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Unit 1

Unit 1

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Items (31)

  • Empiricism

    Knowledge originates in experience; science should therefore rely on observation and experimentation.

  • Structuralism

    Edward Bradford Titchener; focused on self-reflection and introspection. Highly unreliable.

  • Functionalism

    Focused on how our mental and behavioral processes enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish.

  • Experimental Psychology

    The study of behavior and thinking using the experimental method.

  • Behaviorism

    Psychology should be an objective; studies behavior without reference to mental processes

  • Humanistic Psychology

    Emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth.

  • Cognitive Neuroscience

    Thinking; including perception, thinking, memory, and language.

  • Psychology

    The science of behavior and mental processes.

  • Nature-Nurture Issue

    Controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience.

  • Natural Selection

    Genetic variations contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations.

  • Levels of Analysis

    The differing complementary views for analyzing any given phenomenon.

  • Biopsychosocial Approach

    Approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis.

  • Biological Psychology

    Concerned with the links between biology and behavior.

  • Evolutionary Psychology

    Roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of natural selection.

  • Psychodynamic Psychology

    How unconscious drives and conflicts influence behavior.

  • Behavioral Psychology

    Classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and observational learning.

  • Cognitive Psychology

    All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.

  • Social-Cultural Psychology

    The study of how situations and cultures affect our behavior and thinking.

  • Psychometrics

    The scientific study of the measurement of human abilities, attitudes, and traits.

  • Basic Research

    Aims to confirm an existing theory or to learn more about a concept or phenomenon

  • Developmental Psychology

    Physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span.

  • Educational Psychology

    Psychological processes affect and can enhance teaching and learning.

  • Personality Psychology

    Individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.

  • Social Psychology

    How we think about, influence, and relate to one another.

  • Applied Research

    Conducted to solve practical problems and improve the quality of life.

  • Industrial-Organizational (I/O) Psychology

    Application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces.

  • Human Factors Psychology

    Explores how people and machines interact and how machines increase safety

  • Counseling Psychology

    Assists people with problems in living and in achieving greater well-being.

  • Clinical Psychology

    Studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders.

  • Psychiatry

    A branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; physicians provide medical treatments

  • SQ3R

    Survey, Question, Read, Rehearse, Review.