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Japanese: JLPT N2 Grammar - Pt. 1

Japanese: JLPT N2 Grammar - Pt. 1

Last update 

A collection of some of the grammar points found on the Japanese Language Proficiency Test, Level 2.

Items (98)

  • after much...ended up (to try many things, but end up with an adverse result)

    〜あげく

  • certain limits are extreme so the result will be either abnormal or negative (often expressions of emotion proceed it)

    〜あまり/あんまり

  • so long as... (expresses speaker's judgement, violition, or appeal to the listener

    〜以上(は)

  • on the other hand

    〜一方/〜一方で/〜一方では

  • will just continue (connects to verbs expressing change)

    〜一方だ

  • on top of that (adds feeling of "also" and commands, prohibitions, requests, or solicitations do not follow)

    〜上(に)

  • 1. for, in order to (after indicating a goal to actively work towards, the second phrase explains what is necessary or important to achieve that goal) 2. after having (after first doing one thing, another action based on the first will occur)

    〜上で

  • from the standpoint of... (can also be thought as ~ly)

    〜上は/〜上も/〜上の

  • while

    〜うちに

  • before you know it (links to phrases of continuation)

    〜うちに〜ないうちに

  • can / cannot be done (not used to indicate something is impossible because of lack of ability)

    〜得る [える/うる]

  • thanks to (always used with positive results)

    〜おかげで/〜おかげだ

  • 1. as...gradually (when one thing changes, another thing does) 2. at the same time (two actions occur simultaneously)

    〜とともに

  • in; at (describes places, scenes, or conditions something happens. Nearly the same meaning as で)

    〜において(は)/〜においても/〜における

  • for, according to (shows that as one thing changes, what follows will change accordingly)

    〜に応じて/〜に応じ/〜に応じた

  • instead of, in place of (interchangeable with の代わりに)

    〜に代わって/〜に代わり

  • compared to (interchangeable with より)

    〜に比べて/〜に比べ

  • as; in consequence

    〜に従って/〜に従い

  • as; with (when one thing changes so does the other. Phrases expressing speaker's intentions (つもり)or appeals to others (Vましょう)do not follow

    〜につれて/につれ

  • 1. (target) toward (Describes target or person that is the object of actions or feelings. Used when the action or feeling directly affects the other party) 2. (contrast) as opposed to; in contrast to

    〜に対して/〜に対する

  • 1. about 2. because of; on account of

    〜について/〜につき/〜についても/〜についての

  • for; from the viewpoint of

    〜にとって(は)/〜にとっても/〜にとっての

  • as; with (something changes in response to another change)

    〜伴って/〜に伴い/〜に伴う [ともな]

  • 1. because; owing to 2. through 3. by 4. depending on 5. in some cases

    〜によって/〜により/〜による/〜によっては

  • according to

    〜によると

  • be at the center of, be the focus of

    〜を中心に(して)/〜を中心として

  • regardless of

    〜を問わず [と]

  • including

    〜をはじめ

  • beginning with (emphasizes the breadth of the range outside the representative element)

    〜をはじめとする/〜をはじめとして

  • derived from (describes material that creates something)

    〜をもとに/〜をもとにして

  • in the middle of

    〜最中に/〜最中だ  [さいちゅう]

  • as soon as; the moment that (often used to convey violition to do something as soon as something else happens)

    〜次第 [しだい]

  • at that time, in that place

    〜ところに/〜ところへ/ところを

  • so much B that it's A (the extent/degree of B is so high that it seems like A

    〜ほど/〜ほどだ/〜ほどの

  • because of...; on account of... (shows regret over the cause of some bad result)

    〜ばかりに

  • 1. because... (give a reason (excuse)) 2. so, therefore (explains something unavoidable)

    〜ものだから

  • 1. be supposed to... (shows an appointment of rule) 2. became a rule; been decided that

    〜ことになっている

  • no need to...

    〜ことはない

  • have no other way but

    〜しかない

  • I've heard that...

    〜ということだ

  • probably not

    〜まい/〜まいか

  • no reason for...

    〜わけがない/〜わけはない

  • mustn't

    〜わけにはいかない/〜わけにもいかない

  • from ~ to

    〜から〜にかけて

  • even if...

    たとえ〜ても/たとえ〜でも

  • if only

    〜さえ〜ば

  • neither~or, both~and

    〜も〜ば〜も/〜も〜なら〜も

  • and~among other things

    〜やら〜やら

  • can't do; difficult to...

    〜がたい

  • rather~; a little ~

    〜気味 [ぎみ]

  • seem

    〜げ

  • unfinished, half...

    〜かけだ/〜かけの/〜かける

  • 1. do (be) completely 2. be able to do til the end; be unable to do til the end

    〜きる/〜きれる/〜きれない

  • do one's best until the end

    〜ぬく

  • in repsonse to (usually A is a question, wish, request, or hope)

    〜に答えて/〜に答え/〜に答える/〜に答えた

  • in accordance with...

    〜に沿って/〜に沿い/〜に沿う/〜に沿った [そ]

  • not only...

    〜ばかりか/〜ばかりではなく

  • even...; of course...

    〜はもとより/〜はもちろん

  • regardless of

    〜も構わず [かま]

  • full of (emotion)

    〜を込めて [こ]

  • throughout

    〜を通じて/〜を通して [つう]

  • circulate...; around...

    〜をめぐって/〜をめぐる

  • 1. as soon as I noticed 2. when I think it may

    〜(か)と思うと/〜(か)と思ったら

  • no sooner than...

    〜か〜ないかのうちに

  • judging from; when it comes to

    〜からというと/〜からいえば/〜からいって

  • just because...

    〜からといって

  • from the viewpoint of...

    〜から見ると/〜から見れば/〜から見て(も)

  • only...

    〜きり(だ)

  • in spite of

    〜くせに

  • because (tells why something is)

    〜ことから

  • to my... (strengthens the speaker's feelings. ex: to my surprise)

    〜ことに(は)

  • after...(for a long time)

    〜た末(に)/〜た末の/〜の末(に) [すえ]

  • when something is done, this is the result

    〜たところ

  • when doing~also do

    〜ついでに

  • speaking of (use when talking about somehting typical about the topic)

    〜というと/〜といえば

  • speaking of

    〜といったら

  • more than

    〜というより

  • the more~ the more

    〜ば〜ほど

  • as one thing chanegs, so does the other

    〜ほど

  • like

    〜かのようだ/〜かのような/〜かのように

  • be (gradually) doing

    〜つつある

  • can't help ~ing

    〜てならない

  • merely, only

    〜過ぎない

  • it must be

    〜に相違ない [そうい]

  • only, just (there is no other way)

    〜(より)ほか(は)ない/〜ほかしかたがない

  • suitable for...

    〜向きだ/〜向きに/〜向きの

  • bound for, made for

    〜向けだ/〜向けに/〜向けの

  • by no means, not~ at all

    〜もの(です)か

  • shows admiration or a heart felt feeling

    〜ものだ/〜ものではない

  • states a reason whys something is

    〜わけだ

  • it doesn't mean that

    〜わけではない/〜わけでもない

  • used at the end of a sentence when remembering something

    〜っけ

  • can't do~ because~

    〜どころではない/〜どころではなく

  • even ~

    〜からして

  • from, you can judge, based on

    〜からすると/〜からすれば

  • now that~, since~

    〜からには/〜からは

  • as it is~ it can be expected that~

    〜ことだから

  • becoming of~, worthy of~

    〜だけ/〜だけあって/〜だけに/〜だけの