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C++ C언어

C++ C언어

Last update 

C언어 프로그래밍 C++

Items (40)

  • unique location in main memory for each cell

    Address (of a cell)

  • a step-by-step problem-solving process in which a solution is arrived at in a finite amount of time

    Algorithm

  • most commonly used encoding scheme used on personal computers; the ASCII data set uses seven bits to represent 128 characters, numbered from 0 to 127

    American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII)

  • continuous wave form used to represent such things as sound

    Analog signal

  • software program that performs a specific task

    Application program

  • a program that translates a program written in assembly language into an equivalent program in machine language

    Assembler

  • the number system that a computer uses

    Binary (base 2)

  • sequence of 0s and 1s

    Binary code (binary number)

  • the digit 0 or 1

    Binary digit (bit)

  • a binary digit 0 or 1

    Bit

  • command that does the linking on Visual C++ and Visual Studio .NET

    Build (Rebuild)

  • sequence of eight bits

    Byte

  • brain of the computer and the single most expensive piece of hardware in a personal computer

    Central processing unit (CPU)

  • a program that translates instructions written in a high-level language into the equivalent machine language

    Compiler

  • number system we use in daily life

    Decimal system (base 10)

  • represents information with a sequence of 0s and 1s

    Digital signal

  • programming language similar to natural speaking languages

    High-level language

  • device that feeds data and programs into a computer

    Input device

  • 1024, or 210 bytes

    Kilobyte (KB)

  • place where prewritten code resides

    Library

  • a program that combines the object program with other programs in the library, and is used in the program to create the executable code

    Linker

  • a program that loads an executable program into main memory

    Loader

  • language of a computer; a sequence of 0s and 1s

    Machine language

  • memory directly connected to the CPU

    Main memory

  • ordered sequence of cells in main memory

    Memory cells

  • instruction that is in an easy-to-remember form

    Mnemonic

  • the machine language version of the high-level language program

    Object program

  • programming methodology that identifies components called objects, which form the basis of the solution to a problem

    Object-oriented design (OOD)

  • monitors the overall activity of the computer and provides services

    Operating system

  • device that the computer uses to display results

    Output device

  • program that processes statements in a C++ program that begin with the symbol #

    Preprocessor

  • memory directly connected to the CPU

    Random access memory

  • device that stores information permanently

    Secondary storage

  • a program written in a high-level language

    Source code (source program)

  • dividing a problem into smaller subproblems

    Structured design (top-down design, bottom-up design, stepwise refinement, modular programming)

  • process of implementing a structured design

    Structured programming

  • program that controls the computer

    System program

  • essentially the breaking down of a system to gain insight into its compositional sub-systems, overview of the system is formulated but not detailing subsystems below it.

    Top-down design or Stepwise refinement

  • piecing together of systems to make a complex system.

    Bottom-up design

  • emphasizes separating the functionality of a program into independent, interchangeablemodules, such that each contains everything necessary to execute only one aspect of the desired functionality

    Modular Programming