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Japanese: JLPT N1 Grammar

Japanese: JLPT N1 Grammar

Last update 

Grammar points found on the Japanese Language Proficiency Test, level 1.

Items (90)

  • thanks to (various things, outcomes)

    あっての

  • depending on

    如何 [いかん]

  • regardless of

    如何によらず/如何にかかわらず/如何を問わず

  • even (if)

    (よ)うが/(よ)うと

  • whether

    (よ)うがまいが/(よ)うとまいと

  • want to but can't

    (よ)うにもない

  • extremely

    限りだ

  • once (after beginning, stay that way)

    が最後 [さいご]

  • while (at the same time)

    旁 [かたがた]

  • while; besides

    かたわら

  • while doing something

    がてら

  • as soon as

    が早いか [はや]

  • tend to

    きらいがある

  • be extremely

    極まる/〜極まりない [きわ]

  • look like; be like; and the like

    ごとき/〜ごとく

  • because

    こととて

  • without

    ことなしに

  • end up (becoming)

    始末だ [しまつ]

  • even

    (で)すら

  • full of; a lot of

    尽くめ [ず]

  • as soon as (shows a condition in which the same thing repeats again and again)

    傍から [そば]

  • not only ~ (but also); not only that

    ただ〜のみならず

  • (even) if; though

    たところで

  • only; just; even

    だに

  • be; as a; is

    たる

  • even (emphasizes something being small, few in number, weak, etc)

    たりとも

  • leave something as it is

    っ放し [っぱなし]

  • and, and

    つつ

  • even

    であれ

  • whether x or y

    であれであれ

  • ever since (something) changed

    てからというもの

  • if that's not... I don't know what is

    でなくてなんだろう/〜でなくてなんであろう

  • it's not as if

    ではあるまいし/じゃあるまし

  • not to stop

    て止まない [や]

  • in cooperation with; combined with

    と相まって

  • because

    とあって

  • if it happens to be

    とあれば

  • in terms of both~ and ~

    といいといい

  • however, but, though

    といえども

  • thought so, but

    と思いきゃ

  • when it comes to~

    ときたら

  • despite a certain time; despite a certain situation

    ところを

  • even if; though

    としたところで/としたって/にしたところで/にしたって

  • be so; so much

    とは

  • even though it is said; admitting that

    とはいえ

  • as if; as if~were convinced that

    とばかりに

  • without really planning to

    ともなく/〜ともなしに

  • when it comes to (special situation)

    ともなると/〜ともなれば

  • expressing the speaker's feeling that although an ideal action or state isn't possible, at least the next best action should be available

    ないまでも

  • but, however, though, although, yet

    ながらも

  • since (A) started, it has been continuously in the same state

    ながらに

  • if it wasn't for ~

    なくして(は)

  • without; unless

    なしに(は)

  • (none, nothing) but; except

    ならでは

  • as soon as

    なり

  • in one's own way, one's own style

    なりに/なりの

  • no need to do so

    に(は)あたらない

  • being in; due to; suited to

    にあって

  • leads to, all the way to, as far as

    に至る/に至るまで/に至って(は)/に至っても [いた]

  • be concerned in/with, be involved in/with, affect, concern

    に関わる [かか]

  • not hard to

    に難くない [かた]

  • only; because of that

    にして

  • in line with, in keeping with

    に即して/に即した [そく]

  • be deserving (worthy) of

    に足る [た]

  • can't stand; feel strongly about

    に耐えない [た]

  • has value; it is worth doing

    に耐える [た]

  • in sharp contrast with; compared to

    にひきかえ

  • above everything; more than before

    にもまして

  • completely; utmost

    の至り [いた]

  • be the utmost

    の極み

  • let alone; not to mention

    は愚か/は疎か [おろ]

  • particularly thanks to

    (あれ)ばこそ

  • not only

    ひとりだけでなく/ひとりのみならず

  • should not

    べからざる

  • must not (used on notices, signs, etc to show that something is forbidden)

    べからず

  • with the intention of doing

    べく

  • not likely

    まじき

  • no need to

    までもない/までもなく

  • be covered in; be stained with

    塗れ [まみ]

  • look (like); seem (to be); have an air (of)

    めく

  • not only

    も然る事乍ら [もさることながら]

  • should have; ought to have; I tell you; why don't (didn't) you

    ものを

  • as soon as

    や/や否や [いな]

  • due to, therefore

    故(に)/故の [ゆえ]

  • part from, leaving aside

    を措いて [お]

  • with~, some continuing activity will end (or a prohibiton on an activity will start)

    を限りに

  • by means of; at

    を以て [もって]

  • in the face of, in defiance of, in spite of

    をものともせずに

  • without consideration for~, despite~, without thinking...

    を余所に [よそ]

  • in order to

    んがため(に)/んがための