplexy, sleep paralysis, and hypnagogic hallucinations is seen in

    narcolepsy

  • primary auditory cortex

    right in the middle of the brain. Can you hear me in there??

  • congenital

    disease present from birth

  • Arnold-Chiari malformation

    Congenital anomalies of the hindbrain with caudal displacement of pons, medulla and cerebellar vermis is called

  • Dilantin and Phenytoin

    are the same thing

  • Dilantin(Phenytoin) in small doses

    does little to the EEG

  • Dilantin(Phenytoin) in toxic doses

    causes slowing of alpha rhythm and generalized delta

  • Occipital Slow Waves of Youth

    is apparently a real thing, and it's like it sounds but waves aren't that slow

  • Electroretinography measures

    the electrical responses of various cell types in the retina

  • electrodes in an MRI

    bad idea, can cause burns, why would you do that!

  • Paralysis of the respiratory muscles at this voltage

    20-50 mA, that's a wide spectrum

  • Stage1 and 2 sleep increase spikes on EEG for

    pt with benign rolandic epilepsy

  • knowing gestational age for a neonate

    helps determine what eeg activity is normal for the age group

  • galvanometer

    instrument for measuring small electronic currents

  • in EEG equipment the conversion of AC to DC power

    happens in the power supply, you're a ninja

  • Cheyne-Stokes respiration

    breathing up and down, apneic phases, caused by cerebral disfunction or encephalopathic state

  • TIA

    by definition resolves itself within 24 hours

  • TIA is a temporary

    blood blockage

  • indentation between forehead and nose is

    nasion

  • back of the head

    inion

  • Psychotherapeutics/Neuroleptics

    thorazine (chlorpromazine), Haldol (haloperidol), Stelazine (trifluoperazine), Mellaril (thioridazine), Clozapine (clozaril), Risperdal (risperdone), Zyprexa (olanzapine)

  • Interictal discharges in patients with complex partial seizures

    happens most in stage 1 and 2 sleep

  • Poor prognosis, could be cardiac/respiratory arrest

    continuous non-reactive alpha

  • he middle cerebral artery supplies blood to the

    brain's lateral surface

  • rapidly growing tumors such as glioblastoma multiforme and cerebral metastatic lesions.

    can cause polymorphic delta activity

  • From FP1 to 02 would be

    parasagittal

  • hypsarrhythmia

    eeg pattern often seen with infantile spasms

  • T1 and T2

    record mainly horizontal eye movements

  • PLEDS:

    Periodic Lateral Epleptiform Discharges

  • Tera

    is a trillion trillion/ actually just 1 trillion

  • A combination of electronic components designed to increase the power, voltage or current of a signal:

    amplifier

  • drowsiness in an 8 year old child is characterized by

    alpha dropout

  • The EEG amplifier is designed so that when input 1 is more negative than input 2, the deflection will be

    upward (It's frickin backwards!)

  • the egg looking thing near the spin is the

    pons

  • the medulla oblongota looks like part of the

    spine

  • QRS refers to

    ventricular excitation of the myocardium (3 points on a typical ECG waveform)

  • Pick's disease

    similar to altzheimers

  • a full term neonate usually enters into sleep in a

    REM state

  • You could even potentially see pulse artifact in C4

    totally

  • hemiplegia means

    paralysis of one side of the body

  • brainstem auditory evoked potentials

    measures the response to sound, can be used in braindeath, multiple sclerosis, tumors

  • V waves means

    you're in stage 2 sleep. RADICAL

  • When both the negative and positive ends of a generator are recorded during an EEG it is called

    horizontal or tangential dipole, asshole

  • ix to seven Hz theta activity is typically seen in a normal adult

    when they're drowsy

  • Thrombosis of the right middle cerebral artery would most likely cause

    left sided paralysis, primarily of the face and arm

  • During active sleep, the full term neonate has

    irregular respirations and eye movements

  • P.O. stands for

    by mouth

  • an EEG instruments input impedance should be

    high, opposite of electrode impedance, nobody knows why

  • ACNS Guidelines state minimum sampling rate should be at least

    3 times the high frequency filter setting

  • classic absense seizures

    are especially hereditary

  • sampling skew happened in old EEG equip

    inability to record various channels at once

  • Multi-infarct dementia is due to

    vascular disease

  • noxious

    poinsonous harmful or unpleasant

  • change in background rhythms in response to noxious stimuli

    is hopeful for a comatose pt

  • if you have to move an electrode because of scalp abnormality

    move the corresponding symmetric electrode in the same fashion

  • even a baby at 2 to 3 months

    has sleep spindles

  • antidepressants can

    cause increased theta and beta, even at recommended doses!!!!

  • Recent cardiac illness, recent stroke, extreme hypertension, Moyamoya disease, Sickle Cell Anemia, and intra-cranial or extra-cranial hemorrhage

    don't do HV dummy

  • hyponatremia

    really low sodium in the blood

  • ventral means

    front

  • dorsal means

    back, like a dolphin tail. Yay!

  • meningitis

    causes nuchal rigity (I think this means you can't move the neck), photophobia, and headache

  • The best metals for electrodes used in clinical EEG recording are

    silver silver chromide, platinum, and gold

  • Abnormally high concentration of calcium in the blood is called

    hypercalcemia

  • Dude you're sweating all over my eeg

    I'm putting a LFF at 5hz (talk to the hand)

  • Aliasing is caused by

    insufficient sampling rate

  • maximum leakage allowed when ground wire is disabled

    100 uA

  • A biphasic horizontal, vertical, diagonal or rotational ocular oscillation in which at least one phase is slow(bullshit definition)

    nystagmus

  • ocular

    of or connected to the eyes/vision

  • normal alpha in an adult

    should not be seen in the frontal head region

  • he conceptional age is defined as the

    gestational age plus the chronological age

  • Todd's Paralysis

    brief period of paralysis following a seizure

  • The cerebellum

    is like the ballsack of the brain, it hangs lowest

  • What does QD, BID and TID mean on a prescription

    one per day, two per day, and three per day

  • isolated frontal sharp waves in an infant

    are normal

  • persistant focal alpha activity in an infant

    means death. Not literally but it's not normal

  • the ground electrode

    is isolated from the ground in the plug

  • All electrodes used in END testing should have

    DIN 42-802 standard pin connectors

  • the endocrine system uses

    hormones

  • in order(thin strips in top of brain)

    premotor cortex, motor cortex, sensory cortex