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Unit 5

Unit 5

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Items (47)

  • Consciousness

    A state of awareness in which the subject is cognizant of one's environment and self.

  • Beta brain waves

    Electrical brain wave signals that indicate an alert mental state.

  • Alpha brain waves

    Electrical brain wave signals that indicate a relaxed mental state.

  • Delta brain waves

    Electrical brain wave signals that indicate a state of deep sleep.

  • Theta brain waves

    Electrical brain wave signals that indicate a light sleeping state.

  • Unconscious level

    Contains repressed desires, wants, and impulses of which a person is unaware.

  • Preconscious level

    Person can recall memories or stored knowledge.

  • Conscious level

    The level of consciousness at which a person perceives thoughts and feelings.

  • Hypnosis

    Attention is focused very narrowly and the subject experiences increased suggestibility.

  • Animal magnetism

    A magnetic energy in the human body that could be manipulated to cure illness.

  • Posthypnotic suggestion

    A suggestion made during a hypnotic trance that affects later conscious behavior.

  • Hypnotic analgesia

    Using hypnosis as a way to reduce the discomfort typically caused by a medical condition.

  • Hypnotic regression

    The process of recovering hidden or forgotten memories through hypnosis.

  • Self-hypnosis

    The practice of a person hypnotizing oneself for some purpose.

  • Franz Anton Mesmer

    Claimed to be able to cure illness through magnetic energy and the use of trancelike states.

  • Jean Martin Charcot

    Father of modern neurology, hypnosis as a cure for "hysteria", legitimized hypnosis.

  • Milton Erickson

    Founded the American Society for Clinical Hypnosis and advocated for the use of hypnotherapy

  • Meditation

    A ritualistic practice of clearing the mind in order to achieve a sense of relaxation and inner peace.

  • Mindful meditation

    Aware of all that flows through one's mind, but does not focus on any one thought.

  • Concentrative meditation

    Focuses on a single image, sound, body function, or mantra.

  • Transcendental meditation

    Focuses on repeating a mantra to achieve inner peace.

  • Peak experiences

    State of mind, intense feelings of well-being, joy, or complete self-fulfillment.

  • Biofeedback

    Feedback from specialized machines to learn how to control their bodily mechanisms.

  • Altered state of consciousness

    State of consciousness in which a person's level of awareness or thought process is affected.

  • Sleep

    Person becomes relatively inactive and inattentive to stimuli.

  • REM sleep

    Deep sleep; brain becomes very active, rapid eye motion, and dreaming begins.

  • NREM sleep

    Sleep stages 1-4; dominated by delta and theta brain waves.

  • Circadian rhythms

    Physical, mental, and behavioral changes that follow an approximate 24-hour cycle.

  • Torpor

    Rest; heartbeat, body temperature, and awareness of the environment are low, hours at a time

  • Hibernation

    An extended state of torpor; body functions slow down for long periods of time.

  • Sleep hygiene

    The combination of habits and environmental factors that affect our sleep.

  • Sleep deprivation

    A condition in which a person has not slept enough to gain rest within a time period.

  • Sleep debt

    An accumulated deficiency of sleep; also known as sleep deficit.

  • Sleep disorder

    A condition that affects the ability to sleep or the quality of sleep.

  • Parasomnia

    An undesired event that occurs during sleep.

  • Insomnia

    An extended bout of sleeplessness or trouble getting an adequate night's sleep.

  • Sleep apnea

    A sleeping disorder related to difficulty breathing while asleep.

  • Narcolepsy

    A rare sleeping disorder in which the subject experiences excessive sleepiness.

  • Night terrors

    A parasomnia characterized by a sudden awakening from sleep in a terrified state; also known as sleep terrors.

  • Somnambulism

    A parasomnia in which the subject performs activities while asleep; also known as sleepwalking.

  • Dream

    The experience of images, thoughts, or emotional states as a result of brain activity during sleep.

  • Activation-synthesis hypothesis

    Theory of dreaming that suggests dreams are caused by biological processes.

  • Motivated approach

    The tendency of dreamers to interpret their own dreams based on their existing biases.

  • Manifest content

    The actual images, thoughts, and content of a dream.

  • Latent content

    The hidden psychological meaning of a dream.

  • Collective unconscious

    A psychological construct representing human knowledge and memories inherited from an ancestral past.

  • Archetypes

    Universally stimulating images and symbols recognized consciously and unconsciously by humanity.