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CLA204 Terms

CLA204 Terms

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Greek mythology

Items (98)

  • Isle of the blessed

    place where the virtuous dwell after death, retaining their faculties and enjoying a life free of care. This is probably the last abode of the righteous soul

  • parerga

    Incidentals and generally used to describe events which took place during the completion of the Labors of Herakles and incidental to the actual Labor

  • Deus ex machina

    a god introduced by means of a crane in ancient Greek and Roman drama to decide the final outcome.

  • In media res

    “in the middle of things”. It usually describes a narrative that begins not at the beginning of a story, but somewhere in the middle

  • phusikoi

    Aristotle refereed to the presocratic philosophers as this because of their preoccupation with indentifying the physics of nature

  • Mimesis

    is a critical and philosophical term that carries a wide range of meanings, which include imitation, representation, mimicry, imitatio, receptivity, nonsensuous similarity, the act

  • Kleos

    It is often translate to ‘glory’. A greek hero earns kleos through accomplishing great deeds, often through his own death.

  • saga

    a long involved story, account, or series of incidents

  • Erechtheum

    is an ancient Greek temple on the north side of the Acropolis of Athens in Greece which was dedicated to both Athena and Poseidon

  • sparagmos

    act of rending, tearing apart, or mangling, usually in Dionysian context. A living animal and sometimes human is dismembered

  • Frankcalvert

    he was a field archaeologist who preceded heinrich Schliemann ( by 7 years) as the excavator of troy.

  • Alfred Lord

    American scholar that discovered that Homeric tradition was an oral one- that is this was a kind of poetry made and passed down by mouth

  • Mysteries

    a secret rite or doctrine, of which initiation is necessary

  • Metempsychosis

    is a philosophical term in theGreek language referring to transmigration of the soul, especially its reincarnation after death

  • Maecenas

    He was a roman diplomat and a counsellor to the roman emperor augustus. HE was also a patron of such poets as Virgil and Horace

  • Dithyramb

    a wild choral hymn of ancient Greece, especially one dedicated to Dionysus.

  • Cynic

    A group of philosophers that practiced cynicism. For the cynics, the purpose of life was to live in virtue, in agreement with nature.

  • Titanomachy

    10 year battle the occurred between the Titans, the older generation of gods vs the Olympian gods led by Zeus

  • syncretism

    combining of different, often contradictory beliefs, while blending practices of various of thought

  • phusis

    greek word for nature

  • Knosses

    is the ancient Minoan palace and surrounding city on the island of Crete, sung of by Homer in his Odyssey: “

  • Aegean sea

    lies between the coast of Greece and Asia minor. It contains many islands including Crete. Some say that this particular sea got its name from Aegeus, the father of Theseus,

  • shaft graves

    a type of grave in the late Bronze Age in which the burial chamber is approached by a vertical shaft, made of walls on stone and a roof of wood

  • Old Comedy

    exuberant and high-spirited satire of public person and affairs plays; composed of song dance and buffoonery

  • nomos

    concept of law in ancient Greek

  • Propontis

    Marmara sea; Cyzicus in the Propontis

  • Guslari

    an epic singer who performs long narrative tales while accompanying himself on a one or two stringed instrument known as a gusle

  • Augustan poetry

    it is the poetry that flourished during the reign of Caesar augustus as emperor of Rome

  • Euxine sea

    At the entrance to the Euxine Sea the Argonauts met Phineus, the blind and aged king whose food was constantly polluted by the Harpies

  • psychopompos

    conveyor or conductor of souls in the underworld

  • scholiast

    a schlar who writes commentaries of the works of an author usually ancient commetatros and classical authors

  • Katabasis

    is a descent of some type, such as moving downhill, the sinking of the winds or sun, a military retreat, or a trip to the underworld

  • Hubris

    excessive pride and arrogance. It is most often toward or as defiance of the gods. A common themes is mortals should not challenge the gods

  • Eumenides

    a euphemistic name for the Furies, meaning “the Kindly Ones.”

  • Sparta

    city in Greece that turned into the dominant military power of ancient Greece. Ruled by Lacedaemon

  • Ekphora

    “ funeral procession”, usually took place just before dawn

  • Metopes

    is a regular architectural element that, fills the space between two triglyphs

  • Zagreus

    Minor god, usually conflated with the god of wine, Dionysus. Worshipped by the followers of Orpheus. According to them he was the son of Zeus and Persephone

  • Epigrams

    A short, often satirical poem dealing concisely with a single subject and usually ending with a witty turn of thought

  • penteconter

    ancient Greek galley in use since the archaic period

  • Skeptic

    ancient Greek philosopher who denies the possibility of knowledge or even rational belief

  • Thessaly

    in Greece where the village Iolcos is located

  • porne

    prostitution in ancient Greece

  • Sigmund Freud

    counted the term Oedipus complex believed the Oedipus complex is a desire for the parent in both males and females

  • Agon

    it is known as a competition or struggle often resulting in prizes. E.g Fighting over Helen in the Trojan war.

  • Second Sophistic

    literary-historical term referring to the Greek writers who flourished from the regin of Nero.

  • Dodona

    is supposedly the location of the oldest oracle in Greece. Herodotus claimed that the arrival of a black dove from Thebes in Egypt into an oak tree at Dodona

  • Mt. Helicon

    is where the muses are said to live, where there was a spring that was sacred to the muses.

  • Nero


  • Crete

    It is an island in southern Greece in the meditteranean sea. Its minoan civilization is centered at the city of Knosses during the time Cretan hieroglyphs

  • Maenads

    a female follower of Bacchus, traditionally associated with divine possession and frenzied rites.

  • Oedipus Complex

    a sons feeling of love toward his mother and of jealousy and hate toward his father

  • Stoic

    a member of ancient philosophical school of Stoicism

  • Dramatic irony

    a literary technique, originally used in Greek tragedy, by which the full significance of a character's words or actions are clear to the audience or reader

  • Anthropomorphic

    is the attribution of human form or qualities to which is not human

  • obolus

    a silver coin or unite of weight equal to one sixth of a drachma formerly used in ancient greec

  • Delos

    Delos is a small island that is not very habitable. This is where LEto was able to hide from Hera and able to give birth to Apollo and Artemis

  • Mt. Cithaeron

    Oedipus was abandoned as a baby and found here

  • panhellenic

    panhellenic labours; 11 labours of heracles

  • teichoskopia

    “Viewing from the walls” and is a recurring narrative strategy in ancient Greek lieterature. Author gives info the reader won’t usually get like with Helen in the illiad

  • Sophist

    A teacher of philosophy and rhetoric in Greece associated to popular thought with moral skepticism and specious reasoning

  • Nestor’s Cup

    A golding mixing cup, described in Homer’s iliad, belonging to Nestor, the king of Pylos

  • Theomachy

    a war or struggle against God or among or against the gods

  • Heinrich Schliemann

    He is the founder of modern archaeology who had led the excavation of troy following frank calvert

  • Brendan Kennelly

    He is an irish poet and novelist. HE has written an alternative story of Medea presenting her in a rage of light, sort of like a feministic perspective

  • Epigoni

    meaning "offspring") are the sons of the Argive heroes who had fought and been killed in the first Theban war,

  • mythographer

    a writer or collector of myths

  • Geras

    “prize of honour” – “representation of timai” – this is the best prize that can be given to a warrior, by his peers,

  • Lemnos

    an island in the northern Aegean Sea. When the ARGONAUTS, in their way to Colchis, came to Lemnos, they found out that all males had been murdered

  • Colchis

    a fabulously wealthy land situated on the mysterious periphery of the heroic world

  • Cornucopia

    -"horn of plenty." A traditional staple of feasts, the cornucopiais believed to represent the horn of a goat

  • Great Dionysia

    Great Dionysia, also called City Dionysia , ancient dramatic festival in which tragedy, comedy, and satyric drama originated

  • Colonnus

    A place in Athens, suitable for the death of Oedipus who has become sacral rather than hated in his play.

  • xenia

    Greek concept of hospitality, the generosity and courtesy shown to those who are far from home, and associates of the person bestowing guest-friendship and exchanging gifts

  • Ab ovo

    “from the very beginning” – The practice of beginning a narrative at the earliest possible chronological point.

  • Monomyth

    a cyclical journey or quest undertaken by a mythical hero. For example heracles

  • tragic trilogy

    Oresteia; written by Aeschylus consists of three linked plays that follows the change of fortune of House of Atreus, from the murder of Agamemnon to revenge by his son Orestes

  • Harpies

    are winged monsters with the face of an ugly old woman and crooked, sharp claws

  • Ashlar masonry

    A type of building construction that uses primarily rectangular blocks of stone. Most of the architecture constructed this way are simple straight walls

  • Tiberius’ Grotto

    in Sperlonga, Italy, Villa of Tiberius

  • Aetia

    “cause” or “reason”. Often associated with etiology to explain a tale associated with a religious observance.

  • polis

    city in Greek; punishing the traitor

  • Eleusis/ Eleusian mysteries

    Eleusis is the place where the cult of the goddess Demeter existed and where the eleusian mysteries ( secret initiation) were performed

  • Mycenae

    archaeological site in Greece

  • Elysium

    is a conception of the afterlife that developed over time and was maintained by some Greek religious and philosophical sects and cults

  • Ichor

    is the ethereal golden fluid that is the blood of the gods and/or immortals

  • Nermean Games

    one of four Panhellenic games of Greece in Nemea every two years

  • prothesis

    first part of burial ritual; ‘laying out the body’; usually done by female relatives

  • Etiology

    cause, origin

  • Epicurean

    a disciple or student of the Greek philosopher Epicurus

  • satyr play

    joking tragedy; the actors play mythical heroes engaged in action drawn from traditional mythical tales, but chorus members are stayrs

  • Corinth

    Oedipus grew up in Corinth. Here he questioned his birth and was soon exiled from Corinth

  • oikos

    a house (home, any dwelling place) connecting with family, and family property

  • Thebes

    City in Greece; home to Oedipus and the Theban Royal Family

  • pederasty

    A socially acknowledge erotic relationship between a man and a boy

  • Cithara

    - This was an ancient greek musical instrument that resembles the lyre. This instrument has caused much turmoil as individuals

  • Invocation to the muse

    A prayer or address made to the one of the nine muses of Greco-Roman mythology, in which the poet asks for the inspiration, skill, knowledge, or appropriate mood to create a poem worthy of his subject-matter.

  • Library of Alexandria

    in Alexandria, Egypt, was one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world. It was dedicated to the Muses, the nine goddesses of the arts