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Sweeney's AP Psychology at CHS: Important Figures

Sweeney's AP Psychology at CHS: Important Figures

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Important figures to know and their significant accomplishments (up to and including States of Consciousness chapter; capitalized words indicate important, likely-to-be-tested information)

Items (37)

  • German, founded Psychology, first Psychology Lab at University of Leipzig (1879), first Psychology Journal (1881)

    Wilhelm Wundt

  • Wundt's student, important to American Psychology growth, founded APA, first American Research Lab and Journal

    G. Stanley Hall

  • Founded Structuralism

    Edward Titchener

  • Founded Functionalism, wrote Principles of Psychology (most influential text in Psychology), coined the term "stream of consciousness"

    William James

  • Created the Psycholanalytic Theory, believed behavior is greatly influenced by how one copes with sexual urges

    Sigmund Freud

  • Founded Behaviorism

    John B. Watson

  • Discovered Operant Conditioning, wrote Beyond Freedom and Dignity

    B. F. Skinner

  • Humanist, believed behavior is governed by "self-concept", there is a fundemental human drive towards personal growth

    Carl Rogers

  • Created the Hierarchy of Needs

    Abraham Maslow

  • Cognitive Psychologist, studied cognitive development of children

    Jean Piaget

  • Cognitive Psychologist, theorized the Language Aquisition Device

    Noam Chomsky

  • Studied Problem Solving, won 1978 Nobel Prize

    Herbert Simon

  • Studied Short-Term Memory, found that only about 7 items could be remembered with Short-Term Memory

    George Miller

  • Created a model of the "Working Memory" of Short-Term Memory

    Alan Baddeley

  • Studied Source and Reality Monitoring

    Marcia Johnson

  • Created the Ebbinghaus Forgetting Curve, discovered Nonsense Syllables

    Hermann Ebbinghaus

  • Theorized that memory formation creates alterations in synaptic transmission at certain sites

    Eric Kandel

  • Theorized that memories create unique, reusable pathways in the brain along which signals flow

    Richard Thompson

  • Discovered the Episodic and Semantic Memory Systems

    Endel Tulving

  • Hypothesized Liguistic Relativity

    Benjamin Lee Whorf

  • Believed that Human Reasoning relies largely on not knowing all information & factors

    Gerd Gigrenzer

  • Conducted the Minnesota Twin Study

    Thomas Bouchard

  • Studied Split-Brain Patients to illustrate differences in Lateralization

    Roger Sperry & Michael Gazzaniga

  • French physician, discovered the part of the brain dedicated to Speech Production

    Paul Broca

  • German physician, discovered part of the brain dedicated to Speech Comprehension

    Carl Wernicke

  • Railroad foreman of the late 1900's, impaled by metal rod through head and survived, provided psychologists with ability to study fuction(s) of frontal lobes

    Phineas Gage

  • Mapped the regions of the brain during neural surgeries of fully conscious patients

    Wilder Penfield

  • Founded the study of Psychophysics

    Gustav Fechner

  • Created Weber's Law

    Ernst Weber

  • Won the Nobel Prize for discovering Feature Detectors

    David Hubel & Torsten Wiesel

  • Proposed the Gate-Control Theory

    Melzack & Wall

  • Discovered Gestalt Principles of grouping and organizing perceptions

    Max Wertheimer

  • Created the Visual Cliff apparatus test whether or not depth perception is innate

    Eleanor Gibson & Richard Walk

  • Proposed the Activation-Synthesis Model

    McCarley & Hobson

  • Popularized Hypnosis in the late 1700's

    Anton Mesmer

  • Theorized that Hypnosis is a State of Dissociation or Divided Consciousness

    Ernest Hilgard

  • Theorized the Social Phenomenon Theory of hypnosis

    Nicholas Spanos