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Cla204 pack 2

Cla204 pack 2

Last update 

Items (82)

  • time

    public externalized representation of honour; woman were gifted as prizes to those honourable

  • Metic

    referred to a foreign resident of Athens, one who did not have citizen rights in his or her Greek city-state (polis) of residence

  • Autochthony

    refers to the origin of man kind soil

  • Phaeacia

    region in Greek mythology, home of the Phaeacians and last destination of Odysseus in his 10 year journey before return home to Ithaca

  • Peloponnese

    region in southern Greece

  • Attica

    region of Greece which is centered around the city of Athens

  • Olympia

    Relgious center devoted to the worship of Zeus and the site of the ancient Olympic Games

  • Orphism

    religious beliefs and practices originating in the Ancient Greek associated with literature ascribed to the mythical poet Orpheus

  • Aegis

    shield of Zeus, originally made of goat skin, which thunders as he shakes it. Athena also bore the aegis.

  • Symplegades

    small rocky islands at the mouth of Bosphurus, which were fabled to strike toegether and destroy ships as they passed; also called Cyanean islands

  • Nectar

    Special drink of the gods, usually paired with food, ambrosia. It was often depicted as conferring upon whoever

  • pathein mathein

    suufer and learn’

  • Erastes and eromenos

    term used by ancient greeks meaning both ‘lover’ and ‘inspirer’ to describe the relationship between an adult man and an adolescent boy

  • Peripeteia

    term used in works of literature; is a reversal of circumstances or turning point

  • New Comedy

    that offers a mildly satiric view of contemporary Athenian society; feautres fictional average citizens and has no supernatural heroic overtones

  • Hellespont

    The ancient name for the Dardanelles, named after the legendary Helle, who fell into the strait and was drowned while escaping with her brother Phrixus

  • Kibisis

    The bag that Perseus used to hold the head of the Gorgon, Medusa, after he had killed her

  • Ambrosia

    The food of the gods. It is coupled with nectar, the drink of the gods. These bestow immortality.

  • Presocratic

    The Greek philosophers or philosophical systems of thought before Socrates

  • Koure

    the name given to a type of free-standing ancient Greek sculpture of the Archaic period depicting female figures, always of a young age

  • pinakes

    The Pinakes was bibliographic work composed by Callimachus, that is popularly considered to be the first library catalogue

  • oral-formulaic composition

    The process which enables oral poets to improvise poetry

  • nostos

    theme used in Greek literature which includes which includes an epic hero returning home by sea

  • Bacchae

    These are female devotees of the greek god Bacchus, who was Dionysus. This is seen in horaces ode 2.19, a reflection upon bacchus

  • Cretan hieroglyph

    these are undeciphered hieroglyphs found on artefacts of the early bronze age, crete, during the minoan era

  • Milman parry

    these were American scholars who discovered that Homeric tradition was an oral one- that this was a kind of poetry made and passed down orally by word of mouth and without the intervention of writing

  • Centauromachy

    This is a battle between the centaurs and men. The most noted battle was between Heracles and centaur Nessus

  • Hetairos

    This is a comrade, mate, or patner. Liad very keenly displays hetairos, or the significance of Patroclus, who is the driving force of the narrative and is a really good friend, and is humanizing Achilles

  • Dactylic hexameter

    This is a form of meter or rhythmic scheme in poetry.It is composed of two short syllables or 1 long syllable and is 6 verses in length

  • Chthonic

    this is a greek term meaning beneath the earth. It is often used to describe greek gods and goddess.

  • Athloi

    this is a greek word used to describe labours, “ contests undertaken for a prize. For example, Heracles’ prize for doing the 12 labours is immortality

  • Hecatomb

    This is a large scale sacrifice or slaughter. A sacrifice to the ancient greek or proman gods originally consisted of 100 oxen or cattle

  • Ekphrasis

    This is a literary description, or a visual commentary of art. This type of literary description is depicted in Pausanias.

  • Epic

    This is a literary genre by which the poems are always written in verse ( dactylic hexameter). It has an elevated style and language

  • Brekekekex koax koax

    This is a nonsense words supposedly an imitation of frogs , that Aristophanes uses to poke fun at the underworld

  • Aristeia

    this is a scene in the dramatic conventions of epic poery as in the iliad where a hero in battle has his finest moments.

  • Folktale

    this is a simple moral story, that usually have a fantastical or magical aspect. It involves humans or animals and has many motifs.

  • Aoidoi

    This is a skilled oral epic poet who improvises works. Usually accompanied by music and performs at banquets. From Mycenaean times.

  • Linear B

    This is a syllabic script used for writing Mycenaean Greek during the late Bronze age;make mention of the greek deities familiar to use from greek mythology

  • Caduceus

    This is a symbol of hermes. It is the staff of hermes, the divine messenger.

  • Epithet

    this is a type of adjective and is always sued to qualify gods and heroes. Some epithets are generic while others are specific to one god

  • rhapsode

    This is a type of oral poet or singer who recites Homeric words, form memory as their profession; with music

  • Bireme

    this is an acient ship that was the most used on voyages. It consisted of two laters of oarsmen on each side. These types of boats could’ve been used by Odysseus on his voyage back home

  • Ai Ai

    This is an exclamation of grief and lament. Ajax suggests that his name might be linked to this word. This is also used by ovid when talking about Ajax’ death.

  • Causus belli

    this is an expression meaning “ an act/event that provokes, or is used to justify war”.

  • Euhemerism

    This is defined as the theory of the greek writer Euhemerus, that the greek gods were created from real stories about personages or real historical events

  • Boeotia

    This is part of the region of central Greece, ruled by Athamas and Nephele. Their progeny lead to the eventual story of Jason and the Golden Fleece

  • Anagnorisis

    This is the “aha! Moment”. It is the moment in a play or other work when a character makes a critical discovery

  • Cios

    this is the Asiatic shore of the propontis. Hylas the companion of Heracles on the argonautic expedition had goen ashore at Cios to fetch water

  • Mt. Olympus

    This is the largest peak in Greece and the greater gods are said to dwell on the heights of it.

  • Cosmogony

    This is the study of the birth of the universe. It is the story/origin and chaos often refers to the cosmos in greek myth

  • Autochthonous

    this is the term for those who are said to be the children of the soil, which means they have no parents but they have sprung from the ground

  • Kleos aphthiton

    This is undying fame or unwilting glory. It is the goal of all heroes. Epic poems are vehicles for kleo to reach this stage of kleos apthiton.

  • Catharsis

    This means cleansing. It is an emotional discharge through which one can achieve a state of moral or spiritual renewal

  • Andreia

    This means courage. This is seen in the play Antigone when we see Antigone’s determination in the face of death, to give a proper burial.

  • Mimetic

    this means to mimic. Often in greek myth art tries to mimic real life. This is seen in Callimachus mimetic hymns, in which the poems attempt to recreate the feeling of a real ritual as if it were taking place

  • Cosmology

    This refers to how the word is arranged and structured or more generally how something comes about.

  • Thesmophoria

    This was a womans festival celebrated throughout Autumn in Greek in honour of goddess Demeter; encourages fertility

  • Delphi

    This was an important greek religious sanctuary sacred to god Apollo. This is where apollo’s temple stood after Apollo killed the python

  • Amazonomachy

    This was the portrayal of the mythical battle between the ancient greeks and the amazons, a nation of all female warriors.

  • Hellenistic Poetry

    This was witten during the Hellenistic period which was the peak of greek civilization. ex Callimachus

  • oida

    to have seen or perceived, hence to know

  • Sperlonga

    town in Italy, halfway between Rome and Naples; sperlonga sculptures were found there

  • Oresteia

    trilogy of Greek tragedies written by Aeschylus. Name from character Orestes who set out to avenge his father’s murder

  • synoecism

    unification of towns, tribes

  • parthenogenesis

    virgin birth’; natural form of asexual reproduction; Gaia gave brith to OUranos through parthonogenesis

  • trireme

    Warship that permitted Athens to build her maritime empire

  • Cyclic epic

    was a collection of Ancient Greek epicpoems that related the story of the Trojan War, which includes the Cypria, the Aethiopis

  • thyrsus

    was a wand of tree: giant fennel covered with ivy vines and leaves and topped with pine cone

  • Joseph Campbell

    was an American mythologist, writer and lecturer, best known for his work in comparative mythology and comparative religion

  • Peloponnesian War

    was an ancient Greek war fought by Athens and its empire against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta

  • Iolcos

    was famous for being the birthplace of Jason, the leader of the Argonauts in their quest for the Golden Fleece

  • Pericles

    was most prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator and general of Athens during Golden Age

  • Pythia

    was the priestess who held court at Pytho, the sanctuary of the Depinians, dedicated to Apollo

  • Linear A

    was the primary script used in palace and religious writing of the minoan civilization during the early Bronze age

  • Hetaira

    were a type of prostitute in ancient Greece. Traditionally, historians of ancient Greece have distinguished between hetairai and pornai

  • Erynies

    were female spirits of justice and vengeance. They were also called the Erinyes (angry ones)

  • satyr

    were male woodland deities with ears and legs of a goat who worshiped Dionysus. Marsyas is an example

  • Isthmian games

    were one of the Panhellenic Games of Ancient Greece, and were named after the isthmus of Corinth, where they were held

  • oracle

    Where divinly inspired prophecies of future were passed down to mortals. Usually delivered by priests through the god will speak

  • Palladium

    wooden stature that fell form heaven and was kept at Troy; for as long as it was preserved the city was safe

  • Ataraxia

    word for tranquility of the mind, characterized by ongoing freedom from distress or worry. This is often obtained after completing labours